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Definition
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Mars name is after the Greek God of
war Martius and Martialis.. Mars were
called the red planet because most of
the rock in Mars in red so that’s why
Mars is called the red planet.
uranus
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Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun and the
third of the 4 gas giants. Uranus is 14.5 bigger then
Earth. It have that blue and green color and it does
not have a hard surface and actually the surface was
layers of clouds.
The name Uranus, which was first created by the
German astronomer Johann Elert Bode.Uranus was
also the name of the Lord of the skies and also
called Earth husband.
Uranus is 868.124 kg .was When you step on
Uranus you will be more lighter because of it’s
gravity. Uranus gravity is 8.69 m/s².
The distence of Uranus and the sun are 1,9 billion
miles. And the distence of neptune to uranus is
911,453,788 miles.
Comets
comet is an icy small Solar System body (SSSB) that,
when close enough to the Sun, displays a visible coma (a
thin, fuzzy, temporary atmosphere) and sometimes also
a tail. These phenomena are both due to the effects
of solar radiation and the solar wind upon the nucleus of
the comet. Comet nuclei range from a few hundred
meters to tens of kilometers across and are composed of
loose collections of ice, dust, and small rocky particles.
Comets have been observed since ancient times and
have traditionally been considered bad omens.
 The solid nucleus or core of a comet consists mostly
of ice and dust coated with dark organic material with the
ice composed mainly of frozen water but perhaps other
frozen substances as well, such as ammonia, carbon
dioxide, carbon monoxide and methane. The nucleus
might have a small rocky core.
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neptune
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Neptune is the eighth planet in our solar system.
It is the farthest planet from the sun.
They have 13 moons, and one of them is called Triton, which is
the largest of them all.
Neptune is named the God of sea in the Roman Mythology, and
their moons are all named after minor God of Sea from the
Greek and Roman mythology.
Neptune’s color is blue is not because their surface is the
ocean, but they are full of methane gas
The most inside part of Neptune is made of solid core of rock
and possibly ice. The second, icy layer consists of frozen water,
ammonia, and methane. The last layer is an atmosphere
containing hydrogen, helium, methane gases and other minor
compositions
It was discovered by Urbain Le Verrier, John Couch Adams and
Johann Galle in the 23rd of September 1846.
jupiter
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Jupiter have a rough conditions such as the
temperature at the inner layer of the clouds,
temperatures can reach -145° C, while just
above the core, where the planetary pressure
has liquefied the hydrogen in the air, the
temperature could reach 9,726 Celsius.
Jupiter was named after the Roman God
Jupiter which mean the Kings Of God in Latin.
Jupiter have the mass of 318 times the size of
Earth and twice and a half of all planets in the
solar system combined.
moons
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Europa (Jupiter): Galileo Galilei and Simon Marius discovered
Europa moon on January 8th 1610.
Earth’s moon: The distance from the moon to our planet is
around 384403 kilometres (238857 miles).
Deimos (Mars): ). Most people think that Deimos and Phobos
are asteroids’ because their irregular shape and small size.
Phobos (Mars): Phobos moon was first discovered by A.Hall,
which has been discovered on 1877.
Iapetus (Saturn): The meaning of its name was the son of
Uranus. It is the third-largest moon in the planet Saturn.
Miranda (Uranus): . Miranda was named after the daughter of
the magician Prospero in Shakespeare's play The Tempest.
Larissa (Neptune): The meaning of Larissa in Greek mythology
is a love of Poseidon and eponymous nymph of the city in
Thessaly.
Thalassa (Neptune): Thalassa was named after a daughter of
Aether and Hemera from Greek mythology.
Earth’s moon
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The celestial object which revolves round the
earth; the satellite of the earth; a secondary
planet, whose light, borrowed from the sun, is
reflected to the earth, and serves to dispel the
darkness of night.
Diameter: 3,476 km
Size: (the picture)
Mass: 7.349 x 1022 kg
A lunar month is the time the moon takes to
pass through a complete cycle of its phases
and is measured from New Moon to New
Moon.
asteroids
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Asteroids are small, airless rocky, dry and dusty worlds revolving
around the sun that are too small to be called planets, they also can be
silicon based rock, some metals like nickel and iron, and carbon.
Asteroid belts: Astronomers measure distances in our solar system in
units of the Earth-Sun distance, which is 150 million kilometers. They
call this an astronomical unit or AU, that lies between mars and Jupiter.
TEMPERATURE: The temperature of the asteroid belt varies. It can
range from something on the order of 200 K (−73 °C) near the inner
edge (about 2.2 AU) down to 165 K (−108 °C) near the outer edge
(about 3.2 AU.
The rotations of asteroids larger than 40 km in diameter have a
distribution close, that suggests that they are ally evolve crash left.
Either original bodies of the asteroid main belt or its largest, Small
asteroids show significant excesses of both slow and fast rotations, a
“barrier” against spins faster than 12 rotations per day, and some of
them are binary systems on inner-planet-crossing orbits with a
characteristic fast rotation of their primaries
mercury
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The Planet Mercury is the closest planet to our sun and is the smallest
planet in the solar system. It is named after a roman god.
Mercury is the first planet of our solar system and it is next to the sun.
Mercury characteristics it has 2 sides once that is very hot that facing to
the sun and one is very cold in facing opposites ways
Mercury, the innermost planet, is 0.4 A.U. from the Sun on the average.
It revolves about the Sun once every 88 days in an orbit that is the
most elliptical of any planet except Pluto.
Mercury (Hg) is an element and a natural part of our universe. It has
been identified on the sun and found in meteorites and moon rocks
Color of mercury: grey Mercury has practically no atmosphere, so we
just see the rocky surface.
Mercury: This was the name of the Roman god of trade, merchants,
and travelers, later equated with the Greek god Hermes. This is also
the name of the first planet in the solar system.
saturn
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Planet Saturn Name is from the roman god of agriculture. Saturn are also called the gas Giants.
Saturn is the second biggest planet on the solar system. Saturn is also famous because of its rings
the rings of Saturn are made of mostly rocks and ice in Saturn there are like 53-60 Moon’s. Planet
Saturn Name is from the roman god of agriculture. Saturn are also called the gas Giants. Saturn is
the second biggest planet on the solar system. Saturn is also famous because of its rings the rings of
Saturn are made of mostly rocks and ice in Saturn there are like 53-60 Moon’s.
Volume:744 More than Earth
Mass: 95 times more than earth
Distance from sun: 1.429.000.000. Kilometers
Distance From the closest planet: Jupiter and Saturn are about 680 million miles.
Wide: about 7330 km
Thickness: less than 100 meters
A rings: Distance from Saturn: 75,913 - 84,988, Width: 9,072
B rings: distance from Saturn: 57,166 - 73,06, width:15,485
C rings: distance from Saturn: 46,390 - 57,166, width:10,874
D rings: distance from Saturn: 41,570 - 46,298 width: 4,660
F ring: Distance from saturn:87,104 width:19-331.
Most of the rings of Saturn are made of ,Dust, ice, and solid rocks.
If you are living on Saturn you will weigh more than you are in earth because the gravity are less
than it is on earth so if you weight 20 kl in earth but in Saturn is 22 kl so the difference is only about 2
Kl.
Year’s:29.45 years
Speed: 9.69 km
Revolving: 10,759 Earth days
Earth
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Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a
variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique
from all other planets.
In astronomy mythology , Earth’s Greek name was
Gaea.
The Earth is the biggest of all the terrestrial planets.
A terrestrial planet is a dense planet found in the
inner Solar System.
Our planet is an oasis of life in an otherwise
desolate universe.
The layers are:
Core: Innermost part of the earth
Mantle: 2nd layer of the earth
Crust: Outer layer of the earth
stars
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Diameter : 0.057 arcsecond
Mass : 1.2 solar mass
Temperature : 2,740 ± 190 K
Its distance from Earth is 178 ± 10 lihght years .
Eventually a star will run ot of hydrogen fuel and will start fusing with
helium and other gases and elements.
Medium-sized stars like our Sun will eventually die by shedding their
outer layers as a planetary nebula. The core will collapse into a white
dwarf, which will eventually cool into a black dwarf.
The oldest star discovered is HE 1523-0901, which is estimated 13.2
billion years old.
Some stars are 600,000 times brighter than our sun.
65% of all stars are actually doubled stars.
The closest star to earth is Proxma Centauri (except sun), is located
4.2 light years away.
The second closest star to Earth is Barnard star that is 6 light years
away.
There are 250 billion stars in the milky way galaxy.
mars
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Mars name is after the Greek God of war Martius and Martialis.. Mars
were called the red planet because most of the rock in Mars in red so
that’s why Mars is called the red planet.
Mars has higher mountains, and deeper canyons than any other planet.
The largest canyon on Mars would stretch from New York City to Los
Angeles on the Earth. That makes the Grand Canyon look tiny. It also
has the Solar System's biggest volcano, Olympus Mons, which is
nearly 3 times larger than Mount Everest. If you weighed 70 pounds (32
kg) on the Earth, you would weigh about 27 pounds (12 kg) on Mars.
The diameter in Mars is 6.780 km(4,213 miles). That makes 53%
diameter in earth. Mars is 228.000.000km away from the sun. Martian
years is equal to 1.8809 earth years
Mars spin on it axis every 24.63 hours. Mars orbits Sun in 687 Earth
day. Mars spin vertically by 25.2. Mars orbit is highly eccentric
compared to that of Earth, which means that its distance from the sun
varies more during a Martian year. A Martian day is 42 minutes longer
than Earth day. Mars have 2 moons. First moon is called Deimos moon
the second is called Phobos moon. The weight of Mars is 639E21kg of
0.107 earth mass
galaxies
Galaxy is the result of more than billions of star combining
themselves into shapes that is now known as galaxy. It is
a collection of stars, gas, and dust combine together
because of gravity.
 The name Milky Way galaxy came from the name milky,
which means the glowing band in the night sky.
 Andromeda is the largest galaxy. It contains about 30
smaller galaxies. Although it is the largest galaxy, it may
not be the heaviest and darkest of all galaxy in the galaxy
neighborhood.
 Sunflower galaxy is a spiral galaxy. It is also known as the
Messier 63. It is about 25-37 million light years distant in
the loyal constellation. It has a bright yellowish core and
sweeping blue spiral arms and dotted with pink star. The
Sunflower galaxy was discovered by Pierre Mechain on
June 14, 1779.
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Size/mass/diameter of Mars &
Distance from the sun
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Mars has higher mountains, and deeper canyons
than any other planet. The largest canyon on Mars
would stretch from New York City to Los Angeles on
the Earth. That makes the Grand Canyon look tiny. It
also has the Solar System's biggest volcano,
Olympus Mons, which is nearly 3 times larger than
Mount Everest. If you weighed 70 pounds (32 kg) on
the Earth, you would weigh about 27 pounds (12 kg)
on Mars. The diameter in Mars is 6.780 km(4,213
miles). That makes 53% diameter in earth. Mars is
228.000.000km away from the sun. Martian years is
equal to 1.8809 earth years
The closest planet with Mars
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The closest planet with Mars is Earth.
Because Mars is beside Earth. The
distance with Earth is 54.6 million miles.
It takes 50 thousand years to get there
with Earth technology. No one ever go to
Mars. People only had go to the moon.
Properties & Temperature in
Mars
The properties in Mars are all rocks. The
color of the rocks are red. That’s why when
we see Mars it looks like the whole planet
are full with red. That’s why it called the red
planet. All of the gasses are also red. It
combined with the rock dust and it mixed
with the gasses. So it turned it red.
 Mars temperature is -55 c to -133 c. but
when it is summer the temperature went up
to 27 c
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Motion, Mars weights, & Moon
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Mars spin on it axis every 24.63 hours.
Mars orbits Sun in 687 Earth day. Mars
spin vertically by 25.2. Mars orbit is highly
eccentric compared to that of Earth, which
means that its distance from the sun varies
more during a Martian year. A Martian day
is 42 minutes longer than Earth day. Mars
have 2 moons. First moon is called Deimos
moon the second is called Phobos moon.
The weight of Mars is 639E21kg of 0.107
earth mass
Connection
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If we went to Mars it will be friezing
because the surface of mars is -120 c to
-25 c. Once you put water in Mars and a
second it will be gone. Because the
water is in under the ground. Or maybe
the water can be friezing because of the
temperature.
Year, Month, and day
1 year in Mars is around 687 day in
earth.
 1 day in mars is 24 hour and 39 minutes
earth.
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Planet comparison
If you weighed 70 pounds (32 kg) on the Earth, you would
weigh about 27 pounds (12 kg) on Mars.
 Mars temperature is -55 c to -133 c. But when it is
summer the temperature will go up to 27 c. In Earth the
highest temperature is 56.7 c and the lowest will be -86 c
 The properties in Earth is rocks and soil, Fossil
(underground), animals, living things and wood. The
properties in Mars are all rocks. The color of the rocks are
red. That’s why when we see Mars it looks like the whole
planet are full with red. That’s why it called the red planet.
All of the gasses are also red. It combined with the rock
dust and it mixed with the gasses. So it turned it red.
 In Mars it would be freezing if you were in Mars but in
Earth humans can still handle it but on Mars we wouldn’t
handle it
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conclusion
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Earth is the best planet for living’s thing
to live because other planet do not have
oxygen atmosphere and water so we
should take care of earth by not
destroying it and not wasting earth
material that mother nature has give us
like steel,gems,gold,mineral,rubber etc
THANK YOU
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