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Nabhasa Yogas
G.K. Goel, India
“If one has realized one’s self here, truth
is fulfilled; if one does not realize one’s self
here, it is a supremely GREAT loss. Reflecting
upon the self in every experience the wise
transcend this world and immortality (Self)”.
-Kenopanishad, Cp2 (5)
Each planet, Rasi (Sign) and Bhava
(house) are assigned natural signification
(Naisargika Karkatva). Similarly, the each
nativity also has its own natural signification
as a whole. This signification is indicated by
Nabhasa Yogas.
What is the universe? The
Bhagwatam Purana says the Universe is
beginningless, endless (Sanatana) and
immortal cycle of Karma. It has only two
fruits (1) Renunciation - be part of the one
(Self), (2) or be part of the immortal cycle
of Karma (unending Vasanas).
All Jeevas (living beings) are a part of
this immortal cycle of Karma. No one
seems to be aware of the purpose of human
existence. Most of the human beings crave
to get something material, something
gross, and something substantial. Humans
are attracted by superficiality like other
creatures, but in a more sophisticated
Ancient seers and sages had
experienced within themselves deep
personal knowledge of the Self. Sound
logic and reason supported every
statement. They went about it with
K. Goel is an Engineer by profession
and his interest in Astrology goes back
since last four decades. He is regularly
conducting the classes at 'Astro Research
Org. Delhi’ since 1991 and was an honorary
faculty member for the refresher courses
conducted in 'Lal Bahadur Sanskrit
Vidyapeeth (a deemed University) under
the auspices of UGC. His articles are
published in many leading journals and
contributing to many astrological sites. The
present article is the result of his in depth
study of the subject and placed these yogas
in a completely different light. These are
the basic yogas and should be studied at the
initial stage of synthesis of any nativity. It is
our earnest belief that readers will be
immensely benefit from this review of
Nabhas yogas which is placed in
completely new light"
mathematical precision. They teach us “Action is the insignia of life.” The law of life
proclaims that none can remain even for a moment without performing activity. Everyone is
made to act helplessly according to one’s own inner temperament. Natural law indicates that
if one chooses to remain idle one is petrified and perishes.
The basic nature of man is the cumulative effect of all his past thoughts, desires and actions. Past
activities are the cause. Present nature or constitution is the effect. This is indicated by Nabhas
Vedic astrology divides the Karma (action) in three categories namely:
(i) Sanchit - Total accumulated Karma or remaining unexhausted Karma Phala
(Fruits of action) from all previous births. These are identified with the help of
various Yogas formed in the nativity.
(ii) Prarabdha - Bhagya (Fate and Destiny) - This is indicated by various Dasas
(directions) operating at a given time.
(iii) Kriyaman - Actions that manifest into fruits in a given period on a specific time of
the life of individual. These are ascertained with the help of Transit of planets.
The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from its root Yuj, which means to join, to unite. In
astrology, Yogas means a special planetary combination, which reveals inherent inclinations,
possibilities of political power and influence, wealth, asceticism, misery, debts, dishonesty,
corruption etc. If special Yogas for aristas or misfortune are present in a horoscope, the
person will face miseries in life, even though according to ordinary astrological rules, such a
horoscope is a promising one. Thus extensive knowledge of Yoga is very necessary for
proper assessment of horoscope’s indications.
There are innumerable Yogas expounded in Jataka Granthas. Dr. Sukhadev
Chaturvedi, head of the astrology department of Shri Lal Bahadur Sanskrit Vidyapeeth,
New Delhi, made a compilation of 832 main Yogas. Even, these do not include such Yogas
which are based on some specific principles like :(1) Yogas of two, three planets and so on,
(2) Yogas in Vargas, (Divisional Charts), (3) Raj Yogas, (4) Sanyas Yogas, (5) Female Jataka
Yogas, (6) Yogas for finance and poverty, (7) Yogas for service and business, (8) Yogas
based on Char Karakas, (9) Yogas based on Pada Lagans and (10) Graha Arudhas.
Prashna Marga gives the following definition on the formation of astrological Yogas of
various categories in Chapter 9:
LFkkurks Hkkor% LFkkuHkkouHkÜpjSA
LFkku HkkolHk;ksxkn~Hkko[kspj ;ksxr%AA49AA
;ksxk% L;q% ifM~o|k% LFkku[kspjkH;ka rq lIre%A
mPpewyf=kdks.kkfn xzgk.kka LFkkueqP;rSAA50AA
Hkkok yXukn;% izksDrk% [kspjk HkkLdjkn;%A
HkkoLFkkuxzgS% izksDrs ;ksxs ;s ;ksxgsro%AA5AA
Rs”kka oyh ;% drkZ L;kRl ,okL; iQyiznkAA52AA
“There are seven ways for formation of various Yogas: (I) Those formed by position,
(ii) by houses, (iii) by planets, (iv) formed with the help of all the three - position, houses
and planets, (v) by position and houses only, (vi) by position and planets, (vii) and those
formed by houses and planets. The position means the placement in 12 Rasis (signs)- Aries
etc. (The signs are also identified as Exaltation, Mool -Trikona etc. for planets). The houses
mean the 12 houses commencing from the Ascendant (Lagna). The planets mean the nine
planets Sun etc. The combination of these constituents causes the formation of various
Yogas of different categories.
The strongest constituent in forming a particular Yoga is called the “Yogakarta” and it
is this which gives the results of Yoga (in its directional period-dasa and during transit).
‘Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra’ is an ancient and extremely comprehensive treatise on
Vedic Astrology. In fact, this book lays down the basic fundamentals of Indian Astrology.
Maharishi Parasara narrated this Shastra to his disciple Maitraye around 1800 B.C.
(According to Vishnu Purana, V.E. point was in first quarter of Krittika Nakshatra in that
After describing the characteristics and effects of (i) planets, (ii) signs-rasis, and (iii)
houses or bhavas (in fact Sixteen Division Charts are basically bhava charts of different
categories), Maharishi Parasara expresses the importance of Yogas in following words as a
concluding remark in Chapter 36 of ‘BPHS’:”
,oa Hkkokf/iR;su tUeyXu'kkfngA
'kqHkRoe'kqHksRoa p xzgk.kka izfrikfnre~ZAA45AA
izU;kukZi iqu;ksZxku~ ukHklknhu fofpUR; oSA
nsfguka p iQya okP;a izo{;fe p rkuge~AA46AA
“Up till now, I have explained the methods to judge the auspicious and inauspicious
results of planets based on the twine principles: number one, based on the ascendant
(Lagna), the rising sign at the time of birth; and number two, based on the lordship of the
houses. However, there are different categories of Yogas like Nabhasa Yoga etc., which are
to be considered in depth before arriving at a final judgment and prediction for a nativity.”
Parasara has, therefore, laid extra emphasis on the consideration of Yogas, out which
the Nabhasa Yogas attain an apex position.
There are 32 main Nabhasa Yogas, which are classified in four categories.
The word “Nabhasa” means the sky. As such, the Yogas are formed in the sky with the
help of all the three constituents, namely all the seven planets (excluding Rahu and Ketu),
all the 12 signs and the 12 houses (including all shodhas vargas - 16 divisional charts), are
called the Nabhasa Yogas. In these Yogas, all seven planets participate simultaneously.
Each nativity will have at least one yoga out of 32 main Nabhasa Yogas.
The main question which arises is that why are only seven planets are considered and
Rahu and Ketu are excluded? There are fundamental reasons for excluding these two
Chhaya Grahas (nodes of the moon). This aspect needs to be examined in some detail as it
contains the key to understand the purpose and utility of the Nabhasa Yogas.
The Jeeva or the individual soul or self is in reality Pursha, who operates in this world
through the causal, subtle and gross (physical) body. The causal body is the combination of
soul and the mind (manah) - the sun and the Moon. This represents the creative principle in
the Universe .The causal body is constituted of mere desires (Vasanas). Therefore this body
is the seed of one's personality in the unmanifested form. The causal body manifests and
functions itself as the subtle (astral) body (the linga sareer), which operates with the help of
five senses of perception represented by Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn. In other
words, the subtle body is composed of feelings, emotions and thoughts generated on account
of accumulated Vasanas from past births. Thus, the linga sareera represents the personality
of an individual. This personality functions through the Gross body.
Nabhasa Yogas indicate basic traits and personality represented by the subtle body. The
subtle body is like a sapling. It can be made to grow any way one likes. Similarly, the
indications given by Nabhasa Yogas can be changed, modified or molded into any direction
based on the vibration generated by the placement of Rahu and Ketu along with other Yogas
in the nativity operating from time to time.
The causal and subtle body operates through the Gross body. The gross body is like
fully grown tree, which cannot be modified. As much, you can change or modify your
feeling, emotions and thoughts manifesting in the Gross body, if you can control at the level
of the subtle body, which supports the Gross body. Thus, Nabhasa Yogas contain and
provide basic information that ultimately helps the individual to operate and use his own
free will for the improvement of his lot.
Parasara narrated 32 Nabhasa Yogas. These are divided in four categories; there (3) are
called Ashraya Yoga, two (2) Dala Yogas, twenty (20) Akriti Yoga and 7 (seven) Sankhya
Yogas. These 32 Nabhasa Yogas again have 1800 different varieties (sub-divisions).
These numbers-32 and 1800 are of mystic nature as they represent subtle body (and not
the gross body). The soul is immortal and never changes, it is the manah- mind that is
responsible for the cycle of Birth and death, creation and destruction.
The Moon returns to the same point in the Zodiac in about 18.60 years, (which is the
sidereal the period of Rahu and Ketu). If 32 is divided by number 1800, the remainder will
always be 14. The number 14 represents 14 bhuvans (mansions) in which soul reappears as
jeeva to exhaust his accumulated karma. Therefore, these numbers indicate the universal and
immortal cycle of Karma.
Even, in the days of Varaha-Mihira and Kalyan Varma, the Nabhasa Yoga are given
due importance. But, it is little surprising that Saravali says;
;ouk|SfoZLrjr% dfFkrk ;ksxkLrq ukHklk ukEukA
v"Vkn'k 'krxqf.krkLrs"kka }kf=ka'kfng o{;[email protected]
"Yavan and other Acharyas indicated 1800 Nabhasa Yoga. I, Kalyan Varma indicate
their 32 main categories."
Bhattotpala in his famous commentary on ‘Brihat Jataka’, mentions that he could not
get the opportunity to study such monumental work- "Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra".
There was a state of neglect of Nabhasa Yogas in last 1500 years. We have even
forgotten that Parasara was actually the original and primary source of information on
Nabhasa Yogas.
This article is mainly based on following classics:
1. "Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra, translated by Girish Chandra Sharma-Chapter 37.
(Published by Sagar Publication New Delhi)
2. "Brihat Jataka by Varaha-Mihira, Chapter12
"Saravali by Kalyan Varma-Chapter 21
"Horaratnam" by Balbhadra, Chapter 6 (Published in Hindi by Motilal Banarasi
Das, Delhi)
5. "Hora Sara" by Prithuyasas-Chapter 19
The Sanskrit Slokas are not included is this article. These can be referred from original
The following points are very important and should always be kept in mind while
considering Nabhasa Yogas:
1. All the seven planets-Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn take
part in these Yogas. Any Yoga, which considers less than seven planets or also
includes Rahu and Ketu, will not generally be considered in the category of
Nabhasa Yoga. This principle is adopted at many places in Hora Shastra e.g. (1)
Determination of the longevity (Ayurdaya) of planets by the methods of Pindayu,
Nasargayu and Ansayu (2) Astaka Varga System.
Nabhasa Yogas basically recognize three groups of signs moveable, Fixed and
dual. The signs of a particular group always fall in angular Houses from each
other. The emphasis is not placed on the signs of exaltation, mooltrikona etc. of the
planets. This is on account of the fact that Nabhasa Yogas indicate basic traits of
personality i.e. the feelings, emotions and thoughts generated in the subtle body
(linga Sareera) on account of one’s sanchit karmas. The other Yoga tries to amend
or mould these traits.
3. Similarly Parasara gives importance to angular houses and the Graha Mallika
Yogas. All indications of the subtle body manifest in the Gross body, through the
actions of individuals. This makes the angular houses most important.
Furthermore, the angular houses are greatly influenced by the planets, which are
placed in their adjacent houses. This is the principal that makes the Graha Mallika
Yogas very important and effective.
(4) The Sun and the Moon operate on the level of creative Principle. They cannot be
branded either Malefic or Benefic while considering Nabhasa Yogas. The Sun will
act as Malefic or Benefic if it is conjoined with Malefics or Benefics respectively.
The Sun, when placed alone in a house, will act as krura (a mild malefic) as
Atman-the Soul is neither enemy nor friend of the Jeeva. The Moon is the cosmic
and pure Mother and, as such, will act as benefic; the principle of waxing or
waning Moon does not apply while considering Nabhasa Yogas.
(5) Jupiter, Mercury and Venus will act as benefic, and Mars and Saturn will act as
(6) Lordships of planets, their combustion, interplanetary war etc are also not
considered in Nabhasa Yogas.
(7) The above observations may be explained in another manner. The natural
signification of planets, signs and also houses do not change but the same manifest
with the help of other Yoga’s or placement of planets in certain houses or signs.
Similarly, Nabhasa Yogas indicate the natural traits of the personality of an
individual and these never change. These traits manifest in the life of an individual
with the help or superimposition of other Yogas. This is an important point, which
should not be lost sight of.
Nabhasa Yogas and Their Significations (Effects)
Parasara indicted following 32 Nabhasa Yogas, divided in 4 categories:
3 (Three) Asharya Yogas: Rajju, Musala and Nala.
2 (Two) Dal Yogas: Maala (Srik)and Sarpa(Bhujang).
20 (Twenty) Akriti Yogas: Gada, Shakata,Vihag(Pakshi), Shringataka, Hala,
Vajra, Yava, Kamala(Abja), Vapi, Yupa, Shara(Ishu or Vana), Shakti, Danda,
Nauka, Koota, Chattara, Dhanushi(Chapa), Ardha Chandra, Chakra, and
7 (Seven) Sankhya Yogas: Vallaki, Daama, Pasha, Kedara, Shoola, Yuga, and
The 3 Asraya Yogas
All planets occupy the movable signs
All planets occupy the fixed signs
All planets occupy the common or dual signs
The 2 Dala Yogas
Srik or Maala
Ishu or Vana
Benefic planets occupy the Kendras
Malefic planets occupy the Kendras
The 20 Akriti Yogas
All planets occupy any two adjacent angular houses
All planets occupy the 1st and 7th houses
All planets occupy the 4th and 10th houses
All planets occupy the 1st,5th and 9th houses-Trines
All planets occupy any of the other triangular house
Benefic planets occupy the 1st and 7th houses and malefic planets
occupy the 4th and 10th houses.
Malefic planets occupy the 1st and 7th houses and Benefic planets
occupy the 4th and 10th houses.
All planets occupy all the four angular houses
All planets occupy the eight houses other than angular houses
All planets occupy the four signs from Lagna (Ascendant).
All planets occupy the four signs from the 4th house.
All planets occupy the four signs from the 7th house
Ardha Chandra
All planets occupy the four signs from the 10th house.
All planets occupy the seven signs from Ascendant.
All planets occupy the seven signs from the 4th house
All planets occupy the seven signs from the 7th house
All planets occupy the seven signs from the 10th house
The 7 Sankhya Yogas
All planets occupy any seven signs
Veena (Vallaki) All planets occupy any six signs
All planets occupy any five signs
Pasha(Pushpa) All planets occupy any four signs
All planets occupy any three signs
All planets occupy any two signs
All planets occupy any single signs
All planets occupy the seven signs from a Panaphara or Apoklima house.
All planets occupy the six alternate signs from the 2nd house.
All planets occupy the six alternate signs one from the Lagna
Asraya Yoga
1. Rajju Yoga: If all the planets are situated in moveable signs (1, 4, 7 and 10), they cause
Rajju Yoga.
Effects: The native born in this Yoga will be found of wandering, will be charming,
remain in good health, fortunate in distance places (away from home) and will be of a cruel
and wicked disposition (This means- hard task master).
Parasara has given six natural characteristics or traits of the native when born with
Rajju yoga. These significations will act as catalyzing agents, whenever any other Yoga will
operate. In this manner, the overriding effects of Nabhasa Yogas may be considered.
2. Musala Yoga: If all the planets are situated in fixed signs (2, 5, 8 and 11), they cause
Musala Yoga.
Effects: The native born in this Yoga are endowed with honor, wisdom, knowledge and
wealth, will be dear to the king (i.e. persons of authority), will be famous, will have money,
sons and be of a firm disposition.
Parasara indicated 8 (eight) outstanding characteristics for a native born in this Yoga.
All these good qualities are basically on account of firm disposition. This is based on the
trait of the fixed signs, as against the moveable signs, which makes the native restless and of
a wondering nature.
3. Nala Yoga: If all the planets are situated in dual signs (3, 6, 9, and 12), they cause Nala
Effects: The native of Nala Yoga will have some kind of deformity in body parts (a
limb may be less or superfluous), will be very skillful in accumulating money, be helpful to
relatives and friends and be of a charming disposition.
The natives of Nala Yoga have a lot of flexibility, attraction and delicacy; whereas
moveable and fixed signs indicate clear-cut traits in disposition. The natives of this yoga are
not blessed with the sound body. Their fondness for amusements and multiplicity in their
behavior create considerable conflict in their minds.
(1) There are divergent views on the meaning of the word ‘Ashraya’ and also on the
formation of Ashraya Yoga. As a matter of fact, these three Ashraya Yogas are the
backbone of most of the Nabhasa Yogas.
(2) The word “Ashraya” means to depend on something .The first view therefore is
that these yogas are dependent on the nature of signs i.e. moveable, fixed and dual
and are thus called Ashraya Yoga. The other view is that other yogas depend on
Ashraya yogas. Both views have their own merits. The nature of the sign is bound
to affect the characteristics of a planet which is placed in it.
(3) The signs of the same nature always occupy houses in an angle from each other.
Most of the Nabhasa Yogas are formed on account of the placement of planets in
angular houses e.g. Gada, Shakata, Vihaga, Vajra, Yava, and Kamal. All these
Yogas will take the basic traits from one of the three Ashraya Yogas. Let us take
the example of Kamal Yoga. This Yoga is formed when all the planets are in
kendras to the Ascendant. Naturally, the results are bound to vary depending upon
whether angular signs are moveable, fixed or dual. Accordingly the effect of Kamal
Yoga will dependent on the Ashraya Yogas.Same comments are applicable to other
yogas, in which all seven planets are placed in angular houses to each other.
(4) These Yogas will be indicative of the most powerful results when formed in the angular
houses from the Ascendant. Parasara teaches five Ascendants namely - Ascendant (rising
sign), Moon, Sun, Paaka Lagna (the house in which Lagna lord is placed) and Pad Lagna.
When an Ashraya Yoga is formed with the Ascendant as Kendra, all the other four
ascending signs will also fall in angular houses. Naturally, such an yoga is bound to
generate very powerful effects. These comments would also be applicable to Gada, Shakata,
Vihaga, Vajra, Yava and Kamal Yogas in which all the planets are placed in angular
houses from rising sign.
(5) Pure Ashraya Yoga will be formed if all the seven planets occupy three angular
houses from each other. If all the planets occupy any one sign, Gola (Sankhya)
Yoga will be formed. If all the planets are placed in two angular signs, either of the
Yogas - Gada, Shakata or Vihaga will be formed. If all the planets are placed in all
the four Kendra houses, Vajra, Yava or Kamal Yogas are formed.
(6) It is important to note that whenever any Nabhasa Yoga is formed involving
angular houses (signs) from each other, the results of such Yogas will certainly be
affected by one of the three Ashraya Yogas depending upon the signs (moveable,
dual, or fixed).
(7) Ashraya Yogas can be formed when all the seven planets are placed in Kendra
(angular), Panaphara (Succedent) or Apoklima (Cadent) houses. When the planets
are placed in Panaphara or Apoklima houses, the results will be mild and may be
felt in the later part of the life.
(8) The Sun, Mercury and Venus will always be together in one sign whenever Ashraya yogas
are formed. This is true for all the Nabhasa Yogas when formed by placement of planets in
angular or trinal houses from each after. In such cases, the Sun will act as benefic.
Dala Yoga
When only benefics or malefics occupy angular houses, then two kinds of Dala Yogas are
formed. In Nabhasa Yogas, when the Sun is placed with benefic planets, it acts as a benefic.
The Sun placed with malefics or not conjoined with any planet will act as mild malefic in
Nabhasa Yogas. The Moon will always be considered as a benefic. As such Saturn, Mars and
Sun (when not with benefics) are considered malefics. Moon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter
and also Sun (When with Benefics) will act as benefics. The necessary explanations are
already given in this article
Dala Yoga basically means that benefic and malefic planets are segregated from each other.
The effect of these Yogas will be most effective when formed in Kendras from the Lagna.
(i) Maala Yoga: If all the benefics occupy three angular houses, and the malefic are placed
in houses other than the Kendras, Maala Yoga is formed.
Effects: Maala Yoga will make the native always happy, endowed with conveyance, robes,
food and other articles to enjoy life; such natives will prove to be good husbands and
will be endowed with the company of females of good character.
Parasara has brought out two points in this Yoga:
(a) Any reference house will be strengthened and endowed with good qualities if the
remaining three angular houses are occupied by benefices, whether it be the
ascendant, Moon, Sun, Paaka Lagna, Lagna Pada or any other reference point or
(b) Benefics in angular houses generate a righteous and splendorous life, free from
passion and greed.
Some authorities believe that the Moon is not included among the benefic planets in
this Yoga. This is an erroneous view. However, the Moon may also be considered as an
ascendant for this Yoga. Venus and Mercury will always be together in this Yoga. If the
Moon and Jupiter occupy two angular houses, the auspiciousness of the Yoga can be judged
by the readers themselves. This Yoga will be operative if the Moon is also in an angular
house with benefics, otherwise the Maala Yoga may not be fully effective. The Maala Yoga
will be even more effective if a benefic planet owns the sign rising in the ascendant.
(ii) Bhujang (Sarpa) Yoga: If all the malefics occupy three angular houses and the benefics
are placed in houses other than the angular ones, Bhujang (Sarpa) Yoga is formed.
Effects: The native born in Sarpa Yoga will be a crook, cruel, endowed with self-inflicted
poverty, always surrounded with miseries of all kinds, and always looking to enjoy others'
food and drink.
Such Yogas are rarely formed. There are only two malefics Saturn and Mars. When
Saturn and Mars are in an angular position and the third angle is joined by Sun (not
conjunct with Mercury or Venus), only then this yoga is formed.
(This Yoga is of a common occurrence in horoscopes and yields to adverse results if
Rahu and Ketu are placed in 4th and 10th houses, though it may not fall in the category of
Nabhas yoga ).
The Sarpa yoga generates extreme passion and greed. The other features are already
discussed under Maala Yoga.
Comparisons Between Ashraya And Dala Yogas
As explained above Ashraya Yogas are formed and operate in their purest form if all
the seven planets occupy three angular houses. If all planets are in one, two or four angular
houses, then other kinds of Akriti Yogas become more effective.
In the two Dala Yogas, the benefics or malefics should occupy three angular houses.
This means that Dala Yogas are an extension of Ashraya Yogas. In Maala Yoga, if benefics
occupy moveable, fixed or dual signs, three different kinds of Yogas are formed. The best
results will be seen when all the benefic planets are place in fixed signs in angular houses.
Similarly, Bhujang Yoga can be divided into three different categories.
As such, Dala Yogas are a different version of Ashraya Yogas.
Akriti Yogas
Parasara discussed 20 main Akriti Yogas in BPHS. The names of the Yogas are given
according to the figure that is formed due to the placement of planets in the nativity.
1. Gada Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy two successive
Gyan Mukta says:
yXukEcqSjEcquxLFkrSokZ lIrkEcjSjEcjyXulaLFkS%A
,oa prq/kZ dfFkrks xnkjO;% 'kqHkk'kqHkS% [kspjdSLrq loSZ%AA
According to Muktavali, four kinds of Gada Yogas are formed when all the seven
planets occupy successive angular houses. This means that all the planets should occupy the
1st and 4th houses, 4th and 7th houses, 7th and 10th houses or 10th and 1st house from Lagna.
However, if all the planets occupy other successive angular houses, like the 2nd and 5th
houses, 3rd and 6th houses and so on, then Gada Yoga also will be operative but the effects
will be different.
Effects: The natives of Gada Yoga will put in concerted efforts to earn wealth, will
perform sacrificial rites, will be skilful and efficient in the knowledge of Shastras and will be
endowed with wealth, gold and precious stones.
Such results are powerful if all planets are placed in houses in angles from the
ascendant. I have already explained the reasons in my notes on Ashraya Yogas that the
planets generate very powerful Yogas if placed in Kendra houses. Gada yoga natives earn
wealth by fair means and by using their skill and putting in persistent hard work. The
results will be modified according to whether the planets are placed in moveable, fixed or
dual signs. This means that the results of Ashraya Yogas are to be correlated with the above
effects. The placement of planets in auspicious or powerful houses will not over-ride the
signification of the signs. Yogas give effects with the help of the planets, houses and signs,
all put together.
Gada Yoga has another interesting feature. Whenever all planets are placed in the
adjacent angular houses from the ascendant, these planets will influence and aspect the
remaining to angular houses. For an example, if planets occupies fourth house, the native
will try to strengthen his physical existence and search for situation and people who can
offer material and moral security out of his role in the outside world (which symbolizes the
10th house). On the other hand, if planets are occupying the 10th house, the native will not
only draw away from the concern of the family and home, but he will find solace and
fulfillment in enhancing social status, career, profession and may seek honor from people of
Except in the case of Gada Yoga, when all the seven plants occupy two houses (signs), Parasara
and other Jataka Granthas have mostly indicated mixed or bad results. Such yogas are the four Akriti
Yogas namely Shakata, Vihaga, Sringataka and Hala and one sankhya-yoga namely Yupa.
2. Shakata Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy the ascendant
and the seventh houses jointly.
Effects: Shakata means some kind of vehicle. The persons born in Shakata Yoga will be
afflicted by diseases, will have ugly or diseased nails, will be foolish, will earn living by
pulling (or driving) vehicles/carts, will be poor (able to meet both ends with difficulty),
devoid of friends and relatives (as he will be always on move). Varaha Mihira says such a
person will have a mean wife. Lagna Chandrika adds that he will be clever in money matters, and
in spite of other problems, he will have a happy disposition and will have stable sources of finance.
Shakata Yoga involves the Ascendant and the seventh house, which represent the self
and partners. These houses are complementary to each other. Malefic influence indicates a
mean wife and a profession involving travel. Parasara says that the seventh house represents
wife, journey and even absence from home without any prior information. This Yoga yields
better results if malefic planets own the ascendant and benefics are placed therein. In such
an event, Lagna Pada will fall in the tenth house and the planets in the Ascendant will
provide Subha Argala on it.
3. Vihaga Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy the 4th and 10th
houses from the Ascendant.
Effects: Vihaga means bird, which always flies from one place to another. The persons
born in Vihaga Yoga will be fond of roaming, earn with the help of subordinate jobs, act as a
messenger (or tale bearer), act as a pimp i.e. sustain himself on professions which depend on
prostitution or trading in women, be shameless and always ready to pick quarrels. Lagna
Chandrika says that the native enjoys and feels happy in roaming around, in picking
quarrels and acting as a pimp for prostitutes.
The fourth house represents Mana - mind and as such controls the inclinations and
character of the individual. On the other hand the 10th house represents profession (some
authorities say livelihood of an unstable nature). When all the planets are in the 4th and 10th
houses, all the important Lagnas (except the Ascendant) will also fall in this axis i.e. Moon,
Sun, Paaka Lagna and Pada Lagna. This Yoga generates defects in character because malefics
occupy the 4th/10th axis. In the present day context, this Yoga generates an inclination for
professions like salesmanship, marketing jobs, modeling, and prostitution, indulgence in sex
activities etc. The above results shall accrue if malefics and benefics are mixed in two
houses. If malefics will be placed in 4th house and benefics are in 10th house, the person will
earn money by fair means but indulge in notorious activities. However in the reverse case,
the person may be a dacoit, swindler etc, but will be of a charitable disposition. Ashraya
Yogas will modify the effect according to the nature of the signs placed in angular houses.
If all the planets are placed in opposite houses, say 2nd and 8th, 3rd and 9th, 5th and 11th,
or 6th and 12th, the results will be worse than in Shakata and Vihaga Yogas.
It may be pointed out that in these Yogas, the Sun, Venus and Mercury will always
occupy one house, and the placement of the Moon, Jupiter, Mars and Saturn will generate
different kinds of effects. As in Kendra houses, the Moon and Jupiter will form a Gajakesri
Yoga, a stable source of income is foreseen in both the Yogas, inspite of poverty and other
defects. Such persons will not cheat others unless influenced by Rahu/Ketu or by other
adverse Yogas.
Parasara has indicated four different kinds of Yogas, when all the seven planets occupy all the
four angular houses. These Yogas are Vajra, Yava, Kamal and Vaapi. Horasara indicates three
Yogas namely Mangala, Madhya and Kleeba. Kamal and Mangala Yogas are the same. Yavana
Jataka makes two additional divisions of Vaapi Yoga, namely Madhya Yoga (when all planets are in
Panphara houses) and Kleeba Yoga (when all planets are in Apoklima houses).
4. Vajara Yoga: If all the benefics occupy the Ascendant and 7th house and malefics
occupy the 4th and 10th houses, Vajra Yoga is formed.
5. Yava Yoga: If all the malefics occupy the ascendant and 7th house and benefics
occupy the 4th and 10th houses, Yava Yoga is formed.
These are very important Yogas and have far-reaching implications. Varaha Mihira in
Chapter 12, Sloka 6 says:
iwoZ'kkL=kuqlkjs.k ek tzkn% Ñrk%A
prqFkZHkous lw;kZTKflrks Hkor% dFke~AA
“I have described the Vajra and other Yogas adopting the view of former writers. How
can Mercury and Venus occupy the 4th sign from the Sun?”
I wish to make following observations on these Yogas:
(1) The objection of Varaha Mihira is valid. Some authorities tried to prove the validity of
the Yoga in a roundabout manner. Such explanations do not have much worth when
Varaha Mihira raises the finger of doubt based on some specific principle. It appears
that Varaha Mihira objects on two specific grounds; number one, Mercury and Venus
cannot fall in angular houses from Sun and number two, that the Sun is a malefic and
falls in same category as Saturn and Mars. The first objection is based on an
astronomical reality which cannot be wished away by giving any argument.
(2) With regard to the validity of second objection, the following observations are to be
examined. Parasara originally narrated these Yogas around 1800 B.C. Satyacharya and
other authorities had adopted them. Sage Parasara was surely aware about such
objections. I have already given reasons in the Introduction of this article, that the Sun
will act as a Kurura (not malefic) when placed alone or with malefics. The Sun will act
as benefic when placed with benefics. Mars and Saturn will always act as Malefics .The
Moon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter will always act as benefics. Under the
circumstances, Vajra and Yava Yogas are fully operable and their formation is not
affected by the presence of the Sun with benefics i.e. with Venus and Mercury. Jaimini
Updesh Sutras also accepts the Sun as a benefic and considers it a malefic only in
special circumstances.
(3) There are some other interesting and special features In Vajra and Yava Yogas. Malefics and
benefics are segregated in these Yogas like in the two Dala Yogas. In Vajra Yoga, benefics
occupy the 1st and 7th house axis and in Yava Yoga the 4th and 10th house axis. Parasara has
given a very specific condition for Kamal Yoga that no angular house should be vacant and
malefics and benefics should be placed mixed together and not in segregated form. In Gada
Yoga the planets occupy adjacent angular houses but there is no such condition that malefics
and benefics should he placed either in a mixed or segregated condition, whereas for Vajra and
Yava Yogas there is no specific condition that all the four houses should be occupied. This gives
the following interesting possibilities:
(a) If either Ascendant or seventh house is occupied by all benefic planets and
similarly either the 4th or 10th house is occupied with all malefic planets, the
effects of Gada Yoga will be operative duly modified by Vajra Yoga. (This means
that the malefics and benefics are placed in a segregated condition but also forming
Gada yoga.)
(b) Similarly, if either the Ascendant or seventh house is occupied by malefics and
either the 4th or 10th house is occupied by benefics, the effects of Gada Yoga will
be operative, duly modified by Yava Yoga.
(c) The further modification of these results will be necessary according to Ashraya
Yoga, depending on whether moveable, fixed or dual signs are placed in the
angular houses.
(d) Vajra and Yava Yogas will operate fully if all the angular houses are occupied.
(e) If only three angular houses are occupied, the effect of Asharya Yogas will be more
(f) Similarly, in Dala Yogas, the condition is that three angular houses are occupied by
either benefics or malefics, but then the planets should be placed in a segregated
manner. Parasara has not put specific emphasis that all the three angles should be
occupied (unlike Kamal yoga where all angular houses must be occupied). Let us
take the example of Maala yoga. From the Ascendant or any other house, if the
other three angular houses (it may be either one or two or all the three) are
occupied by benefics and these houses are not occupied by malefics, Maala Yoga
will be operative. Of course, it would be more effective if all three angles are
occupied. Let us suppose that if all the three angular houses from a malefic plant
are occupied by all the benefics, then the Dasa of the malefic planet will not be
adverse. In the case of Vajra yoga, if all the malefics are placed in the 4th or 10th
house (either one of the two houses) and benefics occupy both the 1st and 10th
houses, a partial effect of Maala Yoga will be operative and the adverse results will
be considerably reduced. Similarly, if benefics are placed in one house and malefics
occupy both the other houses, the adverse results will grossly increase on account
of the partial effects of Sarpa Yoga. At the same time, Ashraya Yogas will be
operative in full as only three angular houses are occupied.
Ashraya, Dala, Gada, Sakata, Vihaga, Vajra, and Yava Yoga are formed based on
angular houses; as such these Yogas are inter-dependent on each other and should not be
viewed in isolation.
Effects of Vajra Yoga: The native born in this Yoga will be happy, valorous and
charming in the beginning and at the end of his life. In the middle position of his life and
during his young age, he will be devoid of desires and fortunes and will be villainous and
inimical to people.
All Jataka Granthas have followed Parasara and narrated almost similar results for
Vajra Yoga. The affliction to the 4th and 10th houses makes existence difficult in middle age
and generates bad character.
Effects of Yava Yoga: The native of this Yoga is happy in the middle portion of his life,
is endowed with wealth and progeny, is of a charitable disposition and has firmness of mind.
Due to the auspicious influence on the 4th and 10th houses, the native will observe fasts and
religious rites and has Satvika feelings. Such a native suffers grief and sorrow in the
beginning (childhood) and at the end of life i.e. in old age.
Auspicious influences on the 4th and 10th houses brings peace of mind and the native
enjoys excellent mental and physical health. Malefic influences on the ascendant and
seventh house bring disease, miseries and sorrow in childhood and in old age particularly
after the age of 54 years. This Yoga is more beneficial in middle age if ascending sign is
owned by benefics. If the ascending sign is of dual nature, the native will suffer from some
kind of permanent disability in the body.
6. Kamal Yoga: Kamal Yoga (Yavan Jataka calls it Mangla Yoga) is formed when all
the seven planets occupy all the four angular houses from the ascendant. No angular house
should be vacant. Further, malefics and benefics should be mixed with each other.
Effects: This is a rare but very powerful Yoga. All Jataka Granthas accept the view of
Parasara. In Indian mythology the lotus is a symbol of purity, beauty and elegance. Parasara says that
a native born in Kamal (lotus) Yoga will be endowed with grandeur and be virtuous, long-lived, free
from untimely death, very famous and pure, will perform hundreds of auspicious deeds and be ruler of
the earth. Yavanacharya says that such a native will do auspicious acts during his whole lifetime and
will be an able and powerful orator. He will have beautiful and auspicious progeny, be long-lived and
In fact, Kamal Yoga has the capability to purify the person and take away all the evils
generated by other Yogas. God incarnate, Lord Rama had 5 planets in the Kendra houses. (I
have not come across any horoscope so far having all the seven planets in all the four angular
7. Vapi Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy houses other than the
angular houses. (In Vapi Yoga, all the planets should not be confined either to Panphara or Apoklima
houses only).
Effects: The person born in Vapi Yoga will be skilful in accumulating wealth and also skilful in
earning wealth, will be endowed with enduring wealth and happiness, be blessed with progeny, will
enjoy art, dancing and surroundings which are pleasing to the eyes and will live like a king. Varaha
Mihira says that such persons will live in moderate comfort over a long period, will be able to invest
his savings in secured investments, and be a miser. Jataka Bharana says that such persons are skilful
in earning wealth, are famous in their community, happy, proficient in some skills, beautiful but enjoy
happiness at a moderate level.
This is a common Yoga found in many nativities when seven planets fall in eight
houses other than the angular houses. The results will vary to a great extent from native to
native. For example, if the Ascendant lord occupies the 6th, 8th or 12th house, the miseries in
life may increase, whereas placement of the Ascendant lord in a trine, the 2nd or 11th house
will be beneficial. This is the reason, why the Jataka Granthas have given different results.
On the other hand, if most of the malefics occupy the 3rd and 6th houses and the benefics
occupy the 2nd, 5th, 9th and 11th houses, this Yoga will yield better results.
Horasara gives the following two Yogas (as an additional version of Kamal and Vapi yogas):
7(a) Madhya Yoga: When all the planets occupy panaphar (2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th) houses,
Madhya yoga is formed.
Effects: The native of this Yoga will live in other countries, be troubled by relatives
and be timid in nature. He will not have lasting wealth, will have few issues and will be in a
bad state at the time of death.
7(b) Kleeba Yoga: When all the planets occupy Apoklima (3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th) houses,
Kleeba Yoga will be formed.
Effects: The native born in this Yoga will be grieved, will live away from his birthplace,
be in the company of mean women and be fond of disputes. He will have a short life and his
death may occur in a distant place away from home.
Kamal, Madhya and Kleeba Yogas are generally not found in horoscopes. I feel that
even if 5 or 6 planets are in angular houses from each other, these Yogas will be operative to
a great extent. The results of these Yogas should be read along with Ashraya Yogas, because
angular houses will have signs of a similar nature. Jupiter and Saturn occupy angular houses
at an interval of about five (5) years, when the formation of such Yogas are possible.
Yogas Based On Placement In Trinal Houses
8. Shringataka Yoga: Shrinagataka Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy
trines from Ascendant (1st, 5th and 9th). (The placement of planets in even two trinal houses
from the Ascendant will make this Yoga operative, because shringataka means horns.)
Effects: The native born in Shringataka Yoga will be fond of quarrels, study in battles,
be of happy disposition, dear to the king (i.e. influential persons in society), endowed with
an auspicious wife, otherwise he may have an inimical disposition towards women. Varaha
Mihira says that such persons will be slaves to their wives.
In general this Yoga generates auspicious, prosperous and happy results. This is
basically on account of the presence of Jupiter in a trine, from where it also aspects the other
two trine houses. Mercury, Venus and Sun will always be together in this Yoga. This Yoga
is possible when Saturn and Jupiter are trine to each other. Such a combination occurs at an
interval of about seven (7) years.
9. Hal Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed in trines to each other,
except the trines from the Lagna, i.e. when all the planets occupy the 2 nd, 6 th and 10th houses,
or the 3 rd, 7 th, and 11th houses or the 4 th, 8 th and 12th houses.
Effects: Such persons earn money after putting in a lot of physical labor, have a big
appetite (gluttonous), are penurious, lead a miserable life, earn their livelihood by agriculture
and upbringing of animals (like cow, horses, sheep etc.), work like a servant. As a matter of
fact, such persons earn their livelihood after putting in a lot of hard work and labor.
This is a combination of trade and commerce with the help of relatives and friends.
Each trinal placement, of course will give different effects. However, Jataka Granthas give
only general results for this Yoga.
Important Note
It may be noted that when Jupiter and Saturn are conjunct, there arise possibilities of formation
of many powerful yogas, which require the position of all the planets in angular or trinal houses. This
is the reason why the conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn brings epochal and far-reaching changes in
society. These conjunctions occur every 20 years with an advance of about 123 degrees from previous
conjunction. This conjunction occurs in the same sign after about 60 years with a mean advance of
about 9 degrees from the previous conjunction. In about 794 years, Jupiter and Saturn conjoin almost
on the same degree (the difference may be one degree only). As such Saturn and Jupiter control
Epochal events with a cycle of about 20 years, 60 years and a final cycle of 794 years. These
conjunctions always bring far-reaching effects when they occur in the sign of Aries. In the last 120
years these conjunctions occurred on April 18, 1881 at the 10th degree, on October 20, 1940 at the 20th
degree (when both the planets were retrograde), again on February 15, 1941 at the 16th degree, and
finally on May 28, 2000 at the 29th degree in the sign Aries . The twentieth century (52nd century of
Kaliyuga era) has seen, without any iota of doubt, epoch-making changes in the field of scientific
achievements and unprecedented changes in social order all over the world.
The importance of Kamal and Shringatak Yogas may be looked at from this point of view also, as
these Yogas are controlled by the cycles of Saturn and Jupiter. Maharishi Parasara may have
indicated powerful effects for these yogas on account of such considerations.
10. Yupa Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed in the first four
houses from the Ascendant (i.e. in 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th houses). Parasara has not imposed the
condition that all the four houses should be occupied, but the Yoga will be most effective if
all the houses are occupied and no house in between is unoccupied. (If one house is vacant,
Shoola Yoga, a Sankhya Yoga, will be more effective).
Effects: The persons born in Yupa Yoga will have spiritual knowledge, will be
interested in doing sacrificial rites (Yajnas), be endowed with wife and valour, interested in
keeping fasts and other religious observations and be distinguished.
All Jataka Granthas have given similar auspicious results for Yupa Yoga. There is a
rule for Graha Maalika Yogas that the house from where Yoga commences, controls the
good effects of the Yoga. In Yupa Yoga, the Lagna should be powerful. The above
auspicious results will be felt in full measure if the Ascendant, 2nd and 4th houses are
occupied by benefics and the 3rd house by malefics.
11. Shara (Arrow) Yoga: When all the seven planets occupy four houses from 4th house
(i.e. 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th houses), Shara Yoga is formed. Varaha Mihira calls it Ishu or Vana
Effects: The person born in this Yoga will be a maker of arrows, be the head of a prison,
will earn money by hunting animals in forests, be a non-vegetarian (tamasic food), be of a
violent disposition and a creator of low class and rough handicrafts. Varaha Mihira adds that
such persons will indulge in torture.
The persons of such Yogas generally indulge in activities like manufacturing weapons
for unlawful objectives. Their handiwork will lack refinement and fine skill. In case the 4th
house is auspicious and powerfully disposed, this yoga will lead to favorable results.
12. Shakti Yoga: When all the planets occupy four houses from the 7th house (i.e. 7th, 8th,
9th and 10th), Shakti Yoga is formed.
Effects: This Yoga signifies denial of wealth, the native will be unsuccessful in
undertakings, miserable, have a mean and lazy disposition, be cruel, well-versed in the art of
war, in the modern context be adept in winning arguments or convincing others, be of a firm
disposition and will ultimately obtain good results. Varaha Mihira says the person will not
be skilled in work and will be without money and comfort.
Parasara’s views are more balanced. According to him, such persons will ultimately win
the day on account of their firm disposition and capability and determination to convince
13. Danda (Stick) Yoga: When all the planets occupy four houses from the 10th house
(i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th and 1st), Danda Yoga is formed.
Effects: Such persons will be away from wife, children and their own wealth, may have
to adopt cruel methods, live away from their relatives and friends, be miserable, and may
even serve mean people. Varaha Mihira says that such persons will be separated from
persons affectionate to them and will not hesitate to earn their livelihood by employing low
class means.
In Sanskrit, Danda is indicative of persons who roam away from place of birth in the
search of livelihood. In olden days this was a bad indication and the evils attached to such
circumstances are mentioned in this Yoga. In the modern age such a Yoga may prove a boon
for persons who try to settle or visit distant lands for their livelihood. In horoscopes in
which the 10th, 11th, 12th and 1st houses are occupied, the native either settles down in a foreign
country or may visit foreign countries frequently to earn money.
Graha Maalika Yogas
When planets occupy five or more than five consecutive houses, such Yogas are called
Graha Maalika Yogas. In Nabhasa Yogas Rahu and Ketu are not considered. Parasara
indicated only four Yogas of this category, namely Nauka, Koota, Chhatra and Chaapa
Yogas. Yavan Jataka and Bhavartha Ratnakar by Shri Ramanujacharya includes other Graha
Maalika Yogas. I am including all these Yogas for the benefit of the readers.
14. Nauka Yoga: If all the seven planets occupy the seven houses commencing from the
Ascendant, Nauka Yoga is formed.
This Yoga will give full effects if all the houses from the Ascendant to the seventh
house are occupied. However, it is essential that the ascendant and seventh house should be
occupied for Nauka Yoga to be operative.
Effects: The persons born in this Yoga will depend for their livelihood on water-born
minerals, pearls, creatures etc., (these days fishing and dealing in pearls and coral etc. is a big
industry), and they will be wealthy, over-ambitions, famous and renowned. On the negative
side, the native will be cruel, miserly, greedy and avaricious.
In this Yoga all the planets are placed in the invisible half of the horoscope. Jataka
Bharana says that such natives also have thievish tendencies. All the planets placed in five
consecutive houses are a common occurrence. However, it is rare find a configuration when
all the seven planets are placed in seven consecutive houses. This is the reason that
Kalasarpa Yoga (i.e. when all the seven planet are on one side of Rahu-Ketu axis) is found
commonly in many horoscopes.
15. Koota Yoga: When all the seven planets occupy houses from the 4th to the 10th house
this Yoga is formed.
Effects: The person of Koota Yoga will be unreliable in speech, will be head of a prison
or one who will be in-charge of bonded labour, may encounter liquidity problems, be crafty,
cruel, and will live on hills and in fortresses (meaning large villas).
These persons are generally honoured, reputed, employ lot of bonded labour, but do not
hesitate to earn money by questionable means.
16. Chhatra Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed from the 7th to
the Ascendant, i.e. in the visible half of the nativity.
Effects: The person born in this yoga will provide protection to his family members and
associates, be kind, will be very dear to the influential people in society (i.e. kings, ministers
or persons of high status), will have excellent intelligence, be happy in the beginning and
end of the life and be long lived.
As the planets are placed in the visible half of the nativity, such persons will be of great
excellence, good fortune in profession, obtaining favors from government and other
organizations etc. If the 10th house is occupied by benefics, they will also enjoy a good life
even in their middle age.
17. Chaapa Yoga: When all the planets occupy houses from the 10th to the 4th house,
Chaapa Yoga is formed. Saravali and Yavan Jataka also call it "Varnuka Yoga".
Effects: The natives of Chaapa Yoga will not speak the truth, will provide protection to
thieves and criminals (in modern terminology they may resemble underworld dons), they
themselves will indulge in criminal activities, will wander in forests, be devoid of fortune, be
happy in the middle part of their lives. However, Varaha Mihira and other Jataka Granthas
say that they will happy at the end and in the beginning of their lives.
The planets placed in angular houses will control the fortunes of the native.
Graha Maalika Yogas From Yavan Jataka
(1). Shayani Yoga: This Yoga is formed if all the planets are placed in five houses
commencing from the Ascendant. (In Yupa yoga, all planets are placed in four houses from
the Ascendant)
Effects: The natives of Shayani Yoga will get lot of honor on account of the fame and
prominence of their families and they will be endowed with lasting happiness,
(2). Jangal Yoga: This Yoga is formed if all the planets are placed in five houses from
the 4th house.
Effects: The natives of this Yoga are generally adept in serving others.
Such a Yoga is prominent in housewives, in well-to-do families. They try to look after
their families well. Such persons enjoy helping their kith and kin.
(3). Nishrayani Yoga: If all the planets occupy five houses from the 7th house,
Nishrayani Yoga is formed.
Effects: These persons are very clever, act as ambassadors and traverse a lonely path.
They sometimes get trapped or deceived by others.
This is a very powerful Yoga as its name suggests. Nishrayani means leader. Such
persons rise in life due to their intellectual abilities and persuasive skills. They always rise if
they work in groups.
(4). Kunta Yoga: If all planets occupy five houses from the 10th house, Kunta Yoga is
Effects: If this Yoga starts from the Sun in the 10th house, the person is full of fighting
spirit and shines like the Sun. Otherwise a person of this yoga will be of fiery disposition
and be able to overcome all adversities.
Kunta means a spear with a pointed sharp edge. Such persons therefore fix their eyes on
a specific goal in life and are able to win over all adversities
(5). Pankti Yoga: When all the planets occupy six consecutive houses commencing
from the Lagna, 4th , 7th or 10th house, Pankti Yoga is formed. These Yogas are called Nagar
Effects: If this Yoga commences from the Lagna, the person enjoys a status like a king,
but if this Yoga commences from 4th, 7th or 10th house the person enjoys a status like a
minister. These persons enjoy urban social life.
(5a). Pankti Yogas of different kinds are formed when all the planets occupy six houses
in consecutive order. It commences from any house other than an angular house (1st, 4th, 7 th
or 10th). Such Yogas are simply called Pankti Yogas (but these Yogas do not fall into the
category of Nagar Yoga.)
Effects: These persons also enjoy life, but depend for their prosperity on agricultural
proceeds and animals. They are able to fulfill all their desires and use their knowledge for
productive work. On the negative side, they do not have any set goal in life i.e. they lead
town or village life as it comes to them.
Note: Ramanujacharya says that Graha Mallika Yoga occupying five, six, seven, eight
or nine houses will be fortunate provided the Yoga starts from the Lagna or the Sun. He
suggests the presence of all nine planets including Rahu and Ketu. However, as we are
discussing Nabhasa Yogas only, Rahu and Ketu are not being considered. The following
points should be kept in view while considering Graha Maalika Yogas.
(1) The commencing house is most important and controls the effects of the Yoga to a
large extent.
(2) If the Yoga starts from an angular house, or a powerful Sun, it yields auspicious
and powerful results.
(3) If the planet in commencing house is weak, the Yoga will not yield good results.
(4) Dr. B. V. Raman gives a table in his translation of Bhavartha Ratnakar, which is
reproduced below for ready reference:
Starting house of
Graha Maalika Yoga
(1) Lagna
King, commander, wealthy,
(2) 2 house
Very wealthy, dutiful, resolute, unsympathetic
(3) 3 house
Ruler, rich, sickly, surrounded by brave men
(4) 4 house
Charitable, liberal, wealthy
Malicious and famous
(5) 5 house
(6) 6 house
Greedy, somewhat poor
(7) 7 house
Coveted by women and influential
(8) 8 house
Poor and henpecked
(9) 9 house
Religious, well-to-do, mighty and good
(10) 10 house
Respected, virtuous
(11) 11 house
Skilful and lord of lovely women
(12) 12 house
honored, liberal and respected
Parasara also narrates the following yogas:
18. Ardha Chandra Yogas: Ardha Chandra Yogas occur when all the seven planets
occupy seven houses commencing from any house other than the angles (i.e. the 2nd, 3rd,
5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 11th or12th). Thus if we begin from the 2nd house, the first Ardha Chandra
Yoga will be formed when all the planets occupy the 2nd to the 8th houses. These Yogas are
eight in number.
Effects: The person born in Ardha Chandra Yoga will be fortunate, the general of an
army (means that he will command over people), will have a splendorous body, be a favorite
of the king, be strong and be endowed with gems, gold and armaments (according to
Parasara is of the view that the seven planets should occupy all the seven houses.
However, this Yoga will manifest even if five houses are occupied consecutively. In some
cases, it is found that either Rahu or Ketu occupy the intervening house. Even though such a
Yoga will not fall in the category of Nabhasa Yogas, but powerful effects of Graha maalika
Yoga will be felt. As suggested by Ramanujacharya, Graha Maalika Yoga operates even if 5,
6, 7, 8 or 9 houses are occupied by eight planets. As Ardha Chandra Yogas commence from
Panphara or Apoklima houses, it gives prominent results in young or old age respectively.
Note: Many learned savants in astrology maintain that Kala Sarpa and Kala Amrit
Yoga’s are not mentioned in any ancient Hora Granths. Graha Maalika And Ardha Chandra
Yogas Paved The Basis Of These Yogas. When ever, all the planets are placed (particularly
in consecutive houses) on one side of two points which are 180 degree away will give rise to
such yoga’s."
19.Chakra Yoga: If all the planets occupy six alternative houses commencing from the
Ascendant, Chakra Yoga is formed.
Effects: The person of this Yoga will be either an emperor or a greatly honored saint
whose feet even the kings, bearing crowns studded with bright stones, will bow their heads
to. This Yoga is formed when all the planets are in odd houses (i.e. 1 st, 3 rd, 5 th, 7 th, 9 th and
11th houses). If odd signs occupy these houses, the emperor will be of widespread fame, will
have a powerful disposition and be wealthy. This combination is more suited for emperors.
If all the planets are in even signs, the person will be of gentle manners, have sweet speech
and good intelligence. The latter combination is more suited to saints. Chakra Yoga
basically gives a lot of power, authority and influence over others.
20. Samundra Yoga: If all the planets occupy six alternate houses commencing from the
2 house, Samundra Yoga is formed.
Effects: The person born in Samundra Yoga will be endowed with many precious
stones and much wealth and splendor; will enjoy all kinds of pleasures, be very popular
among people, will have sons, a radiant personality and lasting wealth.
In fact, this is a combination of wealth and a splendorous life.
Sankhya Yogas:
These are seven in number. I give below these Yogas in tabular form:
(1) Gola Yoga
all planets in one sign
(2) Yuga Yoga
in two signs
(3) Shoola Yoga —
in three signs
(4) Kedara Yoga —
in four signs
(5) Pushpa Yoga —
in five signs
(6) Dama Yoga
in six signs
(7) Veena Yoga
in seven signs
Before discussing these Yogas, it would be advantageous to discuss their special
(1) One or another Sankhya Yoga is always present in every horoscope. I may be
permitted to say that Sankhya Yoga has its own effect on each nativity and acts as
a catalyst. It may not be forgotten that Nabhasa Yogas are indicative of a
combined Karakatva (signification) of the nativity. They do not give results
directly but with help of other Yogas.
(2) If any particular Sankhya Yoga is present, then the chart is to be carefully scanned
to see which other Nabhasa Yogas are present and operating. Suppose any one of
the Yogas like Kamal, Vajra, and Yava is present, then the effects of Kedara Yoga
will be felt at some stage. For example, if Gada Yoga is operating, the effects of
Yuga Yoga will definitely manifest at some stage.
(3) Gola, Yuga and Shoola Yogas generate adversities in the native's life, while the
remaining four Yogas help in generating even Raja Yogas, if other conditions are
(4) It may always be remembered that Nabhasa Yogas do not operate in isolation of
each other, but try to be co-operative with each other. In all Yogas formed by the
angular position of planets, Ashraya Yogas will be operative. Whenever the
malefic and benefic planets are segregated from each other, the effects of Dala
Yoga will be felt. Sankhya Yogas will modify the effects all other Yogas. There
should not be any doubt about it.
Effects Of Sankhya Yoga
1. Gola Yoga (all planets in one house). Jataka Granthas have given diverse results: The
person of Gola Yoga will be strong, be devoid of wealth, learning and intelligence, be dirty,
be always sorrowful and miserable. Hora Sara says such persons will have a short life, have a
defect in some limb, will be devoid of relatives, wife and sons. Hora Sara further says that if
the above Yoga is formed in the Ascendant, 9th, 10th or 11th house, the above results will not apply.
Mythological literature indicates that Meghnath, the son of Ravana, had Gola Yoga in
the 11th house.
2. Yuga Yoga: Such persons will be hypocrites, be devoid of wealth, right conduct,
progeny and mother and be declared outcasts by society. Hora Sara says that such persons
will be disabled, harsh in speech and shameless, will incur debts, be short lived, and have
lack of ability.
The effects of this Yoga are generally bad. If Gada, Shakata and Vihaga Yogas are
formed without involving angular houses, the effects of Yuga Yoga will be felt more
3. Shoola Yoga: Shoola means thorn. Such persons will be sharp but devoid of means to
achieve success in life, violent in behavior, rejected and scorned by society, very brave and
get fame in war (fights). Hora Sara says that such persons will be clever and will pursue
many vocations to earn their livelihood, be sickly, earn by sale and purchase, and will be
childless in spite of two marriages (meaning that they may not be happy or lucky with
regard to progeny).
These persons are very crafty and are ruled by expediency only. Their wealth and profession is
never steady. When any Ashraya Yoga is present involving three angular houses from the Ascendant,
a cunning or crafty statesman is born, famous for his machinations. Their wealth and fame will
always vary in sine waves and such persons are really very tough and difficult to deal with.
The above three Sankhya Yogas do not always yield good results. Even other good and
auspicious Yogas are overshadowed by these Yogas. In case all the planets are placed in three
houses in Kendras or trines from the Lagna, then the effects of Shoola Yoga will be
neutralized to a great extent.
4. Kedara Yoga: Such a person will be a benefactor to others, will earn name and fame
by his own efforts, agricultural products will be the mainstay of his livelihood, he will be
truthful, happy, dutiful, will be sluggish in taking decisions (if other good Yogas are present,
then he may act after giving due consideration to all aspects), will earn honors and wealth.
Most powerful Nabhasa Yogas are formed when all the planets are in four angular
houses. In such a situation Kedara Yoga becomes operative automatically. This is one of the
very auspicious Yogas. When the planets are placed in four consecutive houses, Kedara
Yoga will again become operative.
Now the effects of three Yogas, when all the planets are placed in five, six or seven
houses, will be explained. These Yogas will enhance the good results of Graha Maalika
Yogas and help to generate Raj Yogas.
5. Paasha Yoga: Paasha is rope, which is used to tie, to bind together or to restrict. The
person with Paasha Yoga will be burdened with many responsibilities and expenses, be
skillful in work, will have a crafty disposition, and will have many servants and a large
family to support. On the negative side he will be very talkative and be devoid of virtues and
good manners.
This Yoga is a mixed bag. On account of their crafty nature, such persons land
themselves into trouble with authorities. Girish Chandra Sharma says that if the Ascendant
lord is placed in the 2nd Drekkana of Scorpio (Paasha Drekkana) in the 6th, 8th, and 12th house,
it forms a Yoga for imprisonment.
In Graha Maalika Yogas when planets are placed in five houses and if the commencing
sign is occupied by benefics and is strong, the native obtains good results, otherwise this
Yoga can give a lot of problems as Paasha Yoga, which is also formed, starts showing its
6. Daamini Yoga: Paasha may represent a rope, which is equivalent to a noose also.
Dam or Daamini indicates money or a group of things. This is an auspicious Yoga. The
persons born in Daamini Yoga will be thoroughly gentle, helpful to others, will have
righteously earned wealth, be very affluent, famous, endowed with many sons and gems (or
sons who will be like gems in society), will have fortitude and be learned. He will be devoted
to public welfare and be a noted scholar.
7. Veena Yoga: Such a person will be a lover of songs, dances and musical instruments,
be skilful and of happy and loving disposition. He will be the chief among his own family,
wise and expert. He will love the right things and will be full of enthusiasm.
Some additional Nabhasa Yogas are given in Hora Sara, Yavan Jataka and Vridha
Yavan Jataka. These Yogas are given below for the benefit of readers.
1. Safal Parvat Yoga: This is a kind of Maala Yoga. When all the benefic planets occupy
the 1 , 7th and 10th houses, and malefics are placed in the other houses, Safal Parvat Yoga is
Effects: The person of this Yoga is very powerful and influential like a king. This is a
good Yoga for successful politicians.
2. Kalash Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the malefics occupy the 1st, 7th and 10th
houses and benefics are placed in the other houses.
Effects: The person of this Yoga will accumulate a lot of material wealth and will work
for the upliftment of good people of saintly disposition. (Such results are possible if the
Ascendant lord is powerfully disposed and the 4th house is under benefic influence.)
3. Dola Yoga: When four planets occupy the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th houses and the other
three planets occupy the remaining three Kendras, then Dola Yoga is formed. (Dola means
roaming about here and there).
Effects: Such a person enjoys travelling and remains happy and prosperous.
4. Pipeelika Yoga: This Yoga is formed when benefics occupy the 6th and 12th houses
and malefics are placed in the 3rd and 9th houses.
Effects: These persons are devoid of property and wealth. (This is a kind of Vajra
5. Garta Yoga: When malefics occupy the 6th and 12th houses and benefics occupy the 3rd
and 9th houses, Garta Yogas formed (it is opposite to Pipeelika Yoga).
Effects: Such persons are always unhappy, worried about others and poor.
6. Nadi Yoga (River Yoga): When benefic planets occupy the 5th and 11th houses and all
the malefics occupy the 2nd and 8th houses, Nadi Yoga is formed. (Nadi means small river.)
Effects: These persons are lucky, live like kings, and travel in auspicious Nakshatras
(meaning that they enjoy travelling for good and auspicious undertakings).
7. Nad Yoga: When malefics occupy the 5th and 11th houses and benefics occupy the 6th
and 8th houses, this Yoga is formed.
Effects: Such persons are very wise and blessed with sons (6th and 8th houses provide
unobstructed and benefic Argala on the 5th house of wisdom and progeny).
8. Varaha Yoga: When all the planets occupy the 1st, 4th and 5th houses, Varaha Yoga
will be formed.
Effects: Such natives will command land, wealth, happiness and wisdom.
9. Kantaka Yoga: When all planets occupy the 2nd, 3rd and 4th houses, Kantaka Yoga is
Effects: Such natives will be wealthy and learned but short lived, and will have no
Varaha and Kantaka Yogas fall in the category of Soola (Sankhya) Yogas. Varaha Yoga
yields better results.
10. Sankha Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets occupy the 1st, 4th, 9th and 11th
houses. This is a kind of Kahala (Sankhya) Yoga.
Effects: Such persons will be a repository of virtues, brave and well versed in the
Nabhasa Yogas indicate the natural significations of the nativity. As such the results
are not felt directly or straightaway. This can be explained by an example. Saturn is the
significator of grief, servants, hard work and foresight. If Saturn is placed in the Ascendant
in sign Aries, the native will be required to put in a lot of hard work but he will get only
grief in return. However if Saturn is placed in the seventh house in Libra, he will gain
wealth and comfort in return for his efforts and labor. Similarly, the signification of
Nabhasa Yogas will manifest and depend on the other Yogas in the nativity.
Dr. B. Suryanarian Rao, in his commentary on Brihat Jataka quotes Bhattotpala:
"Rich men may have external objects for enjoyment, but their minds may be greatly
affected and they may feel themselves miserable, through various other causes. Poor men
may have external marks of misery, but at heart they may feel quite happy and contented.
Happiness and misery (wealth and poverty, health and disease) are relative terms and are
made so by the bent of mind the man possesses and the view he takes of the presence of evil
and good about him.”
Thus, the overall signification of a nativity, indicated by Nabhasa Yogas, will manifest
and amend itself according to other Yogas. These effects will be felt in directional periods
and transits.
One has to cultivate art of prediction with the help of Nabhasa Yogas, because these
Yogas indicate the personality of the astral body.
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