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LINK TO YouTube.com: OXANA, FERAL CHILD • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sO_ywvNPzIk&feature=related SOCIALIZATION • is the process of learning culture and becoming aware of yourself as you interact with others. Men are less sexually faithful to their partners than women because of biological differences between the sexes. A. Agree B. Disagree 0% gr ee is a D A gr ee 0% Darwin’s Evolutionary Theory 1. The characteristics of members of each species vary widely. 2. Species members with more adaptive characteristics are more likely to survive until reproduction. 3. Therefore, the species characteristics that endure are those that increase the survival chances of the species. The Logic of Sociobiology 1. Identify a supposedly universal form of human behaviour. 2. Make up a story about why this behaviour increases survival chances. 3. Assert that the behaviour in question cannot be changed. Number of Sex Partners by Respondent’s Sex, USA, 2002 (in %) male female number of sex partners 0 or 1 79 90 more than 1 21 10 100 100 1,004 1,233 total n Number of Sex Partners by Respondent’s Sex, USA, 2002, Married People Only (in %) male female 95 5 100 499 99 1 100 534 number of sex partners 0 or 1 more than 1 total n THE MALE STUD SOCIAL MEDIATION • • • • EATING CULTURE HUNGER ANOREXIA SOCIALIZING AGENTS • • • • Family Schools Peer groups Media and technology HABITUS • Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002) HABITUS: a psychic structure composed of a set of unconscious dispositions that include patterns of thought, outlook, sensibilities, and taste. ORIGINS OF THE HABITUS • DEVELOPS OVER OUR LIVES AS A RESULT OF OUR SOCIAL STATUS IN THE SOCIETY AND THE ACCUMULATION OF SOCIAL INTERACTIONS PARTICULAR TO THAT STATUS. • STATUSES INCLUDE THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH RACE, CLASS, ETHNICITY AND GENDER AUNT RUTH, 1965 MARGE SIMPSON’S BEEHIVE AUNT RUTH 1975 BOURDIEU’S CLASS HABITUS • *Middle-Class: teens acquire a habitus commensurate with their class position, including the valuing of education, appreciation for abstract thinking and cultural production (like art), and an orientation to the world that emphasizes power and control. • *Working-Class: teens acquire a habitus including the value of practical work (e.g., the trades), concrete thinking over abstraction, an orientation to the world that emphasizes “getting by”, without the expectation of achieveing power.