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LINK TO YouTube.com: OXANA, FERAL CHILD
•
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sO_ywvNPzIk&feature=related
SOCIALIZATION
• is the process of learning culture
and becoming aware of yourself as
you interact with others.
Men are less sexually faithful to their
partners than women because of
biological differences between the
sexes.
A. Agree
B. Disagree
0%
gr
ee
is
a
D
A
gr
ee
0%
Darwin’s Evolutionary Theory
1. The characteristics of members of each
species vary widely.
2. Species members with more adaptive
characteristics are more likely to survive
until reproduction.
3. Therefore, the species characteristics
that endure are those that increase the
survival chances of the species.
The Logic of Sociobiology
1. Identify a supposedly universal form of
human behaviour.
2. Make up a story about why this behaviour
increases survival chances.
3. Assert that the behaviour in question
cannot be changed.
Number of Sex Partners by
Respondent’s Sex, USA, 2002 (in %)
male
female
number of sex partners
0 or 1
79
90
more than 1
21
10
100
100
1,004
1,233
total
n
Number of Sex Partners by
Respondent’s Sex, USA, 2002,
Married People Only (in %)
male
female
95
5
100
499
99
1
100
534
number of sex partners
0 or 1
more than 1
total
n
THE MALE STUD
SOCIAL MEDIATION
•
•
•
•
EATING
CULTURE
HUNGER
ANOREXIA
SOCIALIZING AGENTS
•
•
•
•
Family
Schools
Peer groups
Media and technology
HABITUS
• Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002)
HABITUS: a psychic structure
composed of a set of unconscious
dispositions that include patterns of
thought, outlook, sensibilities, and
taste.
ORIGINS OF THE HABITUS
• DEVELOPS OVER OUR LIVES AS A RESULT
OF OUR SOCIAL STATUS IN THE SOCIETY
AND THE ACCUMULATION OF SOCIAL
INTERACTIONS PARTICULAR TO THAT
STATUS.
• STATUSES INCLUDE THOSE ASSOCIATED
WITH RACE, CLASS, ETHNICITY AND
GENDER
AUNT RUTH, 1965
MARGE SIMPSON’S BEEHIVE
AUNT RUTH 1975
BOURDIEU’S CLASS HABITUS
• *Middle-Class: teens acquire a habitus
commensurate with their class position,
including the valuing of education, appreciation
for abstract thinking and cultural production (like
art), and an orientation to the world that
emphasizes power and control.
• *Working-Class: teens acquire a habitus
including the value of practical work (e.g., the
trades), concrete thinking over abstraction, an
orientation to the world that emphasizes “getting
by”, without the expectation of achieveing power.