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General Instructional Objectives
Chapter 1. Basic Concepts About Matter
1.1 Chemistry: The Study of Matter.
Describe scientific Laws, Theory, Model, Hypothesis.
Describe the interrelationship of chemistry with other fields of science and medicine.
1.2 Physical States of Matter.
Describe the properties of the solid, liquid, and gaseous states.
1.3 Properties of Matter.
Recognize the interrelationship of the structure of matter and its physical and
chemical properties.
1.4 Changes in Matter.
Classify observed changes in matter as chemical or physical.
Provide specific examples of physical and chemical properties.
1.5 Pure Substances and Mixtures.
Classify matter as pure substances, and mixtures.
1.6 Elements and Compounds.
Classify pure substances as element, compound.
1.7 Discovery and Abundance of the Elements.
Describe elements as stable and unstable atoms.
Describe the abundance or elements in the Universe and the in the earth crust.
Describe the abundance or elements in the human body.
1.8 Names and Chemical Symbols of the Elements.
Describe how names are and atomic symbols are given to elements.
1.9 Atoms and Molecules.
Describe atoms and their size.
Describe the molecules as homo-, di- , hetero-, and ploy-atomic and Describe how
molecules are formed.
Describe how molecules ions are formed
1.10 Chemical Formulas.
Describe how chemical formula is given to an element and a chemical compound.
Describe how the number of atoms of each elements in the chemical is obtained form
the chemical formula
Chapter 2. Measurements in Chemistry
2.1 Measurement Systems
Describe the major units of measure in the English, metric, and SI systems, and be able to
convert the units from one system to another.
2.2 Metric System Units
Describe the prefixes such as k, M, etc., used to make measurements u of length(mm, cm,
km), mass(μg, kg) and volume etc., lager or smaller.
2.3 Exact and Inexact Numbers
Describe the difference between exact and inexact numbers.
2.4 Uncertainty in Measurement and Significant Figures
Describe uncertainty and significant figures and how they are obtained for a measurement.
Decribe the difference between
Chemistry at a Glance: Find the Significant Figures.
2.5 Significant Figures and Mathematical Operations
Describe how you obtain significant figures in calculation involving
Describe how you obtain significant figures in calculation involving
Describe how you round off an answers in a calculation.
Round off an answer to correct significant figure after carrying out
involving addition or subtraction.
Round off an answer to correct significant figure after carrying out
involving multiplication or division.
addition and subtraction.
multiplication and division.
a mathematical operation
a mathematical operation
2.6 Scientific Notation
Describe how to write a measurement/number in scientific notation and maintain significant
Report data and results using scientific notation to the proper number of significant figures.
Describe how you convert decimal to Scientific notation.
2.7 Conversion Factors and Dimensional Analysis
Describe unit conversion factors involving length, mass, volume, energy and temperature.
Describe how dimension analysis of units are used in a calculation.
Chemistry at a Glance: Practice unit conversion Factors using factor labeled
2.8 Density
Describe the density of materials how they are calculated.
2.9 Temperature Scales and Heat Energy
Describe the Celsius, Kelvin and Fahrenheit temperature scales.
Describe how a temperature in Celsius scale is converted to, Kelvin or Fahrenheit
and vice versa.
Describe heat energy and how they are measured in calories, dietary calories and
Chemical Connections: Describe Body Density and Percent Body Fat and Normal
Human Body Temperature
3. Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
3.1 Internal Structure of an Atom
 Summarize the experimental basis for the discovery of charged particles and the nucleus.
 Describe the subatomic particles and how they arranged in the internal structure
of the atom.
 Describe the basic properties of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
3.2 Atomic Number and Mass Number
3.2 Describe and define atomic and mass numbers
 Calculate the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in any atom.
 Distinguish among atoms, ions, and isotopes.
3.3 Isotopes and Atomic Masses
 Describe isotopes of an element how they affect physical and chemical
 Describe how an average atomic mass of an element in the periodic table is
Chemistry at a Glance: Atomic Structure and how big is an atom?
3.4 The Periodic Law and the Periodic Table
 Describe periodic law and how Mendeleev constructed periodic table fro
 Describe the modern periodic table and, groups, periods, in the table.
3.5 Metals and Nonmetals
Describe the place of metals, metalloids and nonmetals in the periodic table.
3.6 Electron Arrangements within Atoms
 State the basic postulates of Bohr's theory.
 Describe the first model, the Bohr model of arrangement of electrons in shells
(orbits) around a nucleus of an atom.
 Describe how Bohr models explain absorption and emission of light from atoms.
 Compare and contrast Bohr's theory and the more sophisticated "wave-mechanical"
 Describe the extension of shell model of to include sub-shells and orbitals.
Chemistry at a Glance: Shell, Sub-shell and Orbital Interrelationships
3.7 Electron Configurations and Orbital Diagrams
Describe how you obtain atomic electronic configuration for an element in the
periodic table.
 Describe how you obtain ionic electronic configuration for an element in the
periodic table.
 Describe how you obtain atomic and ionic valence shell electronic configurations.
 Describe how you obtain atomic and ionic valence shell orbital diagrams.
3.8 The Electronic Basis for the Periodic Law and the Periodic Table
 Describe how valence electronic configuration is related to periodic law and
arrangement of elements in the periodic table.
3.9 Classification of the Elements
 Use the periodic table to obtain information about an element.
 Describe the classification of elements in the periodic table as representative
elements, transition elements, inner transition elements (lanthanides and
Chemistry at a Glance: Describe Element Classification Schemes and the Periodic
Chemical Connections: Describe heat Protium, Deuterium, and Tritium: The Three
Isotopes of Hydrogen; Importance of Metallic and Nonmetallic Trace Elements for
Human Health; Electrons in Excited States