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Medieval World Founding of Benedictine Order (530) Monasteries founded during Saint Benedict’s rule. Saint Benedict came up with many rules for the monks to follow. First Crusade (1096-1099) Emperor of Byzantium sent for help against the Turks to take back Jerusalem Rise of Universities (1150) Teachers were contracted by students Hundred Years War (1337 – 1453) French vs. English over land Invention of Printing Press (1440) Johannes Gutenber, Germany – goldsmith Codification of Early Chants (600) Example pg iii Beginning of Troubadour Period (1100) Early troubadours traveled from village to village Elite troubadours were nobles and knights who joined crusades Development of Rhythmic Modes (1200) Church modes small versions of scales Saint Gregory before becoming Pope. He opened 7 churches in Rome and 6 in Sicily . Known for his contributions to liturgy and mass One of Four great doctors of Latin Church Last part of the 12th century Not much is known about his actual life http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=gtkmnhnHWh w Notre Dame Not much known about his life Worked with Leonin http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=bpgaEFmdFc M Traveling groups outside of the church. Troubadours – S. France Trouberes – N. France Poet musicians that catered to the nobel Simple love songs to polital tunes, war to dance Jongleurs were versatile entertainers. Instruments, danced, juggled, showed animals, performed plays To common folks Traveling newspaper SECULAR MUSIC!!!