Download Circuits Resistors

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Transcript
Resistors
Equipment
•
•
•
DMM and battery eliminator
56Ω resistor, light bulb and holder, appropriate cables
Optional: Computer with voltage and current probes, hand generator
Objective
Physics Concepts
• Ohm’s Observation, V=IR
• Power, P=IV
Experimental technique
• Correctly connecting an ammeter (and voltmeter) in a circuit
Experimental analysis
• Fit curves to data to determine mathematical relationships
• Recognizing the uncertainty in measurements
Conceptual (C-Level)
Draw a schematic wiring diagram for a circuit containing a DC voltage source (battery) and a
resistive load (either a light bulb or resistor).
• Show how to connect an ammeter and voltmeter to this circuit.
• What happens if you connect a voltmeter and an ammeter incorrectly in your circuit?
EXPLORATIONS:
• Use the on-line circuit simulation to wire the simple circuit you just drew. Confirm current
flows (light turns on). Explore other circuit configurations for different resistors etc.
• Measure the resistance of the light bulb using the “Resistance/Ohm/Ω” setting on the DMM.
Calculate the theoretical power used by the light bulb when operated at 3V.
• Determine the resistance of the resistor (using color code and DMM). Calculate the
theoretical power used by the resistor when operated at 3V.
• Try connecting the voltmeter in series and observe any changes to your circuit.
NOTE: Do not connect the ammeter incorrectly.
NOTE: A voltmeter is connected in parallel with an object to measure the voltage drop across the
object. An ideal voltmeter has infinite resistance. An ammeter is connected in series to measure the
current through an object. An ideal ammeter has zero resistance. A fuse protects good ammeters
from too much current. Your DMM can be configured to read either current or voltage.
Basic Lab (B-Level)
•
•
Graph the voltage as a function of current for a resistor and a light bulb. What does your data
tell you? Please try to avoid burning out the light bulb!
Explain any discrepancies with theory and note any observations.
Advanced/Extended Lab Ideas (A-Level)
•
•
•
Measure the current and voltage as a function of time for a light bulb as it is turned on for the
first few 100 milliseconds. This requires setting up a trigger for your data collection.
Use a battery and measure the voltage and current as you decrease the resistance in a circuit.
(This is hard to do for the battery eliminator)
Explore something else that you are curious to investigate.
Steve Lindaas © (2005) (2013)
1