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Do Now What is the difference between isolationism and intervention Focus What war caused America to turn into a superpower among the nations and how does this relate to imperialism? FOCUS: Stranger Danger! How do you think your parent would react if a stranger trespassed on your property? Unit 1 Part 2: A stranger violates The Monroe Doctrine OBJECTIVE: Explain the influence of the Spanish-American War on the emergence of the United States as a world power, including reasons for America’s declaring war on Spain. World Developments Developments in other countries contributed to the United States’ emergence as a world power. Competition existed among European nations and a continuing movement for liberation in Latin America (especially Cuba) The problems in Cuba and the desire to expand capitalism led to the SpanishAmerican War Review By the early 1900s, the US entered a period of imperialism or expansionism Isolationism was a thing of the past BW: WHY WOULD AMERICA WANT TO EXPAND ITS INFLUENCE OVERSEAS? Ch. 10 Section 1 The Trouble with Cuba By the late 1890’s, Cuba was still controlled by Spain Despite rebellions, Spain kept a tight leash on Cuba In the US, newspapers used yellow journalism- exaggerations and untrue stories, to talk about what was happening EQ: How did yellow journalism cause many Americans to support US expanisonism?? “A Splendid Little War” De Lôme Letter – Spanish Ambassador from Spain sends a letter to a friend stating that “the president is weak and a bidder for the admiration of the crowd” This embarrasses and angers McKinley who responds by sending a warship to Havana harbor. The Spanish-American War officially started when a U.S. battleship, the USS Maine mysteriously exploded Some say terrorism, some say accident Congress declares war and the first place hit was the Philippines With coordinated attacks in Cuba and the Philippines, the war with Spain was fast Teddy Roosevelt, who at this time was a part of the Navy, said we needed to get involved Roosevelt lead a group, known as the Rough Riders, in the war Cuba The US forced Cuba to amend its new constitution to include language that allowed the US extended supervision in Cuban affairs. This became known as the Platt Amendment It established the Navy base at Guantanimo Bay It also gave the US military the right to intervene if Cuba was threatened by a foreign power. Unit 1 Part 3 Objective: Understand why the United States had interests and expansion in the South Pacific; the debates between pro- and anti-imperialism over annexation of US Guam, Puerto Rico, and Philippines, and changing worldwide perceptions of the United States. Other US Acquisitions The US gained Puerto Rico as a territory, not a state, in the Caribbean We also gained Guam in the Pacific Because of these acquisitions, the world opinion of the US changed from champion of liberty to colonial power. The Philippines Why go here? This was apart of expansionism Some felt we did not need to invade this country and joined the Anti-Imperialist League Despite arguments, the Philippines became an ‘unorganized territory’ under US control until 1946 What does this say about expansionism? What was the effects of U.S. expansionism into other nations?