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Anglo-Saxon Outline Trivia from 449-1066 307-1 B.C. : Roman Government • Well before the Anglo-Saxons, Rome already had a balanced government. • A republic had been created as early as 509 B.C., with a senate of distinguished citizens and assemblies made up of citizen soldiers. A.D. 1-399 : London • London grew from 2 ancient cities: – the City of London and – the City of Westminster • The Romans established the City of London as a trading center; a thousand years later, the City of Westminster (a few miles away) served as the residential area for London’s elite. 500-599 : Japanese Religion • Shinto, which involves worship of the gods found in nature and ancestors, is the native religion of Japan; however, many who practice Shinto are open to other beliefs as well. • In the 5th Century, the Japanese began importing Buddhism from China and Korea. • Today, about 75% of the Japanese practice Buddhism, a religion that seeks the attainment of spiritual freedom and inner peace. 500-599 : Paper, Books, and Printing in China • The Chinese had been writing books on bamboo by 1000 B.C. • They had invented paper by A.D. 105. • They were printing books by A.D. 591. • By 1045, they had invented movable type 700-799 : The Moors • The Moors were from northwestern Africa. • After they converted to Islam, they conquered Spain with the Arabs in the 700s and ruled there during the Middle Ages. 800-899 : Alfred the Great • In addition to being the only ruler able to successfully resist Danish invasions, he was a patron of learning who furthered the education of his people. • He invited scholars to spent time at his court. • He, himself, translated scholarly works. 900-1066 : Anglo-Saxon Chronicle • The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a history book about England from the beginning of the Christian era until the middle of the 12th Century. • It’s the first important prose (nonfiction) work written in English.