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Ancient History 10
Characteristics and the
Cradle of
Civilization
Gordon Childe’s Characteristics of a
Civilization
PRIMARY
1. Settlement in Cities
2. Full Time Specialization of Labor
3. Class Structure
4. State Organization
5. Concentration of Surpluses
Gordon Childe’s Characteristics of a Civilization II
SECONDARY
6. Monumental Public Works
7. Long Distance Trade
8. Writing
9. Arithmetic, Geometry, Astronomy
10. Standardized monumental art work
CRADLES OF CIVILIZATION
Began to take place in 4 main areas of the world:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Nile River Valley (Egypt)
Tigris-Euphrates River Valleys (Mesopotamia)
Indus River Valley (India)
Yellow River Valley (China)
As more evidence is gathered Mesoamerica is
being considered a fifth Cradle of Civilization
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt was a
civilization in the
North-eastern
section of Africa. Its
populace was
concentrated along
the lower parts of
the Nile River and is
located in what is
today Modern
Egypt.
Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia is a name for the portion of
the Tigris–Euphrates river area; in the area
that modern-day Iraq, Kuwait,
northeastern Syria and a small portion of
southeastern Turkey and southwestern
Iran.
Indus River Valley
It was a civilization
that extended over
what is today
Northeast
Afghanistan and
Northwest India.
Geographically, it
was the largest of
the early
civilizations.
Yellow River Valley
The Huang He
( pronounced
“Wahn Chee”)
River Valley
served as the
cradle of
Chinese
civilization
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