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SUMMARY OF EDUCATION WITH METHODS QUESTIONS.
Two Mark Questions
Explain what is meant by the term ‘compensatory’ education.
Explain what is meant by the term ‘triangulation’.
Explain what is meant by the term ‘ethnocentric curriculum’.
Explain what is meant by the term ‘hypothesis’
Explain what is meant by the term ‘self-fulfilling prophecy’.
Explain what is meant by the term ‘sampling frame’.
Explain what is meant by ‘social solidarity’.
Explain what is meant by ‘the self-fulfilling prophecy’.
Four Mark Questions
Suggest one advantage and one disadvantage of a longitudinal study.
Suggest two disadvantages that sociologists may find when using
unstructured interviews.
Suggest two advantages of using official statistics in sociological
research.
Suggest two problems that researchers may face when actively
participating in the group they are studying.
Suggest two social factors that could be used in the creation of a stratified
sample, apart from class.
Suggest two reasons why sociologists may use structured interviews
Six Mark Questions
Suggest three material factors that might cause working-class educational
underachievement.
Suggest three ways in which Marxists see school as being similar to the
world of work.
Suggest three functions that education may perform for individuals or
society.
Suggest three examples of easy in which pupils’ experiences of schooling
help shape their identities.
Suggest three examples of how the curriculum and/or the ways school is
organised may be ‘ethnocentric’.
Twelve Mark Questions
Outline some of the reasons why different pupil subcultures exist in
schools.
Outline some of the ways in which the labelling process may lead to
under-achievement for some pupils.
Outline some of the reasons for the educational under-achievement of
boys.
Descriptive Essays
Examine the disadvantages some sociologists may find when using
official statistics in their research.
Examine the extent to which practical issues are the most important when
selecting research methods and research topic.
Examine the problems sociologists may find when using participant
observation in their research.
Examine some of the problems that sociologists may encounter when
using questionnaires in their research.
Examine some of the reasons why some sociologists prefer to collect and
use quantitative data in their research.
Examine some of the practical, ethical and theoretical problems of using
experiments in sociological research.
Examine the strengths of quantitative data for sociologists.
Evaluative Essays
Using material……assess the claim that ‘the main function of education
is to maintain a value consensus in society’.
Using material……assess the strengths and limitations of one of the
following methods for investigating teachers’ attitudes towards minority
ethnic pupils: participant observation or questionnaires.
Using material……assess the claim that gender differences in educational
attainment are primarily the ‘result of changes in wider society’.
Using material……assess the strengths and limitations of one of the
following methods for investigating the effect of material deprivation on
educational achievement: unstructured interviews or official statistics.
Using material……assess the view that working-class under-achievement
in education is the result of home circumstances and family background.
Using material……assess the strengths and limitations of one of the
following methods for the study of gender and subject choice:
unstructured interviews or official statistics.
Using material……assess the functionalist explanation of the role of
education in modern society.
Using material…….assess the extent to which policies of encouraging
competition between schools and increasing parental choice have
improved the achievement of working-class pupils.