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Transcript
Poultry Disease Prevention and
Control for Small Flock Owners
Small Scale Poultry and Egg
Production Meeting
January 24 and 25, 2010
Escambia County and Santa Rosa County
Gary Butcher, DVM, PhD
University of Florida/ IFAS
BIOSECURITY FOR POULTRY
Commercial flocks and small flocks:
Use same techniques to prevent
disease
Same diseases threaten both
Objectives:
 Disease prevention through effective
biosecurity practices- keep diseases
out!
 If breakdown in biosecurity and disease
challenge occurs, ensure chickens are
immune competent to limit losses
Disease organisms get to other farms by one
of the above ways 90% of the time. Break
the cycle!
INVISIBLE KILLERS OF
POULTRY
Disease
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Lifespan Away from Bird
Gumboro (Bursal Disease)
Coccidiosis
Fowl Cholera
Infectious Coryza
Avian Influenza
Laringotracheitis
Marek’s Disease
Newcastle
Mycoplasmosis
Salmonellosis
Avian Tuberculosis


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Months
Months
Weeks
Hours to days
Days to weeks
Days
Weeks
Days to weeks
Hours to days
Weeks
Years
Recognizing Common
Poultry Diseases
POULTRY
COCCIDIOSIS
Intestinal parasite, common,
controlled by drugs and vaccines
INFECTIOUS CORYZA
Caused by Haemophilus
paragallinarum, very fragile
organism, common in layer
industry
FOWL POX
Viral disease, spread by
mosquitoes and direct contact,
controlled by vaccination
MAREK’S DISEASE
Viral disease, causes tumor
formation, controlled by
vaccination
CANNIBALISM
Genetics predisposition,
management factors, controlled
by trimming beak, reduced light
intensity,…
ASCARIDS AND
TAPEWORMS
Common, litter management,
treatment as needed
---Be on the lookout!---
AVIAN INFLUENZA
Viral disease, severity varies from
LPAI to HPAI, common,
vaccination may be practiced in
some situations
Conclusions
Take home message:
Goal: to prevent entry of diseases into your
flocks by use of biosecurity practices
Plan: develop and implement a common
sense disease prevention program