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Web Page Design Lessons
Lesson 1: Introduction to HTML
Lesson 2: HTML Tags
<font>
<h(n)>
<img>
<body>
<hr>
html colors
Lesson 3: HTML Tags
<marquee>
<table>
List Tags
Lesson 4: HTML Tags
Formatting tags
superscript bold
subscript
italic
&nbsp;
center
Lesson 5: HTML Tags
<forms>
<style>
<span>
<frame>
<a>
Lesson 5: HTML Tags
<div>
<style>
<span>
Web Page Design
Lesson 1: Introduction to HTML
Objectives

Define Web Page Development terms
 Understand the Web Structure of a simple web page
setup
 Know the HTML tags use in the HTML document page
structure
 Identify the parts of an HTML document
 Understand the uses and function of HTML found on
the html document page structure
 Write a simple HTML document using MS Notepad
 Create web pages with mastery of the html codes
Web Structure
Site Root Directory
(index.htm) Home Page
html documents
images
css
xml
Web Terms



HTML - short for Hyper Text Markup Language, the
language used in creating documents on the World
Wide Web..
Web Browser - A software that enables the user to
view Web pages that are created in HTML codes.
Tags - codes found inside an HTML document.
<HTML> </HTML>
<HEAD> </HEAD>
<TITLE> </TITLE>
<BODY> </BODY>
HTML document Page Structure
Explanation of document structure tags
<HTML>...</HTML>Encloses the entire HTML
document.These tags let the browser know to start
reading and displaying the information presented within.
<HEAD>...</HEAD>The <HEAD> element contains all
information about the document in general. It contains
HTML elements that describe the document's usage and
relationship with other documents
<TITLE>...</TITLE>The <TITLE> is contained in the
<HEAD> of the document. It is displayed at the top of the
browser window and on the bookmark list, so it is
important to choose something descriptive, unique, and
relatively short.
Explanation of document structure tags
<BODY>...</BODY> The <BODY> element contains all
the information which is part of the document.
Creating and Saving HTML document
Viewing your Web Page
HTML document when
typed using Notepad
HTML codes display when
viewed using a
BROWSER.
Web Page Design
Lesson 2: HTML tag
<font>
<h(n)>
<img>
<body>
<hr>
html colors
Font tag
(Text)
The text that you are going to use on your web
page is controlled by the font tag,
SYNTAX: <font>…</font>
The <font> tag attributes are:
face="font name"
size="number“ value=1 smallest to 7 largest
color="name or Hex number"
Font tag
<Html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<font face="verdana" size=4
color="blue">assumption antipolo</font>
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename:body.htm
HTML color value
HTML Color Values
HTML colors can be defined as a hexadecimal notation for the combination of
Red, Green, and Blue color values (RGB).
The lowest value that can be given to one light source is 0 (hex #00) and the
highest value is 255 (hex #FF).
The table below shows the result of combining Red, Green, and Blue light
sources:
Body tag
The <body> tag is a container where you put text
and images you want to appear of your web
page.
SYNTAX: <body>…</body>
The <body> tag attributes are:
background="image.gif"
bgproperties=“fixed"
bgcolor=“color name or Hex number“
text=“color name or Hex number"
Header Tag
The <hn> tag is use to format text on your web
pages. This tags whose function is to create
headings, subheadings titles on your page
SYNTAX: <hn>…</hn>
The (n) inside the tag represents a number from
1 to 6, which 1 is the largest and 6 is the smallest
Header Tag
<Html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<h1>assumption antipolo</h1>
<h2>assumption antipolo</h2>
<h3>assumption antipolo</h3>
<h4>assumption antipolo</h4>
<h5>assumption antipolo</h5>
<h6>assumption antipolo</h6>
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename:header.htm
Image Tag
The <img> tag allows you to add image on your
page.
SYNTAX: <img>
The <img> tag attributes are:
src=“path and name of the image file”
width=“n" in pixels and in percentage(%)
height=“n" in pixels and in percentage(%)
border=“n" in pixels.
align="center, left or right”
alt=“defines a short description of the image
title=“gives information about the image
Image Tag
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<img src="aacopy.gif" width=400px height=400px
title="aalogo" alt="aalogo.gif" border=1px>
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename:picture.htm
Horizontal Rule Tag
The <hr> tag is used to create a horizontal line
on your page.
SYNTAX: <hr>
The <hr> tag attributes are:
width=“n" in pixels
size=“n" in pixels.
align="center, left or right”
noshade
color=“name or Hex number”
Horizontal Rule Tag
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<hr width=200px size=10px noshade
color="blue" align="left">
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename:hr.htm
Web Page Design
Lesson 3: HTML tag
<marquee>
<table>
List
Marquee tag
The <marquee> display a scrolling text inside
your web Page.
SYNTAX: <marquee>…</marquee>
The <marquee> tag attributes are:
width= vertical dimensions.(value is in pixels)
height=horizontal dimensions.(value is in pixels)
direction=“left, right, up and down“
behavior=“scroll, slide and alternate"
scrolldelay & scrollamount=“speed of marquee“
bgcolor=“color name or Hex number“
Marquee tag
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<marquee>assumption antipolo</marquee>
<marquee bgcolor=#ffff00>assumption antipolo</marquee>
<marquee width=200px height=200px bgcolor=#ff0000
direction="down">assumption antipolo</marquee>
<marquee bgcolor=#00ffff behavior=“alternate">assumption
antipolo</marquee>
<marquee scrolldelay=50>assumption antipolo</marquee>
<marquee scrolldelay=50 scrollamount=100>assumption
antipolo</marquee>
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename:marquee.htm
List tags
Unordered list - display a bulleted list inside your
document page.
SYNTAX: <ul>…</ul>
<li> refers to the items that will be displayed on
your unordered list tag.
The <ul> tag attributes: (type=disc default value)
type=“square, circle and disc”
List tags
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
-----M E N U----<!------------unordered list----------------->
<ul type=square>
<li>Tinolang Manok
<li>Adobong Manok
<li>Sinigang na Manok
<li>Pritong Manok
<li>Manok na ginawang Bola
</ul>
<!------------end unordered list----------------->
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename: unordered.htm
List tags
Ordered list - display a numbered list of item
inside your document page.
SYNTAX: <ol>…</ol>
<li> refers to the items that will be displayed on
your unordered list tag.
The <ol> tag attributes: (type=1 default value)
type=“1,A,a,I and i”
List tags
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
-----M E N U----<!------------ordered list----------------->
<ol type=I>
<li>Ginataang Isda
<li>Pritong Isda
<li>Inihaw na Isda
<li>Tinapang Isda
<li>Isda na ginawang Bola
</ol>
<!------------end ordered list----------------->
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename: ordered.htm
List tags
Definition list - display a list of terms and
definition in your web page.
SYNTAX: <dl>…</dl>
<dt> refers to the terms that will be displayed
<dd>refers to the definition of the term that is
displayed.
List tags
Definition List Tag
List tags
<html>
<head><title> definition list tag</title></head>
<body>
<!--------------definition list tag----------------->
Definition of Terms:<br>
<dl>
<dt>Web Browser
<dd>A software that enables the user to view web pages that are created in HTML codes.
<dt>HTML
<dd>HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is a scripting language whose primary
purpose is to create pages that are used on the WWW (World Wide Web). HTML pages or
documents consist of codes called Tags embedded in the text of a document.
<dt>Tags
<dd>are codes in an HTML document which the internet browser reads and then interprets for
succeeding display to a reader. An HTML document should always start with the tag [HTML],
followed by the [HEAD], [TITLE] and the [BODY] that only occur once.
</dl>
<!--------------definition list tag end----------------->
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename:definition.htm
Table tag
The <table> specify a container for data the will
be viewed as tables inside your web document.
SYNTAX: <table>…</table>
Inside the <table> tag rows and columns are
included:
<tr> refers to the table row of the table.
<td>refers to the table cell of the table.
<th>refers to the table headings (text emphasize).
Table tag
The <table> Attributes:
Align=“left, center and right” default value is left.
bgcolor=“color name or Hex number“
border=“pixels” Specifies the border width. The
value="0“ displays table with no border, the
default value of the <table> tag.
cellpadding=“pixels/%” Specifies the space
between the cell walls and contents.
cellspacing=“pixels/%” Specifies the space
between cells.
Table tag
The <table> Attributes:
frame=“above, below, hsides, lhs, rhs, vsides,
box, border” Specifies which sides of the
border side will appear. The "border" attribute
can be used in specifying the width of the
border.
width=“pixels and %” specifies the width size of
the table.
Table tag
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<!--------------table tag----------------->
<table border=5>
<tr>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px
height=200px>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<!--------------table tag end----------------->
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename: table.htm
Table tag
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<!--------------table tag----------------->
<table border=5 cellpadding=30px>
<tr>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px
height=200px>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<!--------------table tag end----------------->
</body>
</html>
save this file under filename: table.htm
Table tag
Cellpadding=30px
The space between the
cell walls and the
image.
Table tag
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<!--------------table tag----------------->
<table border=5 cellpadding=30px>
<tr>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px height=200px>
</td>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px height=200px>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<!--------------table tag end----------------->
</body>
</html>
Table tag
Table tag
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<!--------------table tag----------------->
<table border=5 cellpadding=30px cellspacing=30px>
<tr>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px height=200px>
</td>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px height=200px>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<!--------------table tag end----------------->
</body>
</html>
Table tag
Cellspacing=30px
The spaces between
the cell.
Table tag
Colspan Attributes
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
<!--------------table tag----------------->
<table border=5 cellpadding=30px>
<tr>
<td colspan=2 align="center">Assumption Antipolo logo</td></tr>
<tr>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px
height=200px></td>
<td><img src="aacopy.gif" border=1 width=200px
height=200px></td></tr>
<tr>
<td colspan=2 align="center">Sumulong Highway, Antipolo
City</td></tr>
</table>
<!--------------table tag end----------------->
</body>
</html>
Table tag
Table tag
Rowspan Attributes
<html>
<head><title></title></head>
<body>
Table tag
<!--------------table tag----------------->
<table border=2 cellpadding=4>
<tr>
<td rowspan=3><img src="aacopy.gif" width=200px
height=200px></td>
<td>assumption antipolo</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>sumulong highway, antipolo city</td></tr>
<tr>
<td>tel#697-2350</td></tr>
</table>
<!--------------table tag end----------------->
</body>
</html>
Web Page Design
Lesson 4: HTML tag
Formatting tags
superscript
bold
subscript
italic
&nbsp;
center
<frame>
<a>
Formatting tags
Formatting tags allow you to add or change the
style view of your web page window.
<b>…</b>
<i>…</i>
<u>…</u>
<sup>…</sup>
<sub>…</sub>
<br>
<p>
&nbsp;
bold
italic
underline
superscript
subscript
line break
insert blank space
space
Formatting tags
<html>
<head><title)Formatting tags</title></head>
<body>
<!---------------formatting tags----------------->
Assum<b>ption Anti</b>polo<br>
Assumption <i>Antipolo</i><br>
Assumption <u>Antipolo</u><p>
Assumption <sup>Antipolo</sup><br>
<sub>Assumption</sub> Antipolo<br>
&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;Assumption Antipolo
<!---------------formatting tags end----------------->
</body>
</html>
Filename:format.html
Frameset tags
Frames allow you to subdivide your web page
window to multiple windows.
SYNTAX: <frameset>…</frameset>
The <frameset> tag attributes:
cols=“%"
rows=“%"
border=“n" in pixels.
bordercolor="color name or hex number "
frameborder="yes"|"no"
Frameset tags
The Element Frame
Defines a rectangular subspace within a
Frameset document. Each FRAME must be
contained within a <frameset> that defines the
dimensions of the frame.
SYNTAX: <frame>
The <frame> tag attributes:
name=“name”
marginheight =“n" in pixels.
marginwidth =“n" in pixels.
bordercolor=“color name or hex number”
Frameset tags
The <frame> tag attributes:
frameborder=“yes” | “no”
noresize
scrolling=“yes” | ”no” | “auto”
src=“url”>
Frameset tag
Vertical Frames (columns)
Frameset tag
Vertical Frames (columns)
<html>
<head><title>Vertical Frame</title></head>
<frameset cols=25,50,25>
<frame>
<frame>
<frame>
</frameset>
</html>
A comma-separated list of widths for
division of window in columns.
save this file under filename: vertical.html
Frameset tag
Horizontal Frames (rows)
Frameset tag
Horizontal Frames (rows)
<html>
<head><title>Horizontal Frame</title></head>
<frameset rows=25,50,25>
<frame>
<frame>
<frame>
</frameset>
</html>
save this file under filename: horizontal.html
Frameset tag
Vertical and Horizontal Frames (rows & Columns)
Frameset tag
Horizontal and Vertical Frames (rows & columns)
<html>
<head><title>Horizontal and Vertical Frames</title></head>
<frameset rows=130,*>
<frame>
<frameset cols=150,* >
<frame>
<frame>
The asterisk * replaces the
</frameset>
remaining percentage to 100%.)
</html>
save this file under filename: combined.html
Frameset tag
<html>
<head><title>Blue Page</title></head>
Filename: blue.html
<body bgcolor=”blue”>
</body>
</html>
<html>
<head><title>Yellow Page </title></head>
<body bgcolor=“yellow”>
</body>
</html>
Filename: yellow.html
Frameset tag
<html>
<head><title>Red Page </title></head>
Filename: red.html
<body bgcolor=“red”>
</body>
</html>
Frameset tag
Putting all Web Pages in ONE page
Frameset tag
<html>
<head><title>Vertical Frame</title></head>
<frameset cols=25,50,25 border=0>
<frame src=“blue.html“ noresize>
<frame src=“yellow.html">
<frame src=“red.html">
</frameset>
</html>
Anchor tags
The anchor tag <a> is used to create links to
HTML files internal (on current page or within
current website) or external (other websites)
SYNTAX: <a>…</a>
The <a> tag attributes:
* href=“Specifies a hypertext link to another
resource, such as an HTML document or
image.”
* name=“Defines a destination for a link"
Anchor tags
The <a> tag attributes:
* target=“Is used with frames to specify the frame
in which the link should be rendered or
appear.”
* title=“The text inside the double quotes will
appear when you hover over the anchor
text”
Anchor tag
Open the file yellow.html
<html>
<head><title>Yellow Page</title></head>
<body bgcolor=“yellow”>
</body>
</html>
Anchor tag
Open the file yellow.html
<html>
<head><title>Yellow Page</title></head>
<body bgcolor=“yellow”>
<a href="yellow.html">Yellow</a><br>
<a href="blue.html">Blue</a><br>
<a href="red.html">Red</a><br>
</body>
</html>
save this file
Anchor tag
Open the file combined.html with a browser
The text link
created using the
anchor <a> tag
Anchor tag
Open the file yellow.html
<html>
<head><title>Yellow Page</title></head>
<body bgcolor=“yellow”>
<a href=“yellow.html”
target=“_blank”>Yellow</a><br>
<a href="blue.html“ target=“_blank”>Blue</a><br>
<a href="red.html“ target=“_blank”>Red</a><br>
</body>
</html>
The "_blank" value opens
the new document in a
new window
save this file
Anchor tag
Open the file combined.html using notepad.
<html>
<head><title>Horizontal and Vertical
Frames</title></head>
<frameset rows=130,*>
<frame src="blue.html">
<frameset cols=150,* >
<frame src="yellow.html">
<frame src="red.html">
</frameset>
</html>
Anchor tag
Open the file combined.html using notepad.
<html>
<head><title> Horizontal and Vertical
Frames </title></head>
<frameset rows=130,*>
<frame name=“top” src="blue.html">
<frameset cols=150,* >
<frame name=“left” src="yellow.html">
<frame name=“right” src="red.html">
</frameset>
</html>
save this file
Anchor tag
Open the file yellow.html
<html>
<head><title>Yellow Page</title></head>
<body bgcolor=“yellow”>
<a href=“yellow.html”
target=“_blank”>Yellow</a><br>
<a href="blue.html“
target=“_blank”>Blue</a><br>
<a href="red.html“
target=“_blank”>Red</a><br>
</body>
</html>
Anchor tag
<html>
<head><title>Yellow Page</title></head>
<body bgcolor=“yellow”>
<a href=“yellow.html”
target=“right”>Yellow</a><br>
<a href="blue.html“
target=“right”>Blue</a><br>
<a href="red.html“
target=“right”>Red</a><br>
</body>
</html>
save this file
Anchor tag
Creating a document jump link using the <a>
name attibute.
<a href="#introduction">Introduction</a>
<b><A name=“introduction">Introduction to Web
Page Design</a></b>
Web Page Design
Lesson 5: HTML tag
<forms>
<style>
<span>
Web Terms

URL - URL stands for Uniform Resource
Locator or web page address locator.
 CGI - Stands for Common Gateway Interface
is a standard protocol for interfacing external
application software with an information
server, commonly known as the web server.
Web Terms
Example of a URL
http://www.assumptionantipolo.edu.ph/webpage/index.html.
Explanation of the URL
http:// tells the web browser that the URL is of a web page.
www.assumptionantipolo.edu.ph is the domain name of the
server where the web page is stored.
/webpage/ shows which directory the URL is located in on the
server.
index.html is the name of this actual page, with the .html suffix
indicating that the page is written in HTML.
Form tag
The <form> tag allows you to add forms to your
web pages using the form elements. Form
elements are elements that allows the interact
with the computer by entering information to the
computer. This elements are associated with the
<input> tag.
SYNTAX: <form>…</form>
The <form> tag attributes
Attribute
Value Explanation
action
url
Defines where to send the data when
the submit button is pushed.
Form tag
The <form> tag attributes
Attribute Value
Explanation
method
get
The HTTP method for
post
sending data to the action
url. The default value is
get.
method="get": This method sends the form contents in the url.
method="post": This method sends the form contents in the body of
the request.
Note: If the form values contains non-ASCII characters or exceeds
100 characters you MUST use method="post".
Form tag
How to use the <form> tag and its attributes.
• Inform the browser that you are going to
use or starting a form in your web page.
• Inform the browser what do you want to
do with the data in the form.
Form tag
<form method="post" action="mailto:your
email address">
•The command informs the browser that you are
starting or using a form.
•The command informs the browser that the
METHOD of dealing with the form is to POST it.
•And lastly, that the data should be posted to your
e-mail address using the ACTION "mailto:".
Form tag
The <input> is use to define the type of elements
will be use to enter data or information in the
computer.
SYNTAX: <input>
The <input> tag attribute
type=type of element that will be use to enter
data or information.
Form tag
Types of Elements:
button
checkbox
file
hidden
image
password
radio
reset
submit
text
Form tag
Text Element
A text area entry field allows multiple lines of entry
to be entered by the Web Surfer. Typical uses are
to provide comments the Web surfer can enter.
<form>
<input type=“text”>
</form>
Form tag
The <form> tag allows you to add a guestbook,
order forms, surveys to your web pages .
SYNTAX: <form>…</form>
<FORM>
<SELECT
onChange="document.bgColor=this.options[this.selectedIndex].value"
>
<OPTION VALUE="FFFFFF">White
<OPTION VALUE="FF0000">Red
<OPTION VALUE="00FF00">Green
<OPTION VALUE="0000FF">Blue
</SELECT>
</FORM>
Web Page Design
Lesson 5: HTML tag
<div>
<style>
<span>
Division tag
The <div> tag is use as a container for other tags.
The same use and function of the body tag. The
div elements are block elements to group other
tags together.
SYNTAX: <div>…</div>
The <div> tag attributes
id
width
height
title
style