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2nd Semester Final Study Guide, Energy, Energy Sources, Waves, Astronomy,
Earth Science, Weather, Forces
Know the following terms:
Energy
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Radiant energy
Combustion
Insulators
Solids, liquids,& gases
Heat of vaporization
Kinetic energy
Nuclear fission
Mechanical energy
Nuclear fusion (in the sun)
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy Sources
active solar heating
passive solar heating
nuclear waste
fossil fuels
photovoltaic cells
hydroelectricity
geothermal energy
tidal energy
turbines
renewable resources
nonrenewable resources
biomass
Waves
waves
transverse
seismic
frequency
amplitude
longitudinal
wavelength
reflection
refraction
interferences
medium
wavespeed
Astronomy
Asteroids
Pulsar
Main sequence star
Planets
Lunar eclipse
Rotation
Solstices
Big Bang Theory
Solar Eclipse
Earth Science
Weather
Richter scale
atmosphere
Mercalli scale
Hail
lava
Continental polar air mass
magma
Front
transform plate boundary
El Nino
convergent plate boundary
divergent plate boundary
Geiger counter
Layers of the Earth
Forces
Rock Cycle
Newton’s Laws
Subduction
work
Luster
force
Intrusive rock
Extrusive rock
Earthquake
P-Wave
Geology
Concepts to know:
Summer occurs on the hemisphere of the Earth that is ……
Examples of good conductors
Examples of insulators
If the frequency of a wave doubles, the wavelength …..
Examples of fossil fuels
Energy conversions in a hydroelectric plant.
Why alternative energy sources are needed
Examples of nonrenewable resources
Examples of renewable resources
When fossil fuels are burned, what is added to the atmosphere
Volcanic eruption can greatly ________ Earth
How clouds form
Water __________& changes to water vapor
_________ occurs due to changes in temp and pressure
What is precipitation
Winds over 120 km/h that last several weeks
Names of the planets
Ways to identify a mineral.
Speed of air masses over land and water
The direction of wind is dependent on moving from ____pressure to
_____pressure
Types of plate boundaries
Comparing different energies of waves
How to calculate wave speed
Laws of Thermodynamics
Types of interference
What is at the center of the universe?
Name the terrestrial planets
Name the Jovian planets
The reason the sun stays stable over time
Classification of stars
Which stars stay in the main sequence the longest
What supports the Big Bang Theory?
Symbols of different fronts
Factors that affect a region’s temperature
How humans affect climate change
Why people originally thought the Earth was the center of the Universe
Reasons why planets remain in orbit
Why terrestrial planets are rocky
Forces that shape Earths surface
Relationship of altitude, air pressure, and density
E=mc2
Better answer format/Possible Essays
Describe a lunar eclipse
Compare and contrast refraction and reflection
Explain why it is necessary to find alternatives to fossil fuels
Describe the rock cycle.
Where and why do mountains form in terms of tectonic plates?
How do the location of earthquakes tell us where plate boundaries are?
Short answer
Why do pipes in a heating system need to be insulated?
How do seismic waves form
Identify the part of a transverse wave
How can you tell if a house has passive and active solar heating
Which state of matter can you force into a smaller container-Explain
What happens to the frequency and wavelength of a rope if you start
shaking it more rapidly?
Why is disposing of nuclear waste a problem
How is hydroelectricity produced?
Which fossil fuel is least polluting?
What equation is used to find average speed?
What equation is used to find the velocity of a wave?
Explain what happens during a cold front, a warm front, a stationary
front, and an occluded front.
Why does biomass energy depend on the sun?
Ways a metamorphic rock can form.