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Mitigation: sector, data, information,
financial and technical services and
(sharing experiences)
Vute Wangwacharakul
Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics
Faculty of Economics, Kasetsart University
[email protected]
Basic Steps
• Preparation (Objectives, Areas,
Approaches, Resources)
• Implementation
• Finalization
Basic issues in preparation stage
• Main purposes (contribution to the Convention,
consideration of national needs and priorities)
• Read the Guidelines
• Literature review (concept, policies, Convention
• Decide on
Main objectives, outputs
Areas (sectors)
Resources need
Experiences in preparing INC
• Knew nothing about NCs and Guidelines
and political process
• Guidelines was very general and flexible
• Experienced with AI-NC and used as
• Learned more during preparation
– Capacities building/enhancement
– Continued process
– Technical/political complexity
Mitigation Study in the Initial NC
• Benefited from various relevant studies from
• Utilized relevant policy documents (e.g. national,
sectoral development plans, economic analysis
• Drew objectives based on national policies on CC
and needs and priorities (e.g. win-win policies,
sustainable development objectives etc)
• Built upon earlier studies
• Sector
– Followed inventory sector, identify technical
– Prioritized sectors to work more
comprehensively e.g. energy
– Others were more descriptive
• Data
– Unexpected constraints
– Basic data were available, more detailed data
were needed for detailed analysis
• Information
– Problems of access to information, sources of
• Financial and technical resources
– Benefited from earlier bilateral/multilateral financial
– Implemented under GEF financial support for NC
– Benefited from UNDP/NCSP
– Technical resources were available locally, mainly drew
from universities and non-profit institutes
Implementation and Finalization
• No new in-dept analysis
• Prepared the chapter based on various research
studies, highlighted climate change related issues,
national policies on CC, measures taken etc.
• Identified research gaps
• Went through several reviews and integrated into
the NC
Chapter 6 Policies and Measures
• National Sustainable Development Policy
• Policies and Measures related to Climate
– International and Regional Cooperation
– Mitigation and Adaptation
• Mitigation (Energy, Forest Sector)
• Vulnerability and Adaptation
Second NC: Mitigation Section
• Preparation
– How is the Guidelines: Basically the same as the earlier
one, although more paragraphs are given (Based on
national circumstances, sustainable development
priorities etc)
– Review recent development (stocktaking)
– identify areas of emphasis for further analysis
– Integrate the proposal into the proposal for NC
Issues to be considered
• SARs (Subject to Availability of Resources)
• Maximum exploitation of national and regional
• Integrate capacity enhancement into the NC
preparation process
– Combined effort between sectoral and climate change
• Strengthen regional cooperation in NC preparation
• Improvement of database
More things to be considered
• Technical Resources
– Make use of past experiences (NAI-NC synthesis)
– Various technical guidelines to read, choose most
appropriate ones
– Using models, should clearly understand the
mechanism of the model, conceptual
• Support
– Multilateral Agencies, bilateral cooperation
– Aim at local capacity enhancement