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Giuseppe Verdi
October 9 or 10, 1813 – January
27, 1901
Giuseppe Fortunino
Francesco Verdi was
an Italian Romantic c
omposer mainly
of opera. He was
one of the most
composers of the
19th century.
Early life
 Verdi was born the son of Carlo Giuseppe
Verdi and Luigia Uttini in Le Roncole, a
village near Busseto, Verdi went to Milan
when he was twenty to continue his
Early life
• When he was still a child,
Verdi's parents moved
from Piacenza to Busseto,
where the future composer's
education was greatly
facilitated. Also in Busseto,
Verdi was given his first
lessons in composition.Verdi
went to Milan when he was
twenty to continue his
Initial Recognition
 The production by Milan's La
Scala of his first
opera, Oberto in November
1839 achieved a degree of
success, La Scala's
impresario, offered Verdi a
contract for two more works.
 A large number of operas 14 in all - followed in the
decade after 1843, a period
which Verdi was to describe
as his "galley years".
Middle years
• Sometime in the mid1840s, after the death of
Margherita Barezzi, Verdi
began an affair
with Giuseppina. Their
cohabitation before
marriage was regarded
as scandalous, but Verdi
and Giuseppina married on
August 29, 1859,
near Geneva.
Twilight and death
• During the following
years, Verdi worked on
revising some of his
earlier scores, most
notably new versions
of Don Carlos,La forza
del destino, and Simon
Twilight and death
 In 1897, Verdi completed his
last composition, a setting of
the traditional Latin
text Stabat Mater. This was
the last of four sacred works
that Verdi composed
 Verdi's last opera, Falstaff,
whose libretto was also by
Boito, was based on
Shakespeare's Merry Wives
of Windsor and Victor Hugo's
subsequent translation.
Role in the Risorgimento
 Music historians have long
perpetuated a myth about the
famous Va, pensiero chorus
sung in the third act
of Nabucco.
 The myth of Verdi
as Risorgimento's composer
also led to claims that the
slogan "Viva VERDI" was used
throughout Italy to secretly call
for Vittorio Emanuele Re D'Itali
a (Victor Emmanuel King of
Italy),, then king of Sardinia.
Role in the Risorgimento
 Verdi was elected as a
member of the Chamber
of Deputies
in 1861 following a
request of Prime
Minister Cavour but
in 1865 he resigned from
the office. In 1874 he
was named Senator of
the Kingdom by
King Victor Emanuel II.
 Verdi's predecessors who
influenced his music were
Rossini, Bellini, Giacomo
Meyerbeer and, most
notably, Gaetano
Donizetti and Saverio
Mercadante. Although
his orchestration is often
masterful, Verdi relied
heavily on his melodic gift as
the ultimate instrument of
musical expression.
 However, it would be incorrect
to assume that Verdi
underestimated the expressive
power of the orchestra or failed
to use it to its full capacity
where necessary.
 Many of his operas, especially
the later ones are a staple of
the standard repertoire. No
composer of Italian opera has
managed to match Verdi's
popularity, perhaps with the
exception of Giacomo Puccini.
Part of Verdi's operas, and their date of première are:
 Oberto, November 17, 1839
 Un giorno di regno, September 5, 1840
 Nabucco, March 9, 1842
 I Lombardi alla prima crociata, February 11, 1843
 Ernani, March 9, 1844
 I due Foscari, November 3, 1844
 Giovanna d'Arco, February 15, 1845
 Alzira, August 12, 1845
 Attila, March 17, 1846
 Macbeth, March 14, 1847
 I masnadieri, July 22, 1847
 Jérusalem (a revision and translation of I Lombardi alla prima
crociata) November 26, 1847
• Il corsaro, 25 October 1848
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