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Transcript
3.1 Law of Sines
August 10, 2010
TRIG 3.1 ~ Law of Sines
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•
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Prove the Law of Sines
Use the Law of Sines to solve triangles.
Identify when the solution to the triangle is ambiguous.
Find the area of triangles.
We will now apply our techniques to solving oblique triangles (those with no right angles.)
How to label sides and angles:
Law of Sines: If ABC is a triangle with sides a,b,c then
a =
b = c
sin A sin B
sin C
3.1 Law of Sines
August 10, 2010
Proof: Given triangle ABC
Draw altitude CD to side AB
Let CD = h
C
b
a
A
D
c
In ∆ADC, sin A =
In ∆BCD, sin B =
Solve each for h=
h=
Example 1:
Solve for the missing sides and angle.
103º
40º
13 cm
B
3.1 Law of Sines
August 10, 2010
Example 2: What if we are looking for an angle?
Triangle MKL with ∠M = 100º
m = 15 ' k = 10'
Solve for the remaining parts of the triangle.
Example 3: The ambiguous case
Remember from Geometry the dreaded SSA?
Given triangle RST with
∠R = 40º, t = 8 cm and r = 6 cm, solve for the rest of the triangle.
3.1 Law of Sines
August 10, 2010
Finding the area of a traingle.
Area of triangle = 1/2 bh
h
b