Station 1: Explain why Egyptian civilization began in the Nile River Valley 1. wild rapids found on the Nile River. CATARACTS 2. How did these (your answer to #1) help protect the people of Egypt? Cataracts made it difficult for outside armies, invaders, etc. to get into Egypt. 3. the natural barrier that protected Egypt in the North (or in Lower Egypt) Nile River Delta 4. What additional natural feature (besides what you have listed in #1 and #3) also helped protect Egypt? desert 5. The Nile River branches out over an area of fertile soil. What is this area called? delta 6. Why was this (your answer to #5) a reason that Egyptian civilization began in the Nile River Valley? protection - it made it difficult for outsiders to get in 7. Are there any additional reasons (other than what you listed above) that caused Egyptian civilization to begin in the Nile River Valley? Explain. food, fertile soil, abundant water supply, climate, etc. Station 2: Categorize the different uses of the Nile River. 1. How did Egyptians take advantage of the Nile’s yearly spring flooding? a. They developed geometry. b.The could now live in the desert. c. They became successful farmers. d.They could grow papyrus. 2. a reed plant used to make sandals, baskets, river rafts, and paper papyrus 3. For what did Egyptians use this (your answer to #2)? sandals, baskets, river rafts, paper 4. Besides what is listed in numbers 1-3, list all other ways the Egyptians used the Nile River. irrigation, food, cleaning, drinking, bathing, trade, transportation Station 3: Sequence how multiple kingdoms united as one along the Nile River. • Look only at the side of the flashcards that has text on them. • Read the statements on the flash cards. • Place the flashcards in the correct order so that they sequence how multiple kingdoms united as one along the Nile River. • Once you have them in order, you may check your work by looking at the back of the flashcards. They should be in numerical order. •Look only at the side of the flashcards that has numbers on them. •See if you can tell what happened first. Look at the “text” side of the flashcard and see if this matches what you just said. Repeat this for the remaining cards. • You may repeat this until you are able to do this without the use of any flashcards! Here is the correct sequence: Station 4: Assess government and religion during the Old Kingdom. 1. Egyptian rulers passed their power from father to son to grandson, and so on. What is the term for a line of rulers from one family? dynasty 2. a mountain-like stone structure used as a tomb pyramid 3. a body wrapped in long strips of linen mummy 4. a god or goddess deity 5. another name for an Egyptian king pharaoh 6. a process used to preserve the dead for their journey to the afterlife embalming OR mummification 7. Why did Egyptians so willingly follow their pharaohs? They believed him to be the son of the god, Re or Ra, who was the sun god. This was one of the more important gods to the Egyptians because they relied so heavily on the sun for their crops. They also knew that Egypt needed a strong ruler to keep it united, so they followed the pharaoh. 8. What Egyptian book was studied to learn how to obtain life after death. “Book of the Dead” Station 5: Demonstrate the process of mummification. You may use the laptops to access my website. From there, look in the “Unit 4” folder. You may click on either one of the mummification games to practice the process of mummification. Station 6: Analyze the accomplishments of the Middle and New Kingdoms. 1. In which time period did Egyptians enjoy a period of stability, prosperity, and achievement? The Middle Kingdom (known as the Golden Years) 2. Which Egyptian pharaoh is most known for trade? Hatshepsut 3. Which Egyptian pharaoh was the least popular among the Egyptians? Why was this pharaoh NOT popular? Amenhotep and Nefertiti - they tried to change the religion in Egypt to monotheism 4. What accomplishment can be attributed to King Tutankhamen? brought back the old religion, or monotheism 5. What accomplishment can be attributed to Prince Ahmose? defeating the Hyksos and pushing them out of Egypt; beginning the New Kingdom 6. What can be said about the size of Egypt over the course of the Middle and New Kingdoms? For the most part, it got larger - land was added to Egypt. The exception is Amenhotep; he lost Egypt’s land to outside kingdoms. Station 7: Compare the specialization and technology seen in the cultures of ancient Egypt and Kush. Make a Venn Diagram (or any chart similar to the one on the back) to compare the specialization and technology in Egypt and Kush. In the circle on the left, identify things (specialization and technology) that were specific to Egypt. In the circle on the right, identify things (specialization and technology) that were specific to Kush. In the area that overlaps, identify specialization and technology that was alike between Egypt and Kush. Try doing this without your notes! This should be in your notes...we went over this in class!! The biggest point is that Kush had iron (that gave them a lot of advantages), and Egypt didn’t. Station 8: Explain how Egyptian culture influenced culture in the present day. 1. the Egyptian writing system that uses thousands of picture symbols. hieroglphyics 2. How did this (your answer to #1) affect/influence our culture today? We have writing and an alphabet. 3. Simply review the examples listed yesterday. There are A LOT! When asked to explain how Egyptian culture influenced our culture in the present day, here are some things you could use in your answer, so be sure to read over these lists thoroughly. If something is listed you are not sure about or how do not understand the connection between Egyptian culture and ours, simply ask! You should have plenty of examples in your notes!