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Transcript
Name________________________________Per._______Date_______________________
Egypt: Engineering an Empire
If the Nile River did not flood there would be _______________________, if it came
too heavy it would __________________________________.
Under Menes the capital city of __________________________ stayed dry because
they created a dam to hold back the flood waters.
The Nile River and its canals helped to transport __________________________ and
__________________________ from one place to another almost like a system of
highways.
Initially the tombs of pharaohs were simple one story structures called
__________________________.
Egyptians built more than __________________________ pyramids.
In Saqqara, Pharaoh Djoser would have his architect, vizier, and high priest
__________________________ build his tomb.
Different from other structure of the time this was going to be built out of
__________________________ instead of mudbrick.
He would go on to create the world’s __________________________.
The amount of hallways and rooms served as the Pharaoh’s
__________________________
Men would drag these large stones on top of _____________________ since wheels
would not work over the sand.
The Step Pyramid is __________________________ stories tall
Pharaoh ______________________ strived for engineering perfection
At Meydum, Snefru’s pyramid suffered a catastrophic _____________________
At Dashur, Snefru’s second pyramid was built on unstable ground which
caused cracks. His engineers increased the size of the base and changed the
______________________ of ascent. It is called the __________________________ pyramid.
Snefru’s third pyramid, known as the __________________________ Pyramid, was
the first perfect pyramid.
Stones were placed using a system of __________________________.
Snefru’s son, __________________________, would create the Great pyramid at Giza
__________________________ ruled in the place of her young stepson Thutmose III.
She builds her monument at Dayr al-Bahri with her architect/lover Senemut.
Hatshepsut says that her father was __________________________.
She created __________________________ to connect with her father.
Seti I built giant pillars of stone called __________________________ to create a
single large room.
Ramses II temple at __________________________ had to be moved due to the rising
waters of Lake Nasser.
The temple complex was carved out of one piece of rock. The statues at the
front are ____________________ feet tall, the largest statues created to that point.
He built his favorite wife, Nefertari, her own monument which connected her
to the goddess __________________________.
Name________________________________Per._______Date_______________________
Egypt: Engineering an Empire
If the Nile River did not flood there would be ___famine___, if it came too
heavy it would destroy everything.
Under Menes the capital city of Memphis_ stayed dry because they created a
dam to hold back the flood waters.
The Nile River and its canals helped to transport goods and people from one
place to another almost like a system of highways.
Initially the tombs of pharaohs were simple one story structures called
__mastaba_.
Egyptians built more than _100_pyramids.
In Saqqara, Pharaoh Djoser would have his architect, vizier, and high priest
Imhotep build his tomb.
Different from other structure of the time this was going to be built out of
stone instead of mudbrick.
He would go on to create the world’s first pyramid.
The amount of hallways and rooms served as the Pharaoh’s afterlife palace.
Men would drag these large stones on top of sleds since wheels would not
work over the sand.
The Step Pyramid is 20 stories tall
Pharaoh Snefru strived for engineering perfection
At Meydum, Snefru’s pyramid suffered a catastrophic collapse.
At Dashur, Snefru’s second pyramid was built on unstable ground which
caused cracks. His engineers increased the size of the base and changed the
angle of ascent. It is called the bent pyramid.
Snefru’s third pyramid, known as the Red Pyramid, was the first perfect
pyramid.
Stones were placed using a system of ramps.
Snefru’s son, Khufu, would create the Great pyramid at Giza
Hatshepsut ruled in the place of her young stepson Thutmose III. She builds
her monument at Dayr al-Bahri with her architect/lover Senemut.
Hatshepsut says that her father was Amun-Ra.
She created obelisks to connect with her father.
Seti I built giant pillars of stone called columns to create a single large room.
Ramses II temple at Abu Simbel had to be moved due to the rising waters of
Lake Nasser.
The temple complex was carved out of one piece of rock. The statues at the
front are 69 feet tall, the largest statues created to that point.
He built his favorite wife, Nefertari, her own monument which connected her
to the goddess Hathor.