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12/7/2016
Figure 21.3
Ideas About Change over Time
 The study of fossils helped to lay the groundwork
for Darwin’s ideas
Sedimentary rock
layers (strata)
 Fossils are remains or traces of organisms from
the past, usually found in sedimentary rock, which
appears in layers called strata
Younger stratum
with more recent
fossils
Older stratum
with older fossils
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Video: Grand Canyon
 Paleontology, the study of fossils, was largely
developed by French scientist Georges Cuvier
 Cuvier speculated that the boundaries between
strata represent catastrophic events
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.