Download 3. (a) The force on the electron is Thus, the magnitude of FB is 6.2

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Transcript
3. (a) The force on the electron is


 
FB  qv  B  q vx ˆi  v y ˆj  Bx ˆi  By j  q  vx By  v y Bx  kˆ



 






= 1.6 1019 C  2.0  106 m s  0.15 T   3.0 106 m s  0.030 T  
ˆ
 6.2 1014 N k.


Thus, the magnitude of FB is 6.2  1014 N, and FB points in the positive z direction.
(b) This amounts
 to repeating the above computation with a change in the sign in the
charge. Thus, FB has the same magnitude but points in the negative z direction, namely,

ˆ
F   6.2 1014 N k.
B


4. (a) We use Eq. 28-3:
FB = |q| vB sin  = (+ 3.2  10–19 C) (550 m/s) (0.045 T) (sin 52°) = 6.2  10–18 N.
(b) The acceleration is
a = FB/m = (6.2  10– 18 N) / (6.6  10– 27 kg) = 9.5  108 m/s2.
 
(c) Since it is perpendicular to v , FB does not do any work on the particle. Thus from the
work-energy theorem both the kinetic energy and the speed of the particle remain
unchanged.

  

11. Since the total force given by F  e E  v  B vanishes, the electric field E must be


perpendicular to both the particle velocity v and the magnetic field B . The magnetic

field is perpendicular to the velocity, so v  B has magnitude vB and the magnitude of
the electric field is given by E = vB. Since the particle has charge e and is accelerated
through a potential difference V, mv 2 / 2  eV and v  2eV m . Thus,
d

i


2 1.60  1019 C 10 103 V
2eV
 1.2 T 
 6.8  105 V m.
EB
m
9.99  1027 kg

