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Paricutin, Michoacán, Mexico “The Volcano that Grew Out of a Cornfield” Do you know which volcano in the Trans-Mexican Volcano Belt poured out an astonishing 1 billion tons of lava during its 9 year life span? That would be Paricutin the volcano that covered the village of Paricutin and the town of San Juan Parangaricutiro with lava and ashes. Paricutin is a well known volcano because of its story of where it was formed and somewhat of myths. The volcano had a very big impact on all the land around it after it formed. Paricutin is also has a SIMA-SIAL convergence. First of all, is located the state of Michoacán Mexico. It is located near the village of Paricutin where it gets its name from and the town of Parangaricutiro. Paricutin is a cinder cone volcano. Besides being a cinder cone volcano Paricutin is also a monogenic volcano which means it will never erupt again. It’s one of the many volcanoes in the Michoacán-Guanajuato Volcano Field. This field covers almost all of West Central Mexico. Paricutin has not erupted in almost 60 years. Its last eruption has been in 1952. Paricutin first started as a fissure (a volcanic vent in which magma comes out). The land on which the volcano was forming on was owned by a farmer named Dionisio Pulido. This is why Paricutin is called “The Volcano that Grew Out of a Cornfield”. It first started to form around February 20, 1943. It was one day while Pulido and his family were plowing the field that they saw the first eruption of many to come from Paricutin. After one week the volcano had grown to be as tall as a building that was 5 stories high. Many people from the surrounding villages and town had to evacuate their homes because they were afraid the volcano might explode and possibly kill them. After one year the once small fissure had grown an amazingly 336 meters high. The final 6 months of Paricutin were the worst of all the eruptions throughout its lifetime. It would continue to erupt until 1952. Paricutin had a very large impact on the surrounding areas, cities, people, and farms. When the volcano erupted some of the ash had traveled all the way to Mexico City. The plate tectonics for this volcano is called SIMA-SIAL convergence. SIMA stands for oceanic crust, and SIAL stands for continental crust. Convergence means the plates are moving toward each other. The name of the SIMA plate is Plate, and the name of the SIAL plate is the Plate. In this situation, the SIMA plate subducts, or dives, under the SIAL plate. Subduction causes friction which melts the rock into magma. The magma rises to the surface in the form of an EXPLOSIVE COMPOSITE CONE VOLCANO. The friction also causes earthquakes.