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Transcript
MA 154
Lesson 2
Section 6.2
Delworth
Trigonometric Functions of Angles
We will introduce the trigonometric functions in the manner in which they originated
historically- as ratios of sides of a right triangle.
A triangle is a right triangle if one of its angles is a right angle.
Opposite
Hypotenuse

Adjacent
With  as the acute angle of interest, the adjacent side is abbreviated adj., the opposite side is
abbreviated opp., and the hypotenuse is abbreviated hyp. With this notation, the six
trigonometric functions become:
opp
adj
opp
sin  
cos 
tan  
hyp
hyp
adj
csc  
hyp
opp
sec  
hyp
adj
cot  
adj
opp
Notice that the csc is the reciprocal of sin, sec is the reciprocal of cos, and cot is the
reciprocal of tan.
1
1
1
sin  
cos 
tan  
csc 
sec 
cot 
1
1
1
csc  
sec  
cot  
sin 
cos 
tan 
Since the hypotenuse is always the largest side of the triangle,
sin <1, cos <1,
csc >1, and sec >1
Find the values of the six trigonometric functions for the angle 

c
12
5
7
5

a
1
MA 154
Section 6.2
Lesson 2
Delworth
Trigonometric Functions of Angles
Find the values of the six trigonometric functions for the acute angle 
cos 
9
41
sec  
5
2
cot  
35
12
sin  
csc  5
7
3
tan  
195
28
Using your calculator, find:
sin(134)
cos(-54)
tan(121)
sec(-94)
csc(25)
cot(330)
sin(5)
cos(-0.123)
6 
tan 
5 
sec(3.1)
csc(5.6)
cot(-9)



2
MA 154
Lesson 2
Section 6.2
Delworth
Trigonometric Functions of Angles
This is the table of trigonometric values you should be able to recall or derive.
sin 
cos 
tan 


(radians) (degrees)

1
1
30
3
6
2
3
2

1
1
1
45
4
2
2

1
60
3
3
3
2
2
Find the exact value of x and y.
y
5
8
y
60
30
x
y
x
x
45
6
A building is known to be 500 feet tall. If
the angle from where you are standing to the
top of the building is 30, how far away
from the base of the building are you standing?
The angle to the top of a flag pole is 41. If
you are standing 100 ft. from the base of the
flagpole, how tall is the flagpole?
The angle to the top of a cliff is 57.21. If
you are standing 300 m from a point directly
below the cliff, how high is the cliff?
3