Download Who`s Who on Mount Olympus - Mrs. Susan Wiggs

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Transcript
Who’s Who on Mount
Olympus
Today’s Objectives:
•To identify the chief Olympian gods
and goddesses and their functions
ZEUS - JUPITER
King of gods; ruler of mankind
SYMBOLS
•EAGLE
•AEGIS (a kind of shield)
•THUNDERBOLT
•SCEPTRE (a staff that
kings hold)
•OAK TREE
Why these symbols…
•Power, Strength, Size
•Eagle – chief of all birds
Poseidon – Neptune
God of sea, horses & earthquakes
SYMBOLS
•TRIDENT (fork for killing fish)
•HORSE
Why these symbols…
•Trident = symbol of power
•He is said to have created the
horse
HADES – PLUTO
God of the Underworld
*did not live on Mt. Olympus
SYMBOLS
• HELMET to make him invisible
Why this symbol…
• The helmet allows him to leave
the world unseen; he is not a
welcome visitor.
HESTIA – VESTA
Goddess of hearth & home; sister of Zeus
SYMBOLS
• HEARTH-FIRE (a hearth is a large
fireplace used to cook food and
keep a home warm)
Why this symbol…
• The hearth is a symbol of home
and family
HERA – JUNO
Queen of the Gods; wife of Zeus
SYMBOLS
• PEACOCK
• COW
• IRIS (goddess of the rainbow)
Why these symbols…
• The animals are sacred to her
• Iris is her personal messenger
ARES – MARS
God of War
SYMBOLS
• WEAPONS
• ARMOR
• VULTURE (bird that eats dead
animals)
Why these symbols…
• They symbolize war
• Vultures prey on the dead
ATHENA – MINERVA
Goddess of Wisdom, War, & Weaving
SYMBOLS
• OWL
• OLIVE TREE
• HELMET & SPEAR
Why these symbols…
• The owl is a symbol of wisdom
• The olive tree is her gift to Athens
• The helmet & spear are symbols
of war
APOLLO – APOLLO
God of Sun, Music, Poetry, & Medicine
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SYMBOLS
LYRE (musical instrument with
strings)
BOW
LAUREL (a kind of plant)
DELPHI (a city believed to be in the
center of Greece)
Why these symbols…
The symbolizes music
The bow identifies him as the god
of archery (bows and arrows)
The laurel is his favorite tree
His oracle is at Delphi
APHRODITE – VENUS
Goddess of Love & Beauty
SYMBOLS
• CUPID (her son)
• DOVE
• MYRTLE (a white flower)
Why these symbols…
• Cupid shoots his arrow at her
command
• The dove and myrtle are sacred
to her
HERMES – MERCURY
Messenger-god; god of commerce, travelers, &
thieves
SYMBOLS
• CADUCEUS (staff in picture)
• WINGED HAT & SANDALS
Why these symbols…
• The caduceus is his magic wand
• The winged hat and sandals
show the speed of a messenger
ARTEMIS – DIANA
Goddess of the Moon & Hunting; Patroness of
maidens
SYMBOLS
• BOW & ARROW
• DEER
• CYPRESS (a kind of tree)
Why these symbols…
• The bow & arrow are symbolic
because hunting is her pastime
• The deer & cypress are sacred
to her
HEPHAESTUS – VULCAN
God of fire; forger of armor
SYMBOLS
• ANVIL (hammer)
• FORGE (a type of hearth or
fireplace where metal tools and
weapons are made)
Why these symbols…
• The anvil and forge are tools of
a blacksmith