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CP Psychology/Rabadan
Unit 1 Terms List: The Science of Psychology
Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
E.B. Titchener
Introspection
Structuralism
William James
Functionalism
May Calkins
Margaret Floy Washburn
Ivan Pavlov
Sigmund Freud
Jean Piaget
Plato
Aristotle
John Locke- Tabula rasa
Charles Darwin
Natural selection
Gestalt
Humanism
Nature vs. Nurture
Person vs. Situation
Mind vs. Body
Diversity vs. Universality
Levels of Analysis
Biopsychosocial approach
Current Perspectives:
Evolutionary Perspective
Psychodynamic Perspective
Behavioral Perspective
Cognitive Perspective
Positive Psychology
Research vs. Applied Psychology
2.
Subfields of Psychology:
Clinical/Counseling
Developmental Psychologists
Experimental Psychologists
I/O Psychologists
Psychiatrists
School Psychologists
Social Psychologists
Ph.D.
Psy.D.
M.D.
APA
Hindsight Bias
“Scientific Attitude:”
Empiricism
Curiosity
Skepticism
Humility
Goals of Psychology:
Describe
Explain
Predict
Control
Scientific Method
Theory
Hypothesis
Testing
Observation
Operational Definitions
Replication
Descriptive Methods
Case Study
Survey
Population
Random Sample
Naturalistic Observation
Correlational Methods
Correlation
Correlation Coefficient
Scatterplots
Correlation vs. Causation
Observer/Experimenter Bias
Experimental Method
Experiment
Random Sample
Random Assignment
Single/Double Blind
Placebo
Placebo Effect
Experimental Group
Control Group
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Confounding Variable
PsyETA
Informed Consent
Confidentiality
Debriefing
Deception
Stanley Milgram
John B. Watson
Carney Landis
Phil Zimbardo
Key Issues/Concepts
1. What are the primary uses for the various different research methods?
How do you design an experiment based on a given question? (i.e. Will consumption electrolytes improve
athletic performance?)
3. To what causes do psychologists from each school of thought attribute behavior? (Cognitive vs.
Psychodynamic vs. Behaviorism)
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