Download The immense US industrial boom, in the early Twentieth Century

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Transcript
US Regions and Economy
STD 11.2.6
Objective: identify geographic advantages
and their role in America's emergence as an
economic/industrial power
APK
• Are certain areas better to create certain
items?
– Ag
– Cattle
– Manufacturing
Importance
• U.S. industry needed international trade
during the late 1800s and early 1900s to
• A. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and
steamships.
• B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to
new markets.
• C. keep the United States dollar on the gold
standard.
• D. provide American consumers with a choice
of products.
Civil War
• Civil War changed way life
– South
• Agriculture – excellent soil for growing
• Slave based economy
• No taxes on goods
– North
• Manufacturing – poor soil for growing
• Immigrants work for little pay
• Tax foreign goods
CFU:
What was the economy of the North?
What was the economy of the South?
Pair Share
Explain which region was better fit to produce on a large scale?
South
• Agriculture stays on top
• No standard for railroads
– Different gages track so trains stop at your track
• Mechanization of farm equipment
– Less farmers produce more
– Less need for farmers – small farms close
CFU:
What was the economy of the South?
Pair Share
How does a lack of railroads hinder the South?
Explain the role mechanization plays in industrialization.
North
• Increased manufacturing
– Transportation through rails
– Raw materials are abundant
– Cities grow
• Incoming farmers
• Immigrants
– Steel production
• Causes cities to grow (up – skyscraper, elevator)
CFU:
What was the economy of the North?
Pair Share
How do the railroads help the North?
Explain a problem that the North has with industrialization.
North
• Mass production causes:
– Need for new markets
– Surplus of goods (overproduction)
– Cheap goods
CFU:
What was the North’s main problem?
Pair Share
How has industrialization in the North shaped America to what it has
become today?
Midwest
• Indian Problems
– Settlers fight for land (believe it is theirs because
they are white)
– Forcefully move Indians to reservations
– Assimilation of Indians
• Demand for Beef
– After Civil War demand for beef increased
– Open plains of Midwest was perfect place
CFU:
What was the economy of the Midwest?
Pair Share
How would open space create and lead to specialization for the Midwest?
Midwest
• Cattle
– Chicago, Kansas City, St Louis, Omaha became ending
point for cattle
– Railroads allowed easy shipping
– Freezer rail cars
– Butchered and sent to the East and West
• Farms
– Settlers come by rails
– Drawn to region by land grants by government
– Focus on grain & corn
• Oil
CFU:
What was the main draw for farmers and immigrants?
How did Railroads help farmers?
Pair Share
Do you see a possible problem between farmers and Railroads?
West
• Railroads
– Draw settlers to new areas
– Silver and Gold
• Adventure
• Farming
CFU:
What was the economy of the West?
Pair Share
What is the main draw to the West?
Railroads
• Increased production
– Raw materials
– Finished products
• Consumers themselves
– Steel
– Jobs, oil, workers
CFU:
How do railroads effect or change industrialization?
Urban Cities
• Dense population
• Provide workers for factories
• New problems
– Crime, sanitation, housing
CFU:
How did cities effect or change industrialization?
Closure
• U.S. industry needed international trade
during the late 1800s and early 1900s to
• A. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and
steamships.
• B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to
new markets.
• C. keep the United States dollar on the gold
standard.
• D. provide American consumers with a choice
of products.
Closure
• Which of the following industrial
developments launched the United States as
a major industrial power by sharpening the
techniques and skills that managers needed
to run other large businesses?
• A telephones
• B railroads
• C labor unions
• D electric lights
Closure
• More than any other invention, the
development of __________ led to increased
economic and industrial growth in the United
States.
• A the steam engine
• B railroads
• C kerosene
• D electric lighting
Closure
• The immense U.S. industrial boom, in the
early Twentieth Century, could be attributed
to __________.
• A a growing urban population
• B government support for businesses
• C an abundance of natural resources
• D All of the above
Closure
• One of the reasons the United States
emerged as an industrial power was the new
readily available natural resource operations
located in the __________.
• A North
• B South
• C West
• D East
Closure
• Which of the following was responsible for
the United States to industrialize rapidly by
giving industry a large work force?
• A immigration
• B emigration
• C health insurance
• D labor unions
Closure
• The use of standardized time and time zones
was introduced in order to benefit
• A. telephone and telegraph operators.
• B. railroad companies and train travelers.
• C. manufacturers who dealt in interstate
trade.
• D. factory owners whose workers had set
schedules.