US Regions and Economy STD 11.2.6 Objective: identify geographic advantages and their role in America's emergence as an economic/industrial power APK • Are certain areas better to create certain items? – Ag – Cattle – Manufacturing Importance • U.S. industry needed international trade during the late 1800s and early 1900s to • A. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and steamships. • B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to new markets. • C. keep the United States dollar on the gold standard. • D. provide American consumers with a choice of products. Civil War • Civil War changed way life – South • Agriculture – excellent soil for growing • Slave based economy • No taxes on goods – North • Manufacturing – poor soil for growing • Immigrants work for little pay • Tax foreign goods CFU: What was the economy of the North? What was the economy of the South? Pair Share Explain which region was better fit to produce on a large scale? South • Agriculture stays on top • No standard for railroads – Different gages track so trains stop at your track • Mechanization of farm equipment – Less farmers produce more – Less need for farmers – small farms close CFU: What was the economy of the South? Pair Share How does a lack of railroads hinder the South? Explain the role mechanization plays in industrialization. North • Increased manufacturing – Transportation through rails – Raw materials are abundant – Cities grow • Incoming farmers • Immigrants – Steel production • Causes cities to grow (up – skyscraper, elevator) CFU: What was the economy of the North? Pair Share How do the railroads help the North? Explain a problem that the North has with industrialization. North • Mass production causes: – Need for new markets – Surplus of goods (overproduction) – Cheap goods CFU: What was the North’s main problem? Pair Share How has industrialization in the North shaped America to what it has become today? Midwest • Indian Problems – Settlers fight for land (believe it is theirs because they are white) – Forcefully move Indians to reservations – Assimilation of Indians • Demand for Beef – After Civil War demand for beef increased – Open plains of Midwest was perfect place CFU: What was the economy of the Midwest? Pair Share How would open space create and lead to specialization for the Midwest? Midwest • Cattle – Chicago, Kansas City, St Louis, Omaha became ending point for cattle – Railroads allowed easy shipping – Freezer rail cars – Butchered and sent to the East and West • Farms – Settlers come by rails – Drawn to region by land grants by government – Focus on grain & corn • Oil CFU: What was the main draw for farmers and immigrants? How did Railroads help farmers? Pair Share Do you see a possible problem between farmers and Railroads? West • Railroads – Draw settlers to new areas – Silver and Gold • Adventure • Farming CFU: What was the economy of the West? Pair Share What is the main draw to the West? Railroads • Increased production – Raw materials – Finished products • Consumers themselves – Steel – Jobs, oil, workers CFU: How do railroads effect or change industrialization? Urban Cities • Dense population • Provide workers for factories • New problems – Crime, sanitation, housing CFU: How did cities effect or change industrialization? Closure • U.S. industry needed international trade during the late 1800s and early 1900s to • A. obtain spare parts for railroad cars and steamships. • B. obtain raw materials and sell more goods to new markets. • C. keep the United States dollar on the gold standard. • D. provide American consumers with a choice of products. Closure • Which of the following industrial developments launched the United States as a major industrial power by sharpening the techniques and skills that managers needed to run other large businesses? • A telephones • B railroads • C labor unions • D electric lights Closure • More than any other invention, the development of __________ led to increased economic and industrial growth in the United States. • A the steam engine • B railroads • C kerosene • D electric lighting Closure • The immense U.S. industrial boom, in the early Twentieth Century, could be attributed to __________. • A a growing urban population • B government support for businesses • C an abundance of natural resources • D All of the above Closure • One of the reasons the United States emerged as an industrial power was the new readily available natural resource operations located in the __________. • A North • B South • C West • D East Closure • Which of the following was responsible for the United States to industrialize rapidly by giving industry a large work force? • A immigration • B emigration • C health insurance • D labor unions Closure • The use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefit • A. telephone and telegraph operators. • B. railroad companies and train travelers. • C. manufacturers who dealt in interstate trade. • D. factory owners whose workers had set schedules.