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Lesson 21
NYS COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM
M1
GEOMETRY
Lesson 21: Correspondence and Transformations
Student Outcomes

Students practice applying a sequence of rigid motions from one figure onto another figure in order to
demonstrate that the figures are congruent.
Lesson Notes
In Lesson 21, we will consolidate our understanding of congruence in terms of rigid motions with our knowledge of
corresponding vertices and sides of triangles. We will identify specific sides and angles in the pre-image of a triangle that
map onto specific angles and sides of the image. If a rigid motion results in every side and every angle of the pre-image
mapping onto every corresponding side and angle of the image, we will assert that the triangles are congruent.
Classwork
Opening Exercise (7 minutes)
Opening Exercise
The figure to the right represents a rotation of β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ πŸ–πŸŽ° around vertex π‘ͺ. Name the
triangle formed by the image of β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ. Write the rotation in function notation, and name all
corresponding angles and sides.
Corresponding angles
βˆ π‘¨ β†’ βˆ π‘¬
βˆ π‘© β†’ βˆ π‘­
∠π‘ͺ β†’ ∠π‘ͺ
β–³ 𝑬𝑭π‘ͺ
𝑹𝑫,πŸ–πŸŽ° (βˆ†π‘¬π‘­π‘ͺ )
Corresponding sides
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ 𝑬𝑭
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨𝑩
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ 𝑭π‘ͺ
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩π‘ͺ
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨π‘ͺ β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑬π‘ͺ
Discussion (5 minutes)
Discussion
In the Opening Exercise, we explicitly showed a single rigid motion, which mapped every side and every angle of β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ
onto β–³ 𝑬𝑭π‘ͺ. Each corresponding pair of sides and each corresponding pair of angles was congruent. When each side
and each angle on the pre-image maps onto its corresponding side or angle on the image, the two triangles are
congruent. Conversely, if two triangles are congruent, then each side and angle on the pre-image is congruent to its
corresponding side or angle on the image.
Lesson 21:
Date:
Correspondence and Transformations
5/7/17
© 2014 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org
159
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Lesson 21
NYS COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM
M1
GEOMETRY
Example 1 (8 minutes)
Example 1
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… is one diagonal of the square. β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ is a reflection of β–³ 𝑨𝑫π‘ͺ across segment 𝑨π‘ͺ. Complete
𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ𝑫 is a square, and 𝑨π‘ͺ
the table below identifying the missing corresponding angles and sides.
A
B
Corresponding angles
βˆ π‘©π‘¨π‘ͺ β†’ βˆ π‘«π‘¨π‘ͺ
βˆ π‘¨π‘©π‘ͺ β†’ βˆ π‘¨π‘«π‘ͺ
βˆ π‘©π‘ͺ𝑨 β†’ βˆ π‘«π‘ͺ𝑨
D
a.
Corresponding sides
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨𝑩 β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨𝑫
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ 𝑫π‘ͺ
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩π‘ͺ
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨π‘ͺ β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨π‘ͺ
C
Are the corresponding sides and angles congruent? Justify your response.
Since the triangle is a rigid transformation, all angles and sides maintain their size.
b.
Is β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ β‰… β–³ 𝑨𝑫π‘ͺ? Justify your response.
Yes. Since β–³ 𝑨𝑫π‘ͺ is a reflection of β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ, they must be congruent.
Exercises 1–3 (20 minutes)
Exercises 1–3
Each exercise below shows a sequence of rigid motions that map a pre-image onto a final image. Identify each rigid
motion in the sequence, writing the composition using function notation. Trace the congruence of each set of
corresponding sides and angles through all steps in the sequence, proving that the pre-image is congruent to the final
image by showing that every side and every angle in the pre-image maps onto its corresponding side and angle in the
image. Finally, make a statement about the congruence of the pre-image and final image.
1.
Sequence of rigid motions (2)
rotation, translation
Composition in function
notation
𝑻⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
(𝑹𝒄,πŸ—πŸŽ° (β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ))
𝑩′ 𝑩′′
Sequence of corresponding
sides
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨𝑩
𝑨′′𝑩′′
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩π‘ͺ β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ 𝑨′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²
𝑨π‘ͺ
Sequence of corresponding
angles
𝑨 β†’ 𝑨′′
𝑩 β†’ 𝑩′′
π‘ͺ β†’ π‘ͺβ€²β€²
A’’
A’
Triangle congruence
statement
Lesson 21:
Date:
β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ β‰…β–³ 𝑨′′𝑩′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²
Correspondence and Transformations
5/7/17
© 2014 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org
160
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Lesson 21
NYS COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM
M1
GEOMETRY
2.
Sequence of rigid
motions (3)
Composition in
function notation
Sequence of
corresponding sides
reflection, translation, rotation
𝑹𝑨′′,𝟏𝟎𝟎° (𝑻⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
(𝒓̅̅̅̅
𝑫𝑬 (β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ)))
𝑩′ 𝑩′′
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨𝑩
𝑨′′′𝑩′′′
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩π‘ͺ
𝑩′′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²β€²
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨π‘ͺ β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨′′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²β€²
Sequence of
corresponding
angles
Triangle congruence
statement
𝑨 β†’ 𝑨′′′
𝑩 β†’ 𝑩′′′
π‘ͺ β†’ π‘ͺβ€²β€²β€²
β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ β‰… β–³ 𝑨′′′𝑩′′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²β€²
3.
Sequence of rigid
motions (3)
Composition in
function notation
Sequence of
corresponding sides
Sequence of
corresponding
angles
Triangle congruence
statement
reflections
𝒓̅̅̅̅
𝑿𝒁 ( 𝒓̅̅̅̅̅̅
𝑩π‘ͺ (β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ)))
𝑩𝑨′ ( 𝒓̅̅̅̅
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨𝑩 β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝒀𝑿
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ 𝒀𝒁
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨π‘ͺ
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩π‘ͺ β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑿𝒁
𝑨→𝒀
𝑩→𝑿
π‘ͺ→𝒁
β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ β‰…β–³ 𝒀𝑿𝒁
Exit Ticket (5 minutes)
Lesson 21:
Date:
Correspondence and Transformations
5/7/17
© 2014 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org
161
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Lesson 21
NYS COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM
M1
GEOMETRY
Name ___________________________________________________
Date____________________
Lesson 21: Correspondence and Transformations
Exit Ticket
Complete the table based on the series of rigid motions performed on β–³ 𝐴𝐡𝐢 below.
A
Sequence of rigid
motions (2)
X
C'
B
A'
Composition in function
notation
C''
B'
B''
A''
Sequence of
corresponding sides
Sequence of
corresponding angles
Y
Triangle congruence
statement
Lesson 21:
Date:
Correspondence and Transformations
5/7/17
© 2014 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org
162
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Lesson 21
NYS COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM
M1
GEOMETRY
Exit Ticket Sample Solutions
Complete the table based on the series of rigid
motions performed on β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ below.
Sequence of rigid motions (2)
rotation, reflection
A
Composition in function
notation
X
C'
B
A'
(𝒓𝑿𝒀
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… (𝑹π‘ͺ,πŸ—πŸŽ°Λš ))
C''
B'
B''
Y
Sequence of corresponding
sides
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨𝑩 β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑨′′𝑩′′
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩π‘ͺ β†’ Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
𝑩′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ…
Μ…Μ…Μ…Μ… β†’ 𝑨′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²
𝑨π‘ͺ
Sequence of corresponding
angles
𝑨 β†’ 𝑨′
𝑩 β†’ 𝑩′
π‘ͺ β†’ π‘ͺβ€²
A''
Triangle congruence
statement
β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ β‰…β–³ 𝑨′′𝑩′′π‘ͺβ€²β€²
Problem Set Sample Solutions
1.
Exercise 3 above mapped β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ onto β–³ 𝒀𝑿𝒁 in three steps. Construct a fourth step that would map β–³ 𝒀𝑿𝒁 back
onto β–³ 𝑨𝑩π‘ͺ.
Construct an angle bisector for the βˆ π‘¨π‘©π’€, and reflect β–³ 𝒀𝑿𝒁 over that line.
2.
Explain triangle congruence in terms of rigid motions. Use the terms corresponding sides and corresponding angles
in your explanation.
Triangle congruence can be found using a series of rigid motions in which you map an original or pre-image of a
figure onto itself. By doing so, all the corresponding sides and angles of the figure will map onto their matching
corresponding sides or angles, which proves the figures are congruent.
Lesson 21:
Date:
Correspondence and Transformations
5/7/17
© 2014 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org
163
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
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