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Multi-Step Equations Return to Table of Contents Steps for Solving Multiple Step Equations As equations become more complex, you should: 1. Simplify each side of the equation. (Combining like terms and the distributive property) 2. Use inverse operations to solve the equation. Remember, whatever you do to one side of an equation, you MUST do to the other side! Examples: -15 = -2x - 9 + 4x -15 = 2x - 9 Combine Like Terms +9 +9 Undo Subtraction first -6 = 2x Touch to reveal answer 2 2 Undo Multiplication second -3 = x 7x - 3x - 8 = 24 4x - 8 = 24 Combine Like Terms + 8 +8 Undo Subtraction first Touch to reveal answer 4x = 32 4 4 Undo Multiplication second x=8 Now try an example. Each term is infinitely cloned so you can pull them down as you solve. -7x + 3 + 6x = -6 ans wer Now try another example. Each term is infinitely cloned so you can pull them down as you solve. 6x -5 + x = 44 ans wer Always check to see that both sides of the equation are simplified before you begin solving the equation. Sometimes, you need to use the distributive property in order to simplify part of the equation. Distributive Property For all real numbers a, b, c a(b + c) = ab + ac a(b - c) = ab - ac Examples 5(20 + 6) = 5(20) + 5(6) 9(30 - 2) = 9(30) - 9(2) 3(5 + 2x) = 3(5) + 3(2x) -2(4x - 7) = -2(4x) - (-2)(7) Examples: 5(1 + 6x) = 185 5 + 30x = 185 Distribute the 5 on the left side -5 -5 Undo addition first 30xMove = 180to reveal answer 30 30 Undo multiplication second x=6 2x + 6(x - 3) = 14 2x + 6x - 18 = 14 Distribute the 6 through (x - 3) 8x - 18 = 14 Combine Like Terms +18 +18 Undo subtraction Move to reveal answer 8x = 32 8 8 Undo multiplication x=4 Now show the distributing and solve 5 ( -2 + 7x ) = 95 Now show the distributing and solve 6 ( -2x + 9 ) = 102 23 Solve. 3 + 2t + 4t = -63 24 Solve. 19 = 1 + 4 - x 25 Solve. 8x - 4 - 2x - 11 = -27 26 Solve. -4 = -27y + 7 - (-15y) + 13 27 Solve. 9 - 4y + 16 + 11y = 4 28 Solve. 6(-8 + 3b) = 78 29 Solve. 18 = -6(1 - 1k) 30 Solve. 2w + 8(w + 3) = 34 31 Solve. 4 = 4x - 2(x + 6) 32 Solve. 3r - r + 2(r + 4) = 24 33 What is the value of p in the equation 2(3p - 4) = 10? A B C D 1 2 1/3 3 1/3 From the New York State Education Department. Office of Assessment Policy, Development and Administration. Internet. Available from www.nysedregents.org/IntegratedAlgebra; accessed 17, June, 2011.

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