Science Test on Clouds, Water Cycle, Weather Station Science Test on Clouds, Water Cycle, Weather Station Clouds 1. _____Clouds form in blanklet-like layers Stratus 2. Puffy clouds that appear to rise up from a flat bottom Cumulus clouds are ________ 3. Cirus _____ Clouds form at high altitudes out of ice crystals and have a wispy featherlike shape. 4. If rain or snow falls from a cloud, the term ______(which means “rain”) is added to the cloud’s name. nimbo 5. As water vapor rises higher and higher in the Condenses sky it ____ Clouds and may form _____ 6. All clouds form in the troposphere _____________________ or the lowest layer of the atmosphere. 7. Clouds are grouped in families by their Shape Height __________and _________ Cumulus 8._________Clouds are usually present during fair weather, but can turn into thunderclouds Play the cloud matching game http://eo.ucar.edu/webweather/cloudmatch.html The Water Cycle Sun 9. The __________is most responsible for our weather and warming the water and land. Run-off 10. ____________Water which accumulates on the soil surface as a result of rainfall and flows over the soil surface from higher to lower land. Evaporation 11. The process of liquid becoming water vapor as it leaves the earth’s surface and enter the atmosphere is called Evaporation __________ 12. Liquid or frozen water droplets fall to Earth as rain, snow, sleet or hail is called Precipitation __________________ 13. On a hot sunny day, I hung my clean clothes on the line to dry. As the clothes dry the water evaporates ___________________into Warm the _______________air 14. A puddle may change shape and become smaller on a hot sunny day because it is changing from gas liquid a ______to a _____which we call, evaporation Solar 15. _________energy, or energy from the sun is the type of energy responsible for evaporation. 16. When warm air full of water vapor meet cool air, condensation _________ occurs in the form of tiny water droplets, similar to the droplets we found on the outside of our glasses. 17. Tiny water droplets attach to dust particles in the sky and form ______________________ Clouds Weather Station Barometer 18. A ______________ measures the pressure in the air Barometer Look at the pointer on the barometer. 1. What type weather will you have based on the barometric pressure? Cloudy 2. What number would the pointer be on to tell us it is going to be a sunny day? 1030 barometric pressure 19. A hygrometer measures humidity ____________________ or the moisture in the air Bonus: If the temperature is zero degrees, then what would reading would be on the 25% hydrometer? If it is zero degrees outside, would it be winter or summer? Winter Thermometer 20. A _________ is a glass tube that measures the air temperature. Approximately what temperature is it? Would it be cold, warm or hot outside? 75 degrees and warm outside 21. As we checked out weather station, we became meteorologist ___________________ or people that study the weather and deep data about its patterns 750 Tue 740 Wed 760 Thurs 750 Fri 730 Sat 770 Sun 750 Total 525 Mon 22. To find the average monthly temperature for Raleigh, NC you would add _____the temperature for each day and then ______the sum the total divide number of days in the 527÷7 = 75 month. 0 23. Warm air rises and is called ________ updrafts 24. Drown draft A_________ is cool air falling back to the earth’s surface. 25. Air that moves horizontally is called _________. It is created by wind the heating and cooling rates of soil and water. 26. The weight of air can also be called air pressure ________. A high pressure system will usually be followed by sunshine. Where is the high pressure Moving toward? East, West, North or south? Moving East 27. The thinner air affects temperature because thin air holds less heat ___________. Sunshine, A usually 28. _________ follows a high pressure system. Which picture represents this statement 29. High winds will most likely cause temperatures decrease to _______________ Mountains, Sea breezes & latitude 30. The temperature at the top ______of the mountain is cooler that the temperature bottom of the at the ________ mountain. Mountain goats go (migrate) up the mountain in the summer to cool off. equator 31. As you get closer to the center of the equator Earth or the _________ temperatures tend to be warmer, these areas are called tropical. 32. Sue lives in Oklahoma and has no large bodies of water near her. Sue most likely experiences warm summers ______and cool winters. Tom lives near the Pacific Ocean in San Francisco, California (CA) where temperatures are less varied from season to season. 33. In our soil and water experiment, the soil earth represented the _______ and the water represented lakes and oceans. 34. Soil tends to heat up and cool down fast while water ______takes longer to heat but holds the warmth longer. 35. You are walking on the beach and feel the warm sand under your feet. The water is still cool. This is because the sun warms soil ______more quickly than _____. water You go to the beach in May and the air temperature is 90 degrees, but beach water is still cold. Why? What was your score? 1st time______ nd 2 time______ rd 3 time______ Great Job!!!