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Developed By:
The University of Arizona
C.A.T.S. Life Skills Program
In Partnership with the NCAA
DISCRIMINATION
STEP UP TO DISCRIMINATION
Before we begin, please read the following:
1. This presentation is meant to generate thought and promote
discussion. We recognize and appreciate that these topics may
contain sensitive material.
2. Many of you in the room may have had personal experiences with
discrimination. Through the course of this discussion, dialogue may
occur that causes an emotional reaction from you. Therefore, feel free
to leave the room. If you need assistance please speak to a trainer.
3. We ask that everyone be respectful of others and be conscious and
respectful of the diversity of reactions to the topic.
Discrimination
“Differential treatment based on unfair
categorization. A denial of fairness prompted
by prejudice.”
• Racism, sexism, homophobia, classism, ageism etc.
• People can discriminate because of prejudice,
stereotypes or implicit bias.
Stereotypes
“A
generalization about the attributes of a particular social
identity group without regard to individual diversity within the
group. Usually is negative, but in all cases is limiting and
ignores the history and social context for its creation.”
• Stereotypes are sometimes based on a “kernel of
truth” or a limited experience with a group. ( i.e.
student-athletes don’t care about school, all black
athletes are fast etc.)
Prejudice
“An attitude, opinion or feeling without
adequate prior knowledge, thought or
reason.”
• Hating gay people
• Suspicious of all muslims
Implicit Bias
“Implicit bias is the bias in judgment and/or
behavior that results from subtle cognitive
processes (e.g., implicit attitudes and implicit
stereotypes) that often operate below conscious
awareness and without intention.”
Explicit bias “reflects the attitudes or beliefs that
one endorses at a conscious level.”
I have been discriminated
against in my lifetime.
1. Yes
2. No
o
0%
N
Ye
s
0%
I believe discrimination is most
prevalent in these 3 areas :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Race
Sex/Gender
Religion
Sexual Orientation or Identity
Class/Socio Economic Status
National Origin
Disability
Student-athletes
Greeks
Why didn’t you intervene?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Thought I was the only one who felt that way
Didn’t want to go against the group
Didn’t know what to do
Didn’t think it was my responsibility
I was too shocked and angry
At the time I didn’t think it was a problem
Other
There have been times when I have been
either a victim or a witness of discrimination
and I did/said nothing.
1. True
2. False
ls
e
0%
Fa
Tr
ue
0%
Stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination is
an issue within our group/community.
0%
0%
ag
re
e
gr
ee
Di
s
ly
St
ro
ng
A
gr
ee
0%
is
a
ly
Ag
re
e
0%
D
Strongly Agree
Agree
Disagree
Strongly
Disagree
St
ro
ng
1.
2.
3.
4.
When confronted with discrimination, I should:
Click all that apply.
...
..
ow
th
e
he
n.
w
Th
in
k
ab
ou
th
m
et
hi
ng
ng
so
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up
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.
...
..
Think about how the person being
discriminated against feels.
St
an
4.
0% 0% 0% 0%
o
Do something when someone
treats another disrespectfully.
D
3.
m
et
hi
Say something when someone
makes a discriminatory remark.
so
2.
y
Stand up for what I believe even if I
think I am the only one.
Sa
1.
Every minute a college
student somewhere sees or
hears racist, sexist,
homophobic or other
biased words or images.
www.tolerance.org
EEOC Charges By Type 1997-2014
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Video Examples
Muslim Woman on Plane
• https://youtu.be/8mzqIb_8SxA?t=15
Don Imus – Rutgers Women’s Basketball
• https://youtu.be/bmF8iIeOVEo
Coming to Terms with your own
Biases
• Be respectful of individuals and their viewpoints.
• Listen to what individuals’ lives are like and the
experience they’ve had in the world.
• Don’t rush the process of trying to understand a
person's experiences or identity.
• Accept that you are responsible for your negative
comments or reactions.
What does staying silent say?
STRATEGIES FOR
EFFECTIVE HELPING
Preliminary Action Steps
1. Identify the bias
2.Form a goal based on the source of the bias
– Change negative beliefs
– Change negative attitudes
– Change discriminatory behavior
3.Determine the safest and most effective way to address
the bias.
4.Decide which strategy to use.
Strategies
1st:
Reduce the tension
a. Ask the person to talk positively about themselves.
b. Tell a story
b. Compliment the person or talk about something you
have in common.
2nd: Then Pick a Strategy
Individuation Approach
Try to get the person to see others as individuals
instead of members of a disliked group.
• Highlight things about a targeted group member that
are different from perceptions.
• Tell them something about the targeted member so
that the person could get to know and appreciate
them as individuals.
Recategorization or
Common Identity Approach
Get others to see that the targeted group is similar
to others and shares similar goals.
• Highlight things the person and targeted group
share in common.
• Discuss issues that affect both the person and the
targeted group
• Think of other ways to get the person to see things
from a different perspective.
Confrontation Approach
Point out the inconsistency in the person’s actions
and stated beliefs.
• Point out a statement as a potential bias
• Ask the person if they think all people should be
treated equally and then point out how their views
contradict that.
• Ask the individual if they value diversity then remind
them of how they might unfairly stereotype others.
Confrontation can make the person angry and cause him/her to lash out or seek
revenge. A person should RARELY use this approach
Action Steps
1. Be Ready
You know at some point you will hear or see
something inappropriate or discriminatory. Think of
yourself as the one to STEP UP! Be prepared and
know what you will say and how you will handle it.
“Why do you say that”?
“Do you really mean what you just said”?
Identify the Behavior
2. Point out someone’s behavior to help
them hear what they are really saying.
“So what I hear you saying is all studentathletes don’t care about academics?”
Appeal to Principles
3. Call on a person’s higher principles.
“I’ve always thought you were fair-minded.” It shocks
me to hear you say something so biased.”
Set Limits – Draw a line
4. You can’t control others but you can
make others aware of what you will not
tolerate.
“Don’t tell racist jokes or use that language in my
presence anymore. If you do, I will leave.”
Follow through if you make statements like this.
Find an Ally/Be an Ally
Seek out like-minded people and build
strength in numbers.
• These strategies from www.tolerance.org
Consider Their Perspective
• Imagine what the person is thinking/feeling
• Imagine being in the situation
• Imagine being the person
• What would you want someone to do for you?
The
Action Continuum
Adams, M., Bell, L., & Griffin, P. (1997)
Teaching for diversity and Social Justice
When confronted with discrimination, I
should:
o.
..
th
ou
ab
in
k
m
et
hi
ng
so
o
D
0%
w
...
ng
m
et
hi
so
y
Sa
0%
...
0%
Th
0%
fo
rw
...
4.
up
3.
d
2.
Stand up for what I believe even if I
think I am the only one.
Say something when someone
makes a discriminatory remark .
Do something when someone
treats another disrespectfully.
Think about how the person being
discriminated against feels.
St
an
1.
SCENARIOS
Discussion Questions
• Have you ever said something you didn’t mean?
Did you consider how someone else might take
it?
• Do you think people sometimes discriminate
more based on their perception that individuals
had a choice in their condition as opposed to
something that was out of their control?
Scenario 1
You are hanging out with teammates and one
of them makes a very insulting remark about
someone’s alleged sexual orientation. They go
on to sarcastically say that they won’t be
rooming with that teammate on road trips.
You find it inappropriate.
What do you do?
Scenario 2
You are enrolled in a class and know you will
be missing quite a few times due to team
travel. Your professor states that if there are
any student-athletes in the class they should
probably drop it because most likely they
won’t pass.
What do you do?
Scenario 3
You are walking from your team locker room
past another team’s locker room and you
hear white players saying derogatory
comments about a teammate while using the
“N” word.
What do you do?
DO SOMETHING!
STEP UP!
For local and national resources
see the STEP UP! website
www.stepupprogram.org