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Transcript
Q1.
The drawing shows the cell of a bacterium.
(a)
List A gives the four structures labelled on the diagram.
List B includes information about each structure.
Draw one line from each structure in List A to the correct information about the structure
in List B.
List A
Structure
List B
Information
(4)
(b)
Give two differences between an animal cell and the cell of a bacterium.
1 .....................................................................................................................
2 .....................................................................................................................
(2)
Page 1 of 16
(c)
The diagrams show cells containing and surrounded by oxygen molecules.
Oxygen can move into cells or out of cells.
Into which cell, A, B, C or D, will oxygen move the fastest?
Write the correct letter, A, B, C or D, in the box.
(1)
(d)
Complete the following sentence.
Oxygen is taken into the cell by the process of .............................................
(1)
(Total 8 marks)
Page 2 of 16
Q2.
(a) The diagrams show cells containing and surrounded by oxygen molecules.
Oxygen can move into cells or out of cells.
Into which cell, A, B, C or D, will oxygen move the fastest?
Write your answer, A, B, C or D, in the box.
(1)
(b)
Draw a ring around the correct word to complete each sentence.
diffusion
(i)
Oxygen is taken into cells by the process of
.
osmosis
respiration
(1)
breathing
(ii)
Cells need oxygen for
photosynthesis
.
respiration
(1)
membranes
(iii)
The parts of cells that use up the most oxygen are the
mitochondria
.
nuclei
(1)
Page 3 of 16
diffusion
(iv)
Some cells produce oxygen in the process of
photosynthesis
.
respiration
(1)
(Total 5 marks)
Q3.
The diagram shows a group of muscle cells from the wall of the intestine.
(a)
On the diagram, use words from the box to name the structures labelled A, B and C.
cell membrane
cell wall
chloroplast
cytoplasm
nucleus
(3)
(b)
How are these muscle cells adapted to release a lot of energy?
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 5 marks)
Page 4 of 16
Q4.
The diagram shows a yeast cell.
Label structures A and B on the diagram.
Choose your answers from the list in the box.
cell membrane
cell wall
nucleus
vacuole
(Total 2 marks)
Q5.
The diagram shows an animal cell.
Page 5 of 16
(a)
Name each labelled part and give its function.
A
Name ...............................................................................................................
Function ..........................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
B
Name ..............................................................................................................
Function .........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
C
Name ..............................................................................................................
Function .........................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
(6)
(b)
(i)
This plant cell also contains chloroplasts, a cell wall and a vacuole. Label each of
these parts on the diagram.
Page 6 of 16
(3)
(ii)
Give the function of these parts of a plant cell.
Chloroplast function .........................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
Cell wall function .............................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
Vacuole function ..............................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
(3)
(Total 12 marks)
Q6.
The diagram shows a human sperm. Inside the tail of the sperm is a filament mechanism
that causes the side to side movement of the tail, which moves the sperm.
(a)
Describe the function of the mitochondria and suggest a reason why they are arranged
around the filament near the tail of the sperm.
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(3)
(b)
Explain the significance of the nucleus in determining the characteristics of the offspring.
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 5 marks)
Page 7 of 16
Q7.
The diagrams show a cheek cell from a human and a leaf cell from a plant.
(a)
The two cells have a number of parts in common.
(i)
On the cheek cell, label three of these parts which both cells have.
(3)
(ii)
In the table, write the names of the three parts you have labelled above and describe
the main function of each part.
Part
Function
..................................
..................................
..................................
(3)
(b)
Blood contains white cells and red cells. State the function of each type of cell in the blood.
White cells .................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
Red cells ....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(2)
(Total 8 marks)
Page 8 of 16
Q8.
The drawing shows part of a root hair cell.
(a)
Use words from the list to label the parts of the root hair cell.
cell membrane
cell wall
cytoplasm
nucleus
vacuole
(4)
(b)
The diagram shows four ways in which molecules may move into and out of a cell. The
dots show the concentration of molecules.
The cell is respiring aerobically.
Which arrow, A, B, C or D represents:
(i)
movement of oxygen molecules;
(ii)
movement of carbon dioxide molecules?
....................
....................
(2)
(c)
Name the process by which these gases move into and out of the cell.
.....................................................................................................................................
(1)
(Total 7 marks)
Page 9 of 16
M1.
(a)
all four correct = 4 marks
three correct = 3 marks
two correct = 2 marks
one correct = 1 mark
extra line from a statement cancels the mark
4
(b)
any two from:
•
nucleus
•
no cell wall
•
separate chromosomes
2
(c)
A
1
(d)
diffusion
1
[8]
Page 10 of 16
M2.
(a)
A
1
(b)
(i)
diffusion
1
(ii)
respiration
1
(iii)
mitochondria
1
(iv)
photosynthesis
1
[5]
M3.
(a)
A
nucleus
1
B
(cell) membrane
1
C
cytoplasm
1
(b)
any two from:
•
(contain mitochondria
•
many (mitochondria)
•
respiration (occurs in mitochondria)
2
[5]
M4.
A = nucleus
1
B = cell wall
1
[2]
M5.
(a)
A cytoplasm
1
where (chemical) reactions take place
do not accept where cell functions take place
1
Page 11 of 16
or
carries/holds the organelles/named organelles / named chemicals (including nutrients)
do not accept keeps the shape of the cell
or
contains water
or
presses out on the membrane
allow: keeps cell turgid
allows transport through the cell
B membrane
do not accept by themselves:
protects cell
gives shape
1
controls what enters/leaves the cell
1
or
contains the cell/holds the cell together
do not accept keeps harmful substances out
or
allows movement into and out of the cell C nucleus
1
contains the genetic
material/DNA/genes/chromosomes
do not accept:
brain of the cell
stores information/instructions
tells cell what to do
or
controls (the activity) of the cell
1
(b)
(i)
one mark for each correctly labelled part
cell wall
do not accept anything inboard of the inner edge vacuole
accept anything inboard of transplant
chloroplast: site of photosynthesis/ for photosynthesis
accept word equation or balanced equation
1
cell wall: supports the cell/keeps the shape/keeps it rigid
do not accept protects the cells
2
(ii)
vacuole: acts as reservoir for water / chemicals/(cell)/sap
3
Page 12 of 16
or
keeps cell turgid/pushes content to
edge
or
maintains concentration gradient
or
allows cell elongation (not growth)
1
[12]
M6.
(a)
award one mark for each key idea
energy released or energy transferred or respiration
allow provides or gives
do not allow produces or makes
3
near to the site of movement or
energy available quickly or more
energy
accept allows more mitochondria to fit in
(mitochondria) packed (around
filament) or efficient arrangement or
spiral arrangement
(b)
contains chromosomes or genes or
DNA
not genetic material
1
(which) contribute half (the genes) to
the fetus or offspring
23 chromosomes or half the genes
or reference to X,Y chromosome determining sex (if the notion of
halfness is there)
nucleus contains half genes for the offspring = 2 marks
1
[5]
Page 13 of 16
M7.
(a)
(i)
the three features correctly labelled on
cheek cell (which are referred to in
part (ii)
label lines should touch or end very close to part no marks if leaf
cell labelled
nucleus
cytoplasm
cell membrane
mitochondrion
accept mitochondria or one of these could be labelled vacuole
3
(ii)
any three from
feature
function
nucleus
controls cell
accept contains genetic material or genes or chromosomes or
stores information
do not credit the brain of the cell
cytoplasm
where respiration
occurs
accept contains food or mitochondria
or reactions occurs
membrane
less water or
chemicals
accept surrounds the cell or lets some things in but not others
do not credit keeps things out or protection
in and or out
mitochondria
where energy released
ecf from leaf cell labelling
accept chloroplasts make sugar or glucose
accept vacuole contains sap
accept if cell wall mis labelled on cheek cell, support or hold
together
3
Page 14 of 16
(b)
fight or ingest or kill bacteria or
germs or viruses or microbes
accept produce antitoxins or antibodies fight disease (organisms)
do not credit fungus
1
(transport) oxygen or carry
haemoglobin
accept transport carbon dioxide or helps form scabs
1
[8]
M8.
(a) (cell) wall
(cell) membrane
cytoplasm
vacuole
for 1 mark each
4
(b)
(i)
A
(ii)
B
for 1 mark each
2
(c)
diffusion
(reject osmosis)
for 1 mark
1
[7]
Page 15 of 16
Page 16 of 16