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Transcript
Or This
Stocking
Stuffers
Ms.
Barton’s
Gift to You
Don’t Do This
1
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5
Especially
Not This
Feds for 1
In February of 1861, the seven seceded states met in
Montgomery, Alabama, to
A)
found the Confederate States of America.
B)
discuss military strategy after the victory at First Bull
Run.
C)
decide how resources would be divided between the
seven states of the Confederacy.
D)
try to get Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia, and
Tennessee to join the Confederacy.
Check Your Answer
Feds for 1
a. In February of 1861, the seven
seceded states met in Montgomery,
Alabama to found the Confederate
States of America. While
Montgomery was the first capital of
the Confederacy, it was soon moved
to Richmond, Virginia.
Back to the Game Board
Feds for 2
The Confederate states' most important advantage
entering the Civil War is generally considered to be that
A)
their Navy was almost twice the size as that of the Union.
B)
the South was much more industrial than the North and
therefore produced more weapons.
C)
their soldiers knew how to ride horses and use firearms
better than any northerners did.
D)
they only had to fight a defensive war and outlast the
Union's will to fight in order to win.
Check Your Answer
Feds for 2
d. For the most part, the Confederates only had
to fight a defensive war and outlast the Union's
will to fight in order to win. This was their
greatest advantage. In fact, the turning point of
the war was when they abandoned this practice
and unsuccessfully invaded northern territory.
Back to the Game Board
Feds for 3
In the period before the Civil War, the principle of popular
sovereignty meant that whether or not a territory allowed
slavery would be left up to
A)
territorial legislatures.
B)
the United States Senate.
C)
the United States Supreme Court.
D)
the President most recently elected.
Check Your Answer
Feds for 3
a. The principle of popular sovereignty meant
that whether or not a territory allowed slavery
would be left up to territorial legislatures.
This was yet another attempt to settle the
slavery issue once and for all. Guess what?
It failed MISERABLY, too!
Back to the Game Board
Feds for 4
The Confederate states' most important advantage
entering the Civil War is generally considered to be that
A)
their Navy was almost twice the size as that of the Union.
B)
the South was much more industrial than the North and
therefore produced more weapons.
C)
their soldiers knew how to ride horses and use firearms
better than any northerners did.
D)
they only had to fight a defensive war and outlast the
Union's will to fight in order to win.
Check Your Answer
Feds for 4
d. For the most part, the Confederates only had
to fight a defensive war and outlast the Union's
will to fight in order to win. This was their
greatest advantage. In fact, the turning point of
the war was when they abandoned this practice
and unsuccessfully invaded northern territory.
Back to the Game Board
Feds for 5
During Reconstruction, the Black Codes
A)
protected the Constitutional rights and liberties of freed slaves.
B)
forced Congress to do the bidding of former Confederate
politicians.
C)
were enacted by the Radical Republicans to prevent racial
discrimination in the South.
D)
were laws passed by mainly Southern states to keep African
Americans in a system of virtual slavery.
Check Your Answer
Feds for 5
d. Black Codes were instituted on a state level
and were passed by mainly Southern states to
keep African Americans in a system of virtual
slavery.. These are NOT the same things as “Jim
Crow” laws, which were brought to bear at the
end of the 19th century.
Back to the Game Board
Turf for 1
Which area on the map represents the region where
sharecropping was the dominant form of agricultural production
in the late-1800s?
A)
B)
C)
D)
Check Your Answer
Turf for 1
c. Following the Civil War and the end of slavery,
sharecropping became the dominant system of
agriculture in the Southeast, region C on the
map. This was replaced the system of slavery,
and while the African American farmers might
have been "free" their rights were still severely
limited as to where they could farm and if they
could own land.
Back to the Game Board
Turf for 2
"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be
denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on
account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
- Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution This
amendment was created primarily for the purpose of
A)
punishing southern states.
B)
avoiding another Civil War.
C)
pardoning Confederate veterans.
D)
granting former slaves suffrage.
Check Your Answer
Turf for 2
d. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments
all deal with issues that surrounded the Civil War. The
fifteenth Amendment was created to allow all people,
regardless of race or ‘previous condition of servitude’
(slavery), the right to vote-suffrage, though many states
found ways to deny this right for the next one hundred
years.
Back to the Game Board
Turf for 3
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified following which war?
A)
Civil War
B)
Vietnam War
C)
World War II
D)
American Revolution
Check Your Answer
Turf for 3
a. The states in the Southern United
States did not vote to ratify the
amendment because it provided equal
protection for all citizens of the United
States—including those who were former
slaves. The Fourteenth Amendment was
ratified right after the Civil War.
Back to the Game Board
Turf for 4
The purpose of the Freedman’s Bureau was to
A)
provide 40 acres and a mule for each slave.
B)
gain the vote for millions of former slaves.
C)
provide work, education, and relief for former slaves.
D)
get radical Republicans in positions of power in the South
Check Your Answer
Turf for 4
c. The Freedman’s Bureau was created in
March of 1865 to provide work,
education, and relief for former slaves.
While the intentions were good, it ended
up being only modestly effective in the
south due to lingering prejudices in the
local governments there.
Back to the Game Board
Turf for 5
Accounting for almost 60% of American exports by the
beginning of the Civil War, which statement regarding the
impact of cotton is TRUE?
A)
The Northern states provided the labor for the cotton
plantations.
B)
The Southern states developed the plantation system and
rigid social classes.
C)
The invention of the cotton gin reduced the South's
dependency on cotton farming.
D)
The cotton production fueled the rise of manufacturing
centers in the Southern states.
Check Your Answer
Turf for 5
b. Accounting for almost 60% of American
exports by the Civil War, the growing of cotton
in the Southern states developed the plantation
system and rigid social classes. The invention
of Whitney's cotton gin increased the South's
dependency on cotton farming, much of which
was sent to Great Britain's manufacturing
centers.
Back to the Game Board
Antebellum for 1
Which is an example of the concept of Manifest Destiny in
action?
A)
the Compromise of 1850
B)
the Missouri Compromise
C)
the Transatlantic Slave Trade
D)
the annexation of Mexican territory
Check Your Answer
Antebellum for 1
d. Since "Manifest Destiny" was the belief that the U.S.
was ordained by God to spread to the Pacific Ocean, the
annexation of Mexican territory is the best answer here.
The other issues deal with slavery or slavery in the
territories of the United States.
Back to the Game Board
Antebellum for 2
Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized a
national meeting at Seneca Falls in 1848. The primary
purpose of this convention was to organize the
A)
abolition movement.
B)
temperance movement.
C)
women's suffrage movement.
D)
Native American assistance movement.
Check Your Answer
Antebellum for 2
c. While they did have decidedly anti-slavery
opinions, Mott and Stanton were key figures in
the women’s suffrage movement.. The Seneca
Falls Convention was meant to unify the
women’s movement, and though this was
successful it would take roughly another
seventy years to accomplish their ultimate goal
of women’s suffrage.
Back to the Game Board
Antebellum for 3
Which technological development led to an increased demand for slaves in
the United States during the early- to mid-1800s?
A)
the steel plow
B)
the cotton gin
C)
the mechanical reaper
D)
the combine harvester
Check Your Answer
Antebellum for 3
b. The technological breakthrough that led to an
increased demand for slaves in the early to mid
1800's was the cotton gin. Since the gin quickly
and easily separated the cotton fibers from the
seeds, plantation owners were able to increase
their rate of production which resulted in
greater demand for slaves to work in the fields.
Back to the Game Board
Antebellum for 4
In the early 1800s, many people in the United States migrated
westwards because
A)
of the growing timber industry.
B)
of the availability of farmland.
C)
transportation was easy thanks to the Transcontinental
Railroad.
D)
they wanted to escape slavery, which was illegal in western
territories.
Check Your Answer
Antebellum for 4
b. Though the journey west was dangerous and
long, many people went. Farmland in the east
was scarce an expensive: relatively few people
owned most of it. The lure of the availability of
farmland out west was attractive to a still
predominantly agrarian population. The settling
of western lands was part of the U.S.'s
"Manifest Destiny."
Back to the Game Board
Antebellum for 5
Which event is the BEST example of a conflict over
states' rights?
A)
Trail of Tears
B)
The War of 1812
C)
Nullification Crisis
D)
Election of Andrew Jackson
Check Your Answer
Antebellum for 5
c. From the choices provided, the Nullification
Crisis is the best example of a conflict over
states' rights. Southerners were impacted
negatively by the protective tariffs while the
North benefited economically. John C. Calhoun's
nullitication theory questioned the legality of
applying some federal laws in soverign states.
South Carolina nullified the tariff and threatened
to secede from the Union.
Back to the Game Board
House for 1
· Frederick Douglass
· William Lloyd Garrison
· Sojourner TruthAll of these were prominent names were
figures in WHICH social movement?
A)
abolition
B)
prohibition
C)
states rights
D)
prison reform
Check Your Answer
House for 1
a. All of these people were major figures in the abolition
movement. Douglass and Truth were both former slaves
who spoke of the evil's of slavery. Garrison was a
journalist who founded the abolitionist newspaper The
Liberator.
Back to the Game Board
House for 2
Which of these BEST describes the efforts of William
Lloyd Garrison?
A)
organized an unsuccessful slave revolt in 1826.
B)
advocated the settling of Liberia by freed slaves.
C)
advocated for educational reform in rural areas of the
U.S.
D)
urged immediate emancipation of slaves in the United
States.
Check Your Answer
House for 2
d. Garrison founded The Liberator in 1831, with
an anti-slavery message. Rather than suggest a
gradual elimination of of slavery, he urged
immediate emancipation of slaves in the United
States. His fiery abolitionist sentiments were
somewhat unusual for the day, especially given
the fact that he was not an African-American
.
Back to the Game Board
House for 3
Which BEST describes the social and political philosophy
of the Underground Railroad “conductor” Harriet
Tubman?
A)
Slavery should be tolerated until legal abolition.
B)
Slavery should only be allowed in states with economic
need.
C)
Slaves should be given the opportunity to purchase their
own freedom.
D)
Slaves should escape slavery using whatever means were
available to them.
Check Your Answer
House for 3
D) Harriet Tubman was a conductor on the Underground
Railroad, which means that she thought slaves should escape
slavery using whatever means were available to them. She
helped more than seventy African Americans escape slavery
using the same rural pathways and chain of hiding places that
she herself had used to escape to the North.
Back to the Game Board
House for 4
Who was the most vocal opponent of the Tariff of 1828 and
advocated "State's Rights" and "Nullification" in the growing
sectional conflicts between North and South?
A)
Henry Clay of Kentucky
B)
Andrew Jackson of Tennessee
C)
Daniel Webster of Massachusetts
D)
John C. Calhoun of South Carolina
Check Your Answer
House for 4
d. The most vocal opponent of the Tariff of 1828
was John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. In
1832, Calhoun resigned as Vice President in
order to become South Carolina's
representative in the Senate, a position from
which he could argue and advocate for
slavery, "State's Rights" and "Nullification."
Back to the Game Board
House for 5
Angelina and Sarah Grimke were sisters from South
Carolina and are MOST notable as being 19th century
A)
abolitionists.
B)
businesswomen.
C)
politicians.
D)
suffragettes.
Check Your Answer
House for 5
a. The Grimke sisters were unique not merely
because they were abolitionists but because
they were from South Carolina. Despite their
good intentions, many in the north criticized
them because they spoke to men AND women
during their abolitionist speeches, which was
considered inappropriate for that era.
Back to the Game Board
Yanks 1
In 1860, the southern states highlighted in red would have
been LEAST likely to
A)
use forced labor in its agricultural production.
B)
vote for Abraham Lincoln for President of the United
States.
C)
push for expansion of slavery in
western states and territories.
D)
support the notion of
"popular sovereignty" in the
debate over slavery.
Check Your Answer
Yanks 1
b. The areas in red are the Confederate States of
America, so they would NOT have voted for Abraham
Lincoln for President of the United States in 1860. In fact,
he did not even appear on the ballot in many southern
states.
Back to the Game Board
Yanks for 2
Which Civil War battle was significant in that the Union
army was able to halt Robert E. Lee's invasion of the
north?
A)
Fredericksburg
B)
Gettysburg
C)
Shiloh
D)
Trenton
Check Your Answer
Yanks for 2
b. The Battle of Gettysburg in the summer of 1863 was a
major victory for the Union forces commanded by General
George Meade. It is viewed by many historians as "the
turning point of the war," and it is significant because the
three day battle ended in a resounding victory for the
Union army. Robert E. Lee's forces suffered staggering
casualties and the Confederate army was driven out of
Pennsylvania- and the North- as a result of the battle.
Back to the Game Board
Yanks for 3
Union General Winfield Scott's plan to defeat the
Confederacy included a naval blockade of southern ports,
gaining naval control of the Mississippi River, and
invading the rebellious southern states. By what name
was General Scott's strategy known?
A)
Total War
B)
the Anaconda Plan
C)
Divide and Conquer
D)
the Cottonmouth Plan
Check Your Answer
Yanks for 3
b. General Winfield Scott's strategy was known
as the Anaconda Plan. This name was derived
from the fact that it resembled the coils of an
anaconda suffocating its victim. The snake
image caught on, giving the proposal its popular
name.
Back to the Game Board
Yanks for 4
Early in his Presidency, Abraham Lincoln declared that his
primary goal as President was to
A)
preserve the Union.
B)
encourage sectionalism.
C)
enforce the Emancipation Proclamation.
D)
end slavery throughout the entire country.
Check Your Answer
Yanks for 4
a. After the Election of 1860, states in the southern portion of
the country withdrew from the United States. Lincoln
attempted to preserve the Union by invading the South,
starting what became known as the Civil War.
Back to the Game Board
Yanks for 5
General William T. Sherman's "March to the Sea" was
important to the Union war effort because A)
it placed the Mississippi River under Union control.
B)
it convinced Great Britain to stop supporting the
Confederacy.
C)
important railroad tracks were destroyed, severing supply
lines for Confederate forces.
D)
Robert E. Lee was forced to surrender his forces as a
direct result of Sherman's victory.
Check Your Answer
Yanks for 5
c. Sherman’s destruction of Atlanta was not
only devastating to Southern morale but also
critical in dashing the hopes of the south
because important railroad tracks were
destroyed, severing supply lines for Confederate
forces. While the war dragged on to the north, it
would be over within months.
Back to the Game Board