* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
GEOGRAPHY 5: WORLD REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY: Final Exam Study Guide, FALL 2016. Chapter 7: Southwest Asia & North Africa Said, Orientalism, images of the region Islam, Mohammed, Angel Gabriel, Qur’an, Five Pillars, Sunni, Shia, Wahhabi, Sufi Mecca, Grand Mosque Benjamin Barber, Jihad v McWorld; Timothy Mitchell, McJihad Saudi Arabia, Ottomans, Rashids, Sauds, Great Britain, Wahhabis, Ibn al Saud, mujahedeen, Afghanistan, 9/11, Taliban, autocracy. United Arab Emirates—modernization, tourism, oil wealth, autocracy, Guest Workers, demographic imbalance, environmental impacts—Palm Jumeirah, World Islands. Colonial legacies, oil, Pan-Arab Nationalism, fundamentalism, Sunni v Shia. Israel-Arab conflict—1917 Balfour Agreement, UN Two State Mandate 1948, Arab Wars— 1948, 1956, 1967, 1973. Camp David Accords, 1976, Begin, Sadat, Carter. Gaza today—Hamas. West Bank—Fatah, Israeli settlements. Iran-Iraq conflict—1953 US backed coup in Iran, Iranian Revolution 1979 (Ayatollah Khomeini), Iraq-Iran war 1980-89, Saddam Hussein (US backed). Operation Desert Strom—1991, Kuwait, Iraq, Shias Operation Iraqi Freedom—2003, WMD (?), Hussein (a Sunni, Baathist) executed, who takes over?, Shia v. Sunni civil war, rise of ISIS (Sunnis, al Zarqawi, al Baghdadi…) Syrian civil war—2011, Arab Spring, ISIS, rebel groups, government forces (supported by Russia). Describe the viewpoints of the following scholars regarding the region of Southwest Asia, Islam, and the relationship they have with the “West:” Benjamin Barber, Samuel Huntington, Edward Said and Timothy Mitchell. Critique the idea that the Middle East is a uniform place with same people, same religion, all desert, etc. Describe the origins of Islam, its basic beliefs, its different branches and its geography. Describe how the country of Saudi Arabia came to exist and the relationship it has with the US, oil and religious fundamentalism. Compare and contrast the impact that oil has had in Saudi Arabia and in the United Arab Emirates. Explain how Israel and a Palestinian Arab state came to be and why there have been conflicts between them and how some of these have or have not been resolved. Describe the relationship between Iran and Iraq. What led to the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and why did Iraq invade Iran in 1980? Who did the United States support in this conflict and how did it lead to further U.S. involvement in the region? Describe the events (beginning with the invasion by the U.S. in 1991) that led to conflict in Iraq and how that conflict has affected other areas in the region. EXTRA CREDIT: Describe the four physiographic regions of Southwest Asia & North Africa. Chapter 11: East Asia Physiographic regions: outer China, inner China, peninsula, Pacific Ring of Fire Climate: latitude (huge range), monsoons (dry winters), Japan an island so more maritime, interior locations continentality. Subduction zones---Pacific plate, Eurasian plate, Philippine plate. Sendai earthquake, 2011, 9.0, tsunamis, Fukushima nuclear power plant, wave heights 30.5’. Sichuan earthquake, 2008, 8.0, 70,000 killed. Kobe earthquake, 1995, 6.8, 6400 killed. Economic growth in China—social and environmental problems, policy & political repression. Mao Zedong, Chinese Revolution Great Leap Forward, collectivization, backyard furnaces, Four Pests Campaign, close cropping, disaster. Deng Xiaoping, reforms: Open Door Policy, SEZs, One Child Policy. Success, but at what cost? Social costs—“illegal” immigrants, Hukou System, lower labor costs, eco-migrants. Environmental costs—air pollution, water pollution, desertification, habitat loss, endangered species, cancer villages, Three Gorges Dam, overconsumption (?). Political dissent—Tiananmen Square North and South Korea, DMZ, Kim Jung Un (son of Kim Jung Il), juche, state capitalism, chaebols. Describe East Asia’s four physiographic regions and the climates found in the region and the causes of these climates. Describe the tectonic environment of East Asia. What natural hazards does the region face? Provide examples. Explain how political repression and the policies of Mao Zedong and his fellow leaders created social and environmental catastrophe for China. Evaluate the changes brought after Mao died, in 1976, by Deng Xiaoping, considered a ‘reformer.’ Have the new Chinese leadership’s policies alleviated or exacerbated (made worse) the social (such as illegal labor and eco-migrants) and environmental problems in China? Why is reform so difficult? What environmental concerns does China currently face and what are their causes? Compare and contrast North and South Korea economically and socially.