Michael Vandiver BME 281 Section 2 24th Sept. 2012 What is a Cochlear Implant ? A Cochlear Implant is a small, surgically inserted device that connects to the inner cochlea of the ear to provide its user with a sense of sound. 3 types of Deafness 1. Conductive Hearing Loss 2. Sensory Hearing Loss 3. Mixed Hearing Loss Why is this device necessary ? Deafness is a known problem in society today and can produce a lesser quality of life for the person with this problem. This disability can be congenital, due to the aging process of the human body, caused by high levels of noise exposure, illnesses (such as the measles, mumps or meningitis) or Neurological disorders (such as multiple sclerosis or strokes). How a Cochlear Implant Works http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Poyj7U2wzhQ Current Technology Risks and Disadvantages The procedure is very invasive and some effects of the implantation are irreversible, such as a loss of natural hearing. Also, the procedure and maintenance of the device is very expensive Future of the Cochlear Implant A new product called the Electric Acoustic Stimulation (EAS) is another answer to partial hearing loss/ deafness that combines the usefulness of hearing aids with the highly technological cochlear implant to from a hybrid between the two. The cochlear implant is heading in the direction of becoming completely internal , as well as being smaller and providing the user with a cleaner, clearer and more natural experience of sound. Questions ?