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Welcome to Our Presentation
Culture of India
• The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
(SAARC) is an organization of south Asian nations, founded in
1985 and dedicated to economic, technological, social, and
cultural development emphasizing collective self-reliance. Its
seven founding members are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the
Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri-Lanka. Afghanistan joined
the organization in 2007. Meetings of heads of state are
usually scheduled annually; meetings of foreign secretaries,
twice annually. Headquarters are in Kathmandu, Nepal.
• India culture:
India is blessed with rich culture and heritage. The culture of India
is one of the oldest cultures in the world. Right from the medieval
period there prevail diverse cultural diversities in form of dances,
languages, religions, people, their customs, festivals. In spite of
so much of cultural diversities, Indian's are closely bond and
makes India as a great country perhaps because of its common
history. Dating back to over 5000 years old civilization, This
great Indian culture comprises of Indian music, Indian Dance,
Indian cuisine, costumes and Indian Festivals.
India’s Famous Festivals:
Festivals of India are characterized by color, gaiety, enthusiasm, prayers
and rituals.
• Diwali, the popular festival of Indians, celebrates the return of Lord
Rama and Sita from exile. Diwali is also called as the festival of lights.
It also celebrates the day Mother Goddess destroyed a demon called
'Mahisha' & Victory of Good over evil.
• Durga puja Durga literally means she who is difficult to reach in
Sanskrit. Goddess Durga is worshipped as a form of Shakti or energy.
She represents the infinite energy of the universe and is a symbol of
undying dynamism. Goddess Durga is also popularly called by other
names like Parvati, Ambika and Kali.
• Dussehra is a popular festival celebrated by the Hindu community all
over India, with different names and styles of celebrations. In some
parts of the country Dussehra is also called Vijayadashmi - Vijay
meaning victory and Dashmi meaning the tenth day. It was on this day
that Lord Rama defeated and killed the demon king Ravana of Lanka
and rescued his abducted wife Sita from Ravana’s clutches.
• Janmashtami:
The birth of Lord Krishna was the
incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This
incarnation was for ending the reign of evil
Kansa whose atrocities had been troubling
mankind. Janmashtami is observed is the
Shravan maas on the eighth day, the birth
falls in Rohini nakshatra that is in the
months of August-September.
Holi-Festival of Colours
Over the years, the festival of colours Holi
has been associated with freshness and
happiness. It has majorly influenced
Bollywood and the Indian film industry. It
has become a tradition in Hindi films to
essay the festival of holi.
• Other festivals in
 Gandhi Jayanti
Makar Sankranti
Maha shivaratri
Naag Panchami
Ganesh Chaturthi
Raksha andhan
 Independence Day
 Republic Day Buddha
 Pooram gomateshwara
 Pushkhar fair
 Tarnetar fair
 Kumbh mela
 The eclipse
 Mal-maas (additional
 Pradosha vrata
 Tyagaraja festival
Culture(Greetings, Marriages,
Dresses & Arts )
• "Unity in diversity". It is not just another phrase or quotation. But, these
words are highly prudent to a country like India that is incredibly rich in
culture and heritage. From the times of Mauryas, Cholas, Mughals till to
the period of British Empire, India has always been famous for its
traditions and hospitality.
• Way of greetings
"Namaste", for an Greetings Indian it's a way common way of greeting
outsiders and elders. Both palms placed together and raised below the face
not only show the respect for others but it also makes you feel the affection
in the greeting.
• Flower garlands
Indian people are also famous for welcoming with flower garlands. People
also offer flower garlands to gods and goddesses during their prayers.
• Indian marriages:
In India, marriage is still taken as an institution where not two people
but two families get united. In Hindu marriages, while Punjabis
perform the 'Roka' ceremony in weddings, Sindhis perform the
'Berana'. But most common of all is the ritual of Hast Milap ceremony
popularly called Paanigrahan Sanskar.
Muslims also have their own special way of celebrating the marriage
ceremony, popularly called Nikaah.
Indian dresses:
Beauty of Indian women lies in the clothes she wears. In rural parts a
version of sari, called ghagara -choli is very much popular. Choli is
like a short blouse that covers the upper part of the body and ghagara is
like a long skirt. In order to have a graceful and complete look, women
folk carry a duppatta, which is a soft and delicate material of
reasonable length thrown over the shoulder.
Arts & crafts of India:
Indian art and craft has made its special place and is well renowned all over the
world. The major art and craft of India includes Indian handicrafts like paintings,
textile, jewelry, stone and woodcrafts and much more..
Ornaments & Jewellery
Embroidery Painting
Paper Crafts
Applique Work
Indian dance:
Indian Dance art is also one of the age-old tradition prevailing in India.
 Karnataka Dance
 Manipuri Dances
 Andhra Pradesh Dances
 Rajasthan (Jaipur Dances)
 Assam Dances
 Varot nattoym
• Languages & literature in India:
There are numerous linguistic communities prevailing in the sub-continent
of India, each of which shares a common language and culture. Some
Indian languages have a long literary history--Sanskrit literature is more
than 5,000 years old which gave birth to other Indian languages and
Religion & Beliefs
• India is a land of many religions with its deep historical rootsIndian
religion is not reachable without understanding its religious beliefs and
practices, which have a large impact on the society and its people.
 Islam:
 Hinduism:
 Buddhuism
 Christianity
Rituals and Holy Places. The thousands of rituals and millions of shrines,
temples, and other holy places of many faiths defy categorization here.
For Hindus, large pilgrimage temples are the holiest centers, whereas for
Muslims the tombs of saints ( pir ) are the most important. For Buddhists,
many of them overseas visitors, the sites associated with the Buddha are
Religion & Beliefs
• Death and the Afterlife:
While Muslims, Jews, and Christians pray that their individual souls will go
to a paradise after death, Hindu ideas about the afterlife are very different.
Muslims, Jews, and Christians bury their dead in cemeteries, as do most
Zoroastrians today. Zoroastrians noted for their Towers of Silence in
Bombay and a few other cities: stone structures where corpses are exposed
to the air and particularly to the vultures that congregate there.
India Monuments
• India’s famous Monuments are:
• Agra Fort
• Ashoka Pillar
• Charminar
• City Palace Jaipur
• Fatehpursikri
• Gateway of India
• Hampi Monuments
• Hawa Mahal
• India Gate
• Jantar Mantar
• Parliament House
• Qutub Minar
• Rashtrapati Bhavan
Social culture
Caste system:
In India, the caste system developed and is
prevalent since ancient times and it remains
as a great thorn and mystery in the flesh of
Mother India.
The Indian women:
India has almost an equal number of men and
women and almost half of the women belong
to the uneducated category. But now thanks
to westernization and wide approval of
education their number is dwindling by the
thousands.Most of the rural women do the
jobs of both a householder and a wageearning laborer to make both ends meet.
Social Culture
• Joint Family System:
With Westernization and technological improvements, the world has been
introduced with the concept of nuclear families where a newly- wed
couple start their life alone.
• Education:
In ancient India, the Gurukul system of education was followed where an
overall knowledge was imparted to the student who is to be away from
home for most of his educative years. It was a residential type of education
with total submission to the Guru or teacher.
• Infant care:
Infant care is almost completely the responsibility of mothers, older
siblings, and grandmothers. When the mother works in the fields or a
factory, a grandmother commonly is the chief provider of daytime care for
an infant.
Indian Economy & Globalization
• The human society around the world, over a period of time, has established
greater contact, but the pace has increased rapidly since the mid 1980’s.The
term globalization means international integration. It includes an array of
social, political and economic changes. Unimaginable progress in modes of
communications, transportation and computer technology have given the
process a new lease of life.
In early 1990s the Indian economy had witnessed dramatic policy changes.
The idea behind the new economic model known as Liberalization,
Privatization and Globalization in India (LPG), was to make the Indian
economy one of the fastest growing economies in the world.
Temples in India
• India is known as one of the few countries in the world that has a
heritage dating back centuries ago. Well it can be proved till date as
the temples stand witness to the rich cultural heritage of our country.
Travel to the north of the country or the south there are temples and
heritage sites that will take your breath away. Some are so profound
with beauty that they are made tourist spots for people not only in
the country but for tourists from abroad too.
Some famous temples to mention are the Khajuraho Temple,
Badrinath, Pushkar, Tirupati, Kanyakumari, Srimahavirji,
Kedarnath, Dwarkadeesh, Ajanta Cave Temples, Kalkaji,
Birlamandir, Lotus temple and Meenakshi temple.
• The term culture refers to a state of intellectual development or
manners. The social and political forces that influence the growth of a
human being is defined as culture.
Indian culture is rich and diverse and as a result unique in its very own
way. Our manners, way of communicating with one another, etc are
one of the important components of our culture. Even though we have
accepted modern means of living, improved our lifestyle, our values
and beliefs still remain unchanged. A person can change his way of
clothing, way of eating and living but the rich values in a person
always remains unchanged because they are deeply rooted within our
hearts, mind, body and soul which we receive from our culture.
• Indian culture treats guests as god and serves them and takes care of
them as if they are a part and parcel of the family itself. Even though
we don’t have anything to eat, the guests are never left hungry and are
always looked after by the members of the family. Elders and the
respect for elders is a major component in Indian culture. Elders are
the driving force for any family and hence the love and respect for
elders comes from within and is not artificial. An individual takes
blessings from his elders by touching their feet. Elders drill and pass
on the Indian culture within us as we grow.