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Spring Semester Final Review 1. What is the current trend in population growth? 2. Before the Industrial Revolution, what was the level of development for all countries? Why was this so? 3. What factors may cause a decrease in population? 4. How do physical features influence size and location of settlements? 5. How do human features influence settlement patterns? 6. What era caused the greatest surge in population? Why? 7. What grows faster; less developed or more developed countries? Why? 8. What has led to population growth slowing down in more developed nations? 9. What is the difference between birth rate and fertility rate? What are the 2 biggest factors in the fertility rate? 10. What are the 4 processes that change settlement patterns? Give examples. 11. What is the main factor that is driving urbanization in the world? 12. What factor changes a countries level of development? 13. What are the 3 levels of development? 14. What is the economic activity of each level of development? What does this do for a country’s standard of living and why? 15. Define push and pull factors. Give examples for each. 16. How do social, cultural, political, economic and environmental factors influence migration (push-pull)? 17. What are the 3 shapes of population pyramids? 18. Refer back to LG 3 notes: analyze the population pyramids in the power point on the 1st slide. What is the level of development and growth rate for China, South Sudan, Germany, USA, Lesotho and Afghanistan? How can you tell? 19. What does the Demographic Transition Model show? Which stage belongs to which level of development? 20. What is globalization? 21. How has it impacted the world: politically, economically, culturally, and socially? 22. List the benefits and challenges of globalization. 23. How is economic interdependence both a positive and a negative? 24. What technology has allowed globalization to move so rapidly? 25. Due to a lack of regulations in developing nations, what are some problems that are occurring? 26. What is outsourcing and why is it so common these days? 27. How do large scale events which occur in cities help to increase population over time? 28. How does geographic location influence a country’s level of development? Spring Semester Final Review 29. How does GDP/capita help determine a country’s level of development? 30. What is the connection between a country’s level of development and economic activities? 31. List and then define the 4 types of economic activities. Give examples of occupations within the economic activities and the corresponding level of development. 32. Define subsistence and commercial agriculture. What are the key differences between the two? Where would you find the two in terms of location and level of development? 33. Define cottage and commercial industry. What are the key differences between the two? 34. What are the 5 factors that determine the location of economic activities? Why is each necessary? 35. Where is manufacturing found and why? What is the country’s level of development when the majority of its people work in industry? 36. How do changes in climate, resources and infrastructure affect the location of economic activities? Address ALL 3! 37. What does the discovery of natural resources do for economic activities? 38. Due to the discovery of natural resources, what builds up around the area? 39. Why is infrastructure so imperative (necessary) for economic development? 40. So, if transportation routes move, how might this affect the economic development of an area? 41. Define sustainability in terms of economic progress and resource management. Why is sustainability such an important concept in the world today? 42. How does the location of resources affect the movement of people, products and money in the world? Address ALL 3! 43. How has modern technology affected the movement of people in regards to resources? 44. Why is the location of resources so important in terms of movement of products? 45. How does the type of government a country help determine solutions for resource management? 46. Most totalitarian governments have what type of economic system? Democratic governments have what type of economic system? 47. What is the purpose of environmental regulations within a country? What is the level of development of a country with little to no regulations? 48. What is globalization and is it a new idea? What countries or regions have been linked by historic global trade routes? 49. What is outsourcing? Why is outsourcing happening and what region of the world is reaping the benefits of outsourcing/global trade? 50. What is culture (define)? What are the 5 elements of culture? Spring Semester Final Review 51. What 2 elements of culture bring unity or conflict and why? 52. What is the difference between a belief/custom and an institution? 53. Describe the different cultural regions within Texas? How does physical geography influence the human culture of each region? 54. How does the culture of Texas influence innovation, business and population growth? 55. How is population growth in Texas influencing physical geographic factors? 56. How and why are rural and urban areas normally so different from one another in terms of economy, politics, culture and society? 57. Define homogenous and heterogeneous societies. 58. Define monotheistic and polytheistic religions. 59. What does it mean for a religion to be moralistic vs. philosophical? Which religions are moralistic? Which are philosophical? 60. Why is Abraham so vital to the 3 main monotheistic religions and what are those religions? Why are his wives and sons key to the debate between the 3 main monotheistic religions? 61. Give the key characteristics of each of the religions covered in Unit 6 and where they are most common and why. 62. How do the origins of a country’s settlement help determine the country’s culture? Use the USA, Latin/South America and Canada as your examples. 63. Why do immigrants leave their homeland and come to other countries? Why do refugees from other nations leave new countries? Give examples that address the PECS. 64. Why do so few citizens of developed nations immigrate to other developed nations? What physical and human geographic factors account for this? 65. What is the difference between Colonialization and Imperialism? What are their current impacts? 66. What human geographic factors are usually the reasons for act of violence by one group against a nation? 67. What is the definition of location? What are the two different types of location? When is using location useful? 68. What is the definition of place? What are the geographic factors that can describe place? When is using place useful?