Download Guide to Frequently Used Acronyms and Terms

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Guide to Frequently Used Acronyms and Terms
ABR: Auditory Brainstem Response. A non-invasive hearing test that measures response to
auditory stimuli through brainstem. Often used for screening newborns
ASL: American Sign Language
A-V: Auditory Verbal. A method of teaching children with hearing loss to listen and speak without
relying on visual means
BOA: Behavioral Observation Audiometry. A hearing test that assesses a baby’s behavior in
response to sound (Startle, eye movement, head movement, sucking cessation)
dB: Decibel. A unit of measure for the perceived loudness of sound
Hearing Screen: A brief or limited evaluation of a person’s ability to hear fully. If indicated by
the screening, individual should then be referred for a secondary screening and/or a fully
diagnostic hearing test
OAE: Otoacoustic Emission. A passive audiological test that verifies cochlear (inner ear) activity
TC: Total Communication. An approach to education of deaf students which combines speech, sign
language and finger-spelling
*Taken from National goals of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI)