Download Selenium is a chemical element with atomic number 34

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Selenium is a chemical element with atomic number 34, chemical symbol Se, an atomic mass of 78.96, and in Group
VI and period 4 in the Periodic Table .It’s melting point is 221°C (430 °F).It’s boiling point is685°C (1265°F).It is a non-metal,
whose properties are intermediate between those of adjacent chalcogen elements sulfur and tellurium. It rarely occurs
in its elemental state in nature, but instead is obtained as a side-product in the refining of other elements.
Selenium is found in sulfide ores such as pyrite, where it partially replaces the sulfur. Minerals that are selenide or
selenate compounds are also known, but they are rare. The chief commercial uses for selenium today are
in glassmaking and pigments. The uses of selenium in electronics, is important, until it have been supplanted
by silicon semiconductor devices. It is a semiconductor with the unusual property of conducting electricity better in the
light than in the dark, and is used in photocells. Selenium is a trace mineral that is essential to good health but
required only in small amounts. Selenium is incorporated into proteins to make selenoproteins, which are important
antioxidant enzymes. The antioxidant properties of selenoproteins help prevent cellular damage from free radicals.
Free radicals are natural by-products of oxygen metabolism that may contribute to the development of chronic
diseases such as cancer and heart disease. Other selenoproteins help regulate thyroid function and play a role in the
immune system.
(Figure 2, the electron diagram of Selenium)