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NAME DATE Guided Reading CLASS netw rks The First Americans Lesson 2 Cities and Empires ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do civilizations rise and fall? Great Civilizations of Mexico, Central America, and South America Answering Questions As you read the section, answer the questions below. 2. Explaining Give three reasons why the great civilizations of Mexico, Central America, and South America were considered advanced. 3. Paraphrasing Give a short summary of what you read about the Olmec culture. 4. Listing Name three types of food that Maya farmers cultivated. Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1. Listing Name four great ancient civilizations, or highly developed societies, of Mexico, Central America, and South America. NAME DATE Guided Reading Cont. CLASS netw rks The First Americans 5. Describing Explain the political structure of Maya society, including what type of leaders it had. 6. Identifying List some of the advances and accomplishments made in Maya society. 7. Specifying The Maya civilization carried on an extensive trade network. Name several specific types of goods that the Maya traded. 9. Explaining Explain why Tenochtitlán was an amazing feat of engineering. 10. Speculating How do you think the Aztec Empire became so large and powerful? Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8. Summarizing Briefly explain why the Aztec decided to build their capital city of Tenochtitlán in the middle of Lake Texcoco. NAME DATE CLASS Guided Reading Cont. netw rks The First Americans The Great Inca Civilization Identifying Fill in the missing information to complete the chart about the Inca Empire. Category Answer 1. 2. Cuzco 4. Eligible for army draft Clubs, spears, spiked copper balls on ropes, slings and stones 5. Types of crops 6. 7. Transportation system religious site hidden up in the Andes Mountains 8. 9. Quechua System of recordkeeping 10. Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies. Location Area covered 3.