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Semester 1
AP World History Final
Historians have a limited understanding about how people lived and interacted with
the environment during this time period. However, the source of this limited
understanding is based on cave drawings and simple hand tools.
a. complex societies
b. Neolithic period
c. Paleolithic period
d. Ancient era
2. This is one of the early craft industries that emerged during the Neolithic period.
Copper and tin were needed to create this craft. This craft would later be refined
and used for a variety of purposes.
a. textiles
b. oracle bones
c. metallurgy
d. cave drawings
3. This is a period of time when domestication of plants and animals started and
nomadic herding occurred. Simple tools were also developed.
a. nomadic times
b. Neolithic period
c. complex societies
d. nomadic villages
4. Larger population, a variety of specialized crafts, professional farmers, organized
governments, and organized public rituals were all qualities
a. complex societies
b. Neolithic villages
c. Hunter and gathers
d. Ancient villages
5. Read the following sentence. Which emerging philosophy is being described? People
would demonstrate an attitude of kindness, benevolence, or sense of humility. Next,
individuals would behave in conventional appropriate fashion, and finally piety would
hold the family together.
a. Daoism
b. Buddhism
c. Judaism
d. Confucianism
6. This is a philosophy that represented an effort to understand the characteristics of
the world and nature. The central concept means “the way.”
a. Daoism
b. Buddhism
c. Judaism
d. Confucianism
Semester 1
AP World History Final
7. The Four Noble truths, teaches that all life involves suffering; that desire is the
cause of suffering; that elimination of desire brings and end to suffering; and that
disciplined life conducted with the noble Eightfold Path brings an end of desire. The
Four Noble truths are the foundation of what religion?
a. Daoism
b. Buddhism
c. Judaism
d. Confucianism
8. This is a religion based on the Hebrews’ laws, the Ten Commandments, that
emphasizes the importance of all individuals and also emphasizes human relationships.
They taught that all people even the ruler were responsible for upholding the laws.
a. Daoism
b. Buddhism
c. Judaism
d. Confucianism
9. Christianity is a monotheistic religion that stresses the importance of salvation
through faith in Jesus Christ and is the offshoot of which major religion?
a. Daoism
b. Buddhism
c. Judaism
d. Confucianism
Chapter 2
10. The first complex society developed in the southern Mesopotamian land of
a. Akkad.
b. Assyria.
c. Sumer.
d. Babylonia.
e. Palestine.
(p. 32)
11. Mesopotamian cultural and political brilliance reached its peak during the reign of
a. Sargon of Akkad.
b. Hammurabi.
c. Gilgamesh.
d. Menes.
e. Nebuchadnezzar.
(p. 36)
12. In Mesopotamia, prisoners of war, convicted criminals, and heavily indebted
individuals were the three main sources for
a. slaves.
b. indentured servants.
c. dependent clients.
d. mercenary soldiers.
e. indentured priests.
(p. 42)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
13. Mesopotamia developed into
a. a strict patriarchal society.
b. a society where the sexes enjoyed relative equality.
c. a predominantly matriarchal society.
d. a society with few social distinctions.
e. a society dominated by a growing mercantile middle class.
(p. 42)
14. Ethical monotheism was in the tradition of the
a. Mesopotamians.
b. Egyptians.
c. Assyrians.
d. Hebrews.
e. Phoenicians.
(p. 46)
15. Hebrew law
a. rose up independently and was thus completely original.
b. borrowed the concept of lex talionis from Hammurabi’s Code.
c. was mainly influenced by liberal Assyrian concepts.
d. gave women more freedom than did any other ancient society.
e. influenced Hammurabi’s Code.
(p. 45)
Chapter 3
16. Which of the following societies began the custom of embalming to preserve the
body for its life after death?
a. Egypt
b. Mesopotamia
c. India
d. China
e. Persia
(p. 59)
Chapter 4
17. The earliest known civilization in India was the
a. Bantu.
b. Indo-European.
c. Harappan.
d. Sumerian.
e. Hindu.
(p. 88)
18. In Hinduism the highest goal of the individual soul was
a. to follow the Four Noble Truths.
b. to escape the cycle of birth and rebirth and enter into permanent union with
c. to enter into permanent union with Indra and thus escape the cycle of permanent
d. to fulfill the individual’s special destiny as spelled out in the process of
Semester 1
AP World History Final
Chapter 5
19. The Shang rulers were strengthened by their control over the technological
advantage of
a. iron.
b. bronze.
c. tin.
d. copper.
e. steel.
(p. 112)
20. In an effort to foretell the future, the Shang made use of
a. a careful examination of the movements of the planets.
b. a sheep’s entrails.
c. oracle bones.
d. prophetic visions brought about by consuming soma.
e. tea leaves.
(p. 124)
Chapter 6
21. The first society of Mesoamerica, which founded traditions followed by all later
societies, was the
a. Maya.
b. Olmec.
c. Teotihuacan.
d. Mochica.
e. Aztec.
(p. 136)
22.Which of the following mathematical concepts, essential for positional notation and
the manipulation of large numbers, was invented by Mayan mathematicians?
a. infinity
b. zero
c. long division
d. exponential notation
e. negative numerals
(p. 140)
23. The Popol Vuh was
a. the most important of the Mayan gods.
b. the largest Olmec ceremonial center.
c. the Mayan story of creation.
d. the greatest Austronesian epic.
e. the Olmec law code.
(p. 141)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
24. According to the Popol Vuh, the gods created the first successful version of humans
out of
a. wood.
b. clay.
c. the flesh of the gods.
d. maize.
e. blood.
(p. 141)
Chapter 7
25. The Medes and the Persians were
a. Sumerians who migrated from Mesopotamia to Persia.
b. Babylonians who migrated from Mesopotamia to Persia.
c. Indo-Europeans who migrated from Anatolia to Iran.
d. Indo Europeans who migrated from Central Asia to Persia.
26. To govern a far flung empire consisting of more than seventy distinct ethnic groups,
the Acaemenid rulers.
a. divided the empire into 23 satrapies to be ruled by Persian leaders.
b. forced the people to obey Persian culture.
c. forced all people to speak Persian.
d. decentralized their administration.
The Persian Wars (500-479 B.C.E.) referred to
the rebellions of Mesopotamia and Egypt against the Acaemenid overlord.
the rebellions of the Greek city-states, fighting for their independence.
the series of civil wars that occurred within the Acaemenid empire.
None of the above.
Chapter 8
28. Confucius never composed formal writings, but his disciples collected his remarks
into a work called:
a. The Daodejing
b. The Book of Songs
c. The Book of History
d. The Analects
29. The excavation site of the First Emperor’s tomb nearby Xi’an is a great tourist
attraction. When you visit the tomb you can see
a. a great terra-cotta army of Qin soldiers and calvary.
b. sacrificed slaves, concubines, and craftsmen who designed and built the tomb.
c. a map of the emperor’s realm on the ceiling.
d. an underground palace lined with bronze.
e. all of the above.
Semester 1
AP World History Final
Chapter 9
30. According to legend, Siddhartha Gautama, the first Buddha, abandoned his family and
comfortable life to lead the existence of a holy man because of his concern with
a. suffering.
b. the souls of everything in the universe.
c. social responsibility associated with his caste.
d. his guilt over his behavior in battle.
31. The religious goals of early Buddhism was
a. “turning the wheel of the law”
b. the Four Noble Truths.
c. The Noble Eightfold Path.
d. Nirvana.
e. reincarnation.
Chapter 10
32. The Greeks used the word polis to refer to
a. the concept of excessive pride.
b. the city-state.
c. the notion of loyalty to the central government.
d. the pursuit of truth.
e. barbarians.
(p. 234–235)
33. The Spartans were constantly afraid of the prospect of an uprising by serfs known as
a. helots.
b. poleis.
c. Minoans.
d. Athenians.
e. Dravidians.
(p. 235)
34. Who won the Peloponnesian War?
a. Persia
b. Carthage
c. Sparta
d. Athens
e. Thebes
(p. 239)
35. In the years after the Persian War, the leader of the Delian League was
a. Sparta.
b. Persia.
c. Athens.
d. Miletus.
e. Syracuse.
(p. 239)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
36. In The Republic, Plato proposed that the true rulers of society should be
a. the descendents of Socrates.
b. the electorate through a democratic framework.
c. the Spartans because of their emphasis on character and control.
d. the Athenians because of their wealth and fame.
e. philosopher kings.
(p. 252)
Chapter 11
37. In an effort to alleviate social tensions this group was allowed to elect two and then
later ten tribunes.
a. plebeians
b. slaves
c. patricians
d. consuls
e. dictators
(p. 262)
38. During times of crisis the Romans would appoint an official with absolute power known as
a. consul.
b. tribune.
c. archon.
d. emperor.
e. dictator.
(p. 263)
39. The Roman conquest of Gaul, Germany, Britain, and Spain
a. led to unprecedented economic devastation.
b. led to profound social problems caused by massive Roman slavery.
c. reduced these states to nothing more than agrarian villages.
d. brought millions more into the latifundia system.
e. stimulated the development of the local economies and states.
(p. 268)
40. The period known as the pax romana was started by
a. the Gracchi brothers.
b. Julius Caesar.
c. Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
d. Augustus Caesar.
e. Mark Antony.
(p. 270)
41. The Romans had a long tradition of written law stretching back to 450 B.C.E. and the
creation of the
a. Ten Commandments.
b. Twelve Tables.
c. Etruscan Code.
d. Patrician Standards.
(p. 271)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
Chapter 12
42. Buddhism was spread to China by
a. Indian holy men.
b. the Mauryan emperor Ashoka.
c. foreign merchants.
d. the Koreans.
e. the Buddha.
(p. 293)
Chapter 13
43. Justinian’s most important and long-lasting political achievement was
a. his reconquest of the western half of the Roman Empire.
b. his democratic reforms.
c. his religious compromise between the Roman Catholic and the Greek Orthodox
d. his codification of Roman law.
e. his establishment of a lasting peace with the Islamic world.
(p. 317)
Chapter 14
44. The Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca is known as the
a. hajj.
b. hijra.
c. gadis.
d. sharia.
(p. 341)
45. The phrase dar al-Islam means
a. “victory of god.”
b. “conquest of Islam.”
c. “warrior of Islam.”
d. “missionary of the divine faith.”
e. “house of Islam.”
46. The Quran
a. is the holy book of Islam.
b. were the priests who watched over the Ka’ba.
c. was Muhammad’s journey to Yathrib.
d. is the law code of Islam.
e. were Islamic scholarly bureaucrats.
(p. 344)
47. The Sufis believed
a. in reconciling the spiritual and rational worlds.
b. that they, and not the Umayyads, were the legitimate rulers of the Islamic world.
c. in an emotional and mystical union with Allah.
d. that the leadership of the Islamic world had to pass through the line of Ali.
(p. 361)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
Chapter 15
48. The Tang plan to avoid the concentration of land in the hands of the wealthy was called
a. Hangzhou system.
b. Tang Taizong system.
c. kowtow system.
d. equal-field system.
e. new economic plan.
(p. 373)
49. During the Tang dynasty, the imperial civil service examinations
a. declined dramatically in importance.
b. were expanded and allowed posts to be filled with officials of genuine intellectual
c. were halted and not restarted until the Ming dynasty.
d. were restricted to the wealthier families.
e. were monopolized by the foreign Manchus and used for their advantage.
(p. 373)
50. During the Tang dynasty,
a. powerful neighbors kept the Chinese from expanding.
b. most of far western China fell to barbarian tribes.
c. Japan was brought under complete Chinese control.
d. Chinese armies pushed into Korea, Manchuria, Tibet, and northern Vietnam.
e. Japanese forces captured northern China.
(p. 373)
51. Foot binding is probably the best example of
a. the technological brilliance of the Song dynasty.
b. the influence of Buddhist customs as the religion became popular in China.
c. the increasingly patriarchal nature of Chinese society.
d. the influence of Japanese traditions on the Chinese.
e. the increasing freedom of Chinese women during the Song dynasty.
52. The native religion of Japan is
a. Hinduism.
b. Buddhism.
c. Shintoism.
d. Daoism.
(p. 391)
53. What was the title of the military governor who ruled in place of the Japanese
a. Shogun
b. Samurai
c. Kamakazi
d. Shinto
(p. 393)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
Chapter 16-17
54. After the collapse of western Roman authority,
a. Germanic tribes established regional kingdoms.
b. a greater pan-Germanic empire was established.
c. the Visigoths created imperial unity.
d. the Byzantine Empire expanded into the west, to re-create a lasting imperial state.
e. Europe was overrun and united by Islamic forces.
(p. 429)
55. Which Germanic tribe played the most important role in establishing the foundations of
European development?
a. Visigoths
b. Angles
c. Franks
d. Ostrogoths
e. Vandals
(p. 429)
56. The fifth-century Frankish leader whose conversion to Christianity led to a centurieslong relationship with the popes in Rome was
a. Odovacer.
b. Clovis.
c. Charles Martel.
d. Charlemagne.
e. Charles the Fat.
(p. 430)
57. In medieval society, political power was vested in
a. a strong centralized government.
b. local authorities.
c. the pope.
d. the hands of the Holy Roman Emperor.
e. the hands of the Byzantine emperor.
(p. 437)
58. The most important relationship in feudalism was between
a. king and pope.
b. serf and pope.
c. lord and retainer.
d. serf and merchant.
e. king and archbishop.
(p. 438)
59. Fiefs were
a. peasants, who were legally tied to the soil.
b. officials sent out by Charlemagne.
c. gifts given from the retainer to the lord as a sign of submission.
d. grants of land.
e. monks who turned away from the temptations of the secular world.
(p. 438)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
60. The retainer would owe loyalty, obedience, and military service to his lord in return for
a. a cash payment.
b. grants of land. *
c. a remission of excommunication.
d. democratic concessions.
e. representation on the lord’s council.
(p. 438)
Chapter 18
61. Chinggis Khan
a. created a tightly structured centralized government.
b. relied heavily on the Chinese to fill major governmental positions.
c. did not establish a centralized government in the lands he conquered.
d. carried Chinese governmental techniques to Persia.
(p. 464)
62. The Chaghatai khans ruled
a. China.
b. Russia.
c. Persia.
d. Southeast Asia.
e. Central Asia.
(p. 464)
63. Marco Polo spent almost twenty years at the court of
a. Chinggis Khan.
b. Tamerlane.
c. Hülegü.
d. Chaghatai.
e. Khubilai Khan.
(p. 464)
Chapter 19
64. Griots were
a. the legendary kings of Mali.
b. aqueducts that were essential for life in the oasis towns of the Sahara.
c. singers and storytellers.
d. Swahili slave traders.
e. tribal shamans.
(p. 477)
65. Mali became the wealthiest kingdom in sub-Saharan Africa because of
a. its technological leadership.
b. its alliance with Spain.
c. its control of the gold trade. *
d. its control of the spice trade.
(p. 477)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
66. By 1000, most parts of Africa south of the equator had been settled by people speaking
what language?
a. Mali
b. Swahili
c. Kongo
d. Indo-European
e. Bantu
(p. 478)
67. In regard to political structure, the early Bantu societies
a. governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups.
b. depended on a strong, centralized kingship.
c. developed an elaborate hierarchy of officials.
d. were influenced by their trading contacts with Rome.
e. were governed by a centralized, theocratic structure.
(p. 479)
68. A Bantu village ruling council was made up of
a. the land-owning aristocracy.
b. villagers wealthy enough to qualify for citizenship.
c. the male heads of families.
d. a matriarchal hierarchy.
e. shamanistic elite.
(p. 479)
Chapter 20
69. The single biggest obstacle to the rise of a powerful Holy Roman Empire was
a. continual invasions by the French.
b. the reoccurring appearance of epidemic diseases.
c. occasional invasions from the Huns.
d. an ongoing conflict with the papacy.
e. continuous tensions caused by border disputes with England.
(p. 503)
70. The Crusades
a. stopped all trade between the eastern and western Mediterranean because of the
constant warfare.
b. had virtually no impact on trade whatsoever.
c. increased trade between the eastern and western Mediterranean.
d. led to a slight decline in trade in the Mediterranean.
e. introduced the Black Death into Europe.
(p. 525)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
Chapter 21
71. Mexica
a. was the region that originally gave rise to the first Aztecs.
b. was the name of the lake where the Aztecs established their capital.
c. were the people who were later called Aztecs.
d. was the principal god of the early Aztecs.
(p. 531)
72. The chinampa system refers to
a. the process by which the Aztecs determined the victims for ritualistic sacrifice.
b. the Aztec practice of dredging fertile muck from the lake’s bottom.
c. the core of the Inca imperial administrative structure.
d. the Inca system for memorizing facts without the use of a written language.
(p. 532)
73.The primary role of women in Mexica society
a. was to serve as attendants in temples dedicated to the warrior cult.
b. was to serve as priestesses in the mysterious Chavin cult.
c. was to serve as unofficial political and social leaders while the men served as warriors.
d. was to bear children.
(p. 534)
74. A Mexica woman who died in childbirth
a. suffered the greatest shame for her inability to serve the state.
b. was denied the right to pass onto the afterworld.
c. won the same fame as warriors who died valiantly in battle.
d. was seen as a sign of the gods’ displeasure with the tribe.
(p. 534)
Ch 22
75.The outbreak of the bubonic plague in the fourteenth century began in
a. England.
b. Africa.
c. India.
d. China.
(p. 577)
76. Which one of the following was not a common result of the bubonic plague?
a. a decline in trade
b. a temporary decrease in workers’ wages
c. a decline in population
d. peasant rebellions caused by efforts to freeze wages
(p. 579)
77. The Renaissance began in
a. England.
b. northern Italy.
c. Spain.
d. France.
(p. 582)
Semester 1
AP World History Final
78. Central to Renaissance thought was
a. a fascination with the ancient world.
b. a deeply religious desire to withdraw from the world.
c. a desire to re-create the glory of Byzantium.
d. an appreciation for the art and thought of the middle ages.
(p. 582)