Download Chapter 23 Section 3 Hideki Tojo − Japanese general and ______

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Transcript
Chapter 23 Section 3
1. Hideki Tojo − Japanese general and _____________ ______________ during World War II
2. Pearl Harbor − site in Hawaii of the United States ________________ main Pacific base
3. WAC − ___________________ _______________ _____________; volunteer organization that
provided clerical workers, truck drivers, instructors, and lab technicians for the army
4. Douglas MacArthur − general who served as __________________of United States Army forces
in Asia
5. Bataan Death March − grueling march in which Japanese troops forced _____________and
___________________ prisoners of war to walk more than 60 miles to prison camps
6. Battle of Coral Sea − battle that provided a strategic American _______________ and marked
the key role of aircraft carriers and fighter planes in the war in the Pacific
How did the United States react to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?
7. A surprise attack on the American naval base at ____________ _____________, Hawaii, ended
the debate between isolationists and interventionists.
8. The _____________ ______________ was going to war.
9. Tensions mounted as _____________continued its march into new lands, gaining territory and
valuable natural resources.
10. Roosevelt condemned Japanese ______________________________.
11. He worked to slow Japan’s expansion with an ___________________.
12. Angered by American interference, Prime Minister _____________ _______ decided it was time
to eliminate the U.S. presence in the Pacific.
13. On ______________________ ___ ___________, Japanese fighter pilots attacked the American
naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
14. Damage at Pearl Harbor (see figure)
15. The United States suffered terrible __________________.
16. After the attack, the United States declared war on ________________.
17. Japan’s allies, __________________ and ___________, then declared war on the United States.
18. A wave of ______________________ swept the United States following the attack.
19. Americans joined the military, the ___________ ___________ and other organizations.
20. Women responded by joining the _________________ _____________ ____________,
___________ ___________ ______________, and other military auxiliaries.
21. Americans took new jobs making _______________ and supplies that supported the war effort.
22. The ___________________economy soon shifted to a wartime economy.
23. Companies that once produced consumer goods mobilized to build _________, _____________,
and ______________.
24. The money poured into defense spending finally ended the ___________ __________________.
25. ___________________________workers could once again find jobs.
26. In 1944, American production levels were double those of all the _________ nations combined.
27. This “______________________ _______________” gave the Allies a crucial advantage.
28. In the early years of the war, the outlook for the __________________ was grim.
29. Japan’s Advantages:
Dominance of the ________________
________________________advanced weapons
Highly ___________________ and well-trained military
30. Japanese armies quickly took _____________, ____________ ______________, and
___________ _______________.
31. Then they moved into the Philippines, forcing American General _________________
___________________ to retreat.
32. The troops were surrounded, _____________________.
33. After a terrible siege, thousands died when they were forced to walk to prison camps during the
______________________ ________________ ______________.
Japanese Aggression, December 1941–June 1942 (See map)
34. With hopes for a quick victory fading, ________________________ finally got some good news.
35. Colonel James ________________________ surprise raid on Tokyo
36. The American victory at the _____________ __ _______________ ______.
37. A long fight lay ahead, but the darkest days of 1942 seemed to be over.