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Digestive Detectives Case File Top Secret Name ___________________ Period ___ Teacher_________ Directions: Research the case file to find clues to help you answer the questions correctly. In your answer, you MUST include the sentence number(s) where you found your information. This will be your notes for your journal. The Digestive System 1. ___ The digestive system (like all other organ systems) has a specific function. The digestive system has 3 major functions which include: 2. ___ There are 2 types of digestion. List AND describe each type of digestion. 1. 2. 1. ___ Both mechanical and chemical digestion take place in the mouth. Explain how mechanical digestion takes place in the mouth. 2. ___ Explain how chemical digestion takes place in the mouth. 3. ___Where does the food go when it leaves your mouth? The Esophagus 1. ___ List 5 essential characteristics about the esophagus. 2. ___ Describe peristalsis. 3. ___ The food is delivered by the esophagus to what organ? 4. ___ Draw the esophagus based on its description including the organ at the top of it and at the bottom of it. The Mouth The Stomach 1. Complete the following table explaining how each type of digestion occurs in the stomach. Mechanical Digestion Chemical Digestion 2. ___ List 3 things that happens to your food while it is in your stomach. The Large Intestine 1. ___ Compare the size of the small and large intestines. How did they get their names? 2. ___ What is the main function of the large intestines? The Rectum and Anus 1. ___ Where is the rectum located? 3. ___ What is chime and where does it go when it leaves the stomach? The Small Intestine 1. ___ Most of the ____________digestion occurs in the small intestine. 2. ___ Solid waste exits the body through what organ? The Liver, Gall Bladder and Pancreas 1. ___ Explain the difference between a primary organ and a secondary organ. 2. ___ List the 3 organs that produce chemicals that the small intestine used to digest food. 3. ___ Explain what happens to the nutrients from food in the small intestines. 4. Where does the chime go when it leaves the small intestine? 2. ___ What is bile? (What organ produces it and the function) 3. ___ What is the gall bladder’s function? 4. ___ What is the function of the pancreas? Summary 1. List the primary organs of the digestive system. 2. List the secondary organs of the digestive system. 3. On the next 2 pages, draw a flow map that shows the path that food takes through the body. Instead of boxes, use the shape of the organ.