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World War II Vocabulary Totalitarian Government Definition: A political system in which the government has complete control over the people. Dictator Definition: A ruler with complete power in a country. Communism Definition: A system of government in which a single party controls state-owned means of production with the aim of establishing a stateless society. Fascism Definition: A political system headed by a dictator in which the government controls business and labor and opposition is not permitted. Reparations Definition: Money that a country or group that loses a war pays because of the damage, injury, deaths, etc., it has caused Nazi Definition: A member of the National Socialist Party. A Fascist political party led by Adolf Hitler. Persecute Definition: To treat (someone) cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious or political beliefs Militarism Definition: The opinions or actions of people who believe that a country should use military methods, forces, etc., to gain power and to achieve its goals. Axis Powers Definition The alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan. Annex Definition: To incorporate (a country or other territory) within the domain of a state Concentration Camp Definition: A type of prison where large numbers of people who are not soldiers are kept during a war and are usually forced to live in very bad conditions. During WWII, the Nazis kept millions of Jews in concentration camps. Many of them were killed in the camps. Anschluss Definition: The name given to the 1938 union of Germany and Austria. Appeasement Definition: The Policy of giving in to someone’s demands in order to keep peace. The Munich Conference Definition: A conference held in Munich, Germany in September 1938 between Britain, France, Germany, and Italy. At the meeting, Britain and France allowed Germany to annex the Sudetenland in exchange for a promise from Hitler to not invade any other European nations. The actions of France and Britain are an example of appeasement. Sovereign Definition: An independent nation. Non-Aggression Pact Definition: An agreement made between Germany and the Soviet Union. The agreement stated that neither country would attack each other for a period of ten years. Neutral Definition: Not helping or supporting either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc. Cash and Carry Policy Definition: A policy that let nations at war buy military supplies and weapons from the United States. As long as they paid for them in advance and provided transportation. Lend-Lease Act Definition: A policy that allowed the United States to lend, lease, sell, exchange, or transfer military supplies to any country whose defense was vital to the defense of the United States. The Allies (Allied Powers) Definition: The name given to the alliance of nations against Germany, Japan, and Italy. Members of this alliance included, the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain, and France. The Big Three Definition: The Big Three were the United States, the Soviet Union, and Britain. These three nations led the attack against the Axis Powers in WWII. Mobilize Definition: To prepare a nation and/or it’s economy for war. Rationing Definition: Allowing each person to have only a fixed amount of a particular commodity. Internment Camp Definition: A prison camp for the confinement of enemy aliens, prisoners of war, political prisoners, etc. During WWII, the United States government placed over 100,000 Japanese American citizens in internment camps to protect the security of the United States. Ghetto Definition: A section of a city in which all Jews were required to live. Genocide Definition: The planned murder of an entire group of people. Amphibious Landing Definition: A military action of coordinated land, sea, and air forces organized for an invasion The Manhattan Project Definition: The codename given to the secret government project to create an atomic bomb before the Axis.