17b Test Bank 2: Chapters 20 - 22 CHAPTER 20 1. As president, Theodore Roosevelt did which of the following in regard to African Americans? a. He invited Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois to dine with him at the White House to discuss their differences. b. He named Langston Hughes poet laureate. c. He called for soldiers in Brownsville, Texas, to be reinstated in their units after they were falsely accused of trying to kill some local residents. d. Roosevelt defended black appointees to post offices and customs houses in the South. e. He defended African Americans who refused to inform southern authorities as to the whereabouts of black criminals, since he knew that lynchings would probably result. 2. b. c. d. e. During the early twentieth century, Americans began to exhibit a great deal of concern over race relations and the treatment of minorities. corruption in politics. the growth of big business. both a and b both b and c 3. a. b. c. d. e. The author of The Souls of Black Folk was Booker T. Washington. William Lloyd Garrison. W.E.B. DuBois. Hinton Rowan Helper. Upton Sinclair. a. 4. Which of the following best describes Theodore Roosevelt's attitude toward big business? a. He believed that the federal government should maintain a "hands off" policy toward business matters. b. He believed that business consolidations should be strongly regulated by the federal government and, in most cases, prohibited. c. He was an advocate of Social Darwinism. d. He began to see it as his responsibility as president to establish the power of the federal government to intervene in the economy. e. He believed that all large corporations should be destroyed. 5. The principle that government was responsible for the general welfare of the a. b. c. d. e. 6. a. b. c. d. e. 7. nation was a part of the philosophy of progressives. Social Darwinism. the Muckrakers. Republicans. the Social Gospel. The initiative and referendum were first used in the state of South Carolina. Texas. Utah. Kansas. South Dakota. c. d. e. By the early 1900s, the main focus of progressivism was becoming prohibition. oriented toward achieving change nationally. concentrated at the state level. woman suffrage. control of big business. 8. a. b. c. d. e. The Hepburn Act gave more power to the president. the Senate. the Interstate Commerce Commission. the Federal Reserve Board. muckrakers. 9. The most radical wing of the American labor movement was the Knights of Labor. Industrial Workers of the World. International Ladies Garment Workers Union. American Federation of Labor. American Railway Union. a. b. a. b. c. d. e. 10. During the early Progressive Era, the Supreme Court a. upheld the majority of progressive laws. b. upheld a New York law limiting the number of hours that bakery employees could work. c. invoked the Fourteenth Amendment in some decisions. d. struck down an Oregon statute that limited the number of hours women could work. e. held that the Employers Liabilities Act of 1906 was legal. 11. Which of the following helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People? a. W.E.B. Du Bois b. Booker T. Washington c. d. e. Ida Tarbell William Lloyd Garrison all of the above 12. a. b. c. d. e. The median age for Americans in 1900 was thirty-three. twenty-one. twenty-three. thirty. eighteen. 13. During the Spanish-American War, it took the battleship U.S.S. Oregon two months to go from San Francisco Bay to Cuba. This fact pointed out the need for a. speedier ships. b. better coordination between Washington and the Navy. c. the need for a Central American canal. d. both a and b e. both b and c 14. Whose series on fraud in patent medicines led to the passage of the Pure Food and Drugs Act in 1906? a. Samuel Hopkins Adams b. Ida Tarbell c. Ray Stannard Baker d. Upton Sinclair e. Florence Kelley 15. Which of these companies distributed several million metal advertising signs around the country in 1913? a. Gillette b. Quaker Oats c. Coca Cola d. Kodak e. Colgate 16. The key to Henry Ford's success in the automobile industry was a. union support for his efforts. b. his new methods of financial accounting. c. his formation of a holding company. d. his use of mass production techniques. e. his concern for his workers. 17. By 1910, the most popular form of city government was the a. city manager idea. b. commission idea. c. Galveston idea. d. direct primary. e. mayor-commission plan. 18. The Northern Securities Company case involved a merger in the a. b. c. d. e. steel industry. rail industry. coal mines. banking industry. electricity sector. 19. In 1904, a. Roosevelt won reelection by a landslide. b. the Socialists received 15 percent of the popular vote. c. the turnout of voters was the largest in history. d. both a and b e. both b and c 20. In his regulation efforts, Theodore Roosevelt a. prosecuted all trusts vigorously on the grounds that bigness was bad. b. distinguished between acceptable and non-acceptable trusts, prosecuting only the latter. c. put muckrakers in charge of prominent government regulation programs. d. fought the Department of Justice when that body refused to investigate railroad abuses. e. both b and c CHAPTER 21 1. Wilson's battles with Gifford Pinchot over conservation were viewed by many as a. indicative of his strength in the presidency. b. at odds with the aims of the Republican party. c. an attack on one of Theodore Roosevelt's key policies. d. simply a case of Taft making his own mark as president. e. all of the above 2. The Anti-Saloon League a. quarreled with the Woman's Christian Temperance Union over tactics. b. held a dominant position among those groups advocating prohibition. c. turned to statewide elections on prohibition after local issues stalled. d. both a and c e. both b and c 3. a. b. c. d. e. A 1913 bill to impose a literacy test on immigrants passed the House but not the Senate. passed both houses of Congress and was signed by Taft. passed both houses of Congress but was vetoed by Taft. never made it out of committee. passed the Senate but not the House. 4. The fire that instigated reform efforts in New York took place at a. the Triangle Shirtwaist Company. b. the Lawrence Textile Mill. c. a West Virginia coal mine. d. an upper East Side bakery in New York City. e. none of the above 5. a. b. c. d. e. Dollar diplomacy was applied to Nicaragua. China. Mexico. both a and b both b and c 6. Which of the following was true of the Democratic convention in 1912? The convention met in Detroit, Michigan. Woodrow Wilson was a leading candidate as the convention convened. Wilson received the nomination on the basis of his long-held policies of reform. One politician whose name emerged as a candidate was James Beauchamp Clark, Senate Majority Leader. Wilson earned the nomination after more than three dozen ballots. a. b. c. d. e. 7. a. b. c. d. e. 8. a. b. c. d. e. 9. a. b. c. d. e. Wilson campaigned on the basis of a program that he termed the New Deal. New Freedom. New Nationalism. New Democrats. New Progressivism. Which of the following was true of Woodrow Wilson? He had suffered several strokes before he ran for president. He could be stubborn, and he often ignored unsolicited advice. He consulted a wide variety of opinions before making up his mind on any given issue. both a and b both b and c Which of the following reforms did Wilson publicly embrace? woman suffrage child labor prohibition all of the above none of the above 10. The company that produced the Radiant Toaster was a. Hoover. b. General Electric. c. Westinghouse. d. Sears. e. none of the above 11. Who said, "I am going to teach the South American Republics to elect good men"? a. Theodore Roosevelt b. William Howard Taft c. Woodrow Wilson d. William Jennings Bryan e. Henry Knox 12. The event that plunged the world into war in 1914 was the assassination of a. Kaiser Wilhelm I. b. Archduke Franz Ferdinand. c. General Edward M. House. d. Czar Nicholas II. e. Georges Clemenceau. 13. Which of the following faced William H. Taft as he entered the presidency? a. Conservatives were expecting him to slow the reform movement. b. Progressives were seeking many new laws and believed that he had promised his support. c. The tariff was in bad need of reform, and feelings on each side were strong. d. both a and b e. both a and c 14. Which of the following states had not enacted woman suffrage as of 1913? a. Oregon b. Washington c. Kansas d. Ohio e. California 15. a. b. c. Woodrow Wilson was the first president to have a daughter marry in the White House. ride to his inauguration in an automobile. travel outside the continental borders of the United States. d. both a and b e. both b and c 16. Taft's battles with Gifford Pinchot over conservation were viewed by many as a. indicative of his strength in the presidency. b. at odds with the aims of the Republican party. c. an attack on one of Theodore Roosevelt's key policies. d. e. simply a case of Taft making his own mark as president. all of the above 17. Which of the following was true of immigration during the period of progressivism? a. Immigration increased markedly during this period in comparison to the years before 1900. b. Labor unions supported immigration, since immigrants could take the lowest paying factory jobs. c. Immigrants settled pretty much equally in urban and rural areas. d. Some Progressives supported immigration restriction on the grounds that the new immigrants threatened the traditional virtues they were trying to endorse. e. With President Taft's endorsement, a literacy test was required of all seeking to enter the United States on a permanent basis. 18. In the 1912 election, Democrats a. looked with glee upon the split in the Republican party. b. viewed William Jennings Bryan as a viable candidate because of his previous campaign experience. c. viewed Woodrow Wilson as a possible candidate because he had captured the governorship of New York. d. gave the nomination to Wilson on the first ballot, demonstrating the unity of their party. e. both a and b 19. Wilson's first dealings with Congress after his inauguration involved a. income taxes. b. the tariff. c. foreign treaties. d. trust busting. e. woman suffrage. 20. The main American response to the outbreak of World War I was a. to enter the war on the British, French, and Russian side immediately. b. to enter the war on the German and Austrian-Hungarian side at once. c. to be surprised because Americans assumed great nations would never have to resort to war. d. to cut off all immigration from Europe. e. for Congress to begin to debate American involvement. CHAPTER 22 1. During the American period of neutrality during World War I, which of the following best describe(s) actions taken by the major powers? a. America continued to export goods to all countries, although more went to Britain than to any other nation. b. Britain conducted an extensive propaganda campaign in the United States to bolster support for the Allied cause. c. Germany used funds from its brewing industry to support a propaganda campaign in the United States. d. both a and b e. both a and c 2. a. b. c. d. e. 3. a. b. c. d. e. In June 1915, the League to Enforce Peace was formed, with what American as its leader? Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson William Jennings Bryan Eugene V. Debs As the war escalated in Europe, Woodrow Wilson sent Colonel Edward M. House to try to broker a peace agreement in Europe. went on a speaking tour to promote preparedness. warned Americans not to travel to Europe, for their own safety. both a and b both b and c 4. As the 1916 election approached, a. the Progressives once again nominated Theodore Roosevelt. b. Wilson campaigned on the themes of "peace, prosperity, and progressivism." c. relations between the United States and Great Britain improved. d. The Republicans nominated former New York governor Charles Evans Hughes. e. all of the above 5. a. b. c. d. e. Which country experienced mutinies among its fighting forces during 1917? France Germany the United States Great Britain Italy 6. During World War I, most African Americans a. refused to serve in the military because of discriminatory practices. b. worked in defense industries, where whites accepted them on an equal basis "for the duration." c. closed ranks and went into military service without reservation. d. both a and b e. both b and c 7. a. b. c. d. e. 8. a. b. c. d. e. 9. a. b. c. d. e. Who called his wartime committee "the world's greatest adventure in advertising"? Herbert Hoover George Creel William Howard Taft Albert S. Burleson Bernard Baruch What was significant about Woodrow Wilson's decision to attend the Paris Peace Conference? No American president had ever conferred with leaders of other countries. No American president had traveled outside the Western hemisphere before. No president had left the United States while in office. He formed a bipartisan committee of prominent Republicans and Democrats who accompanied him on his trip. Wilson invited former President Taft to accompany him. What tragedy struck the United States during the first year after the war's end? a smallpox epidemic the sinking of the Titanic the Triangle Shirtwaist fire an influenza epidemic none of the above 10. Warren G. Harding campaigned for president by calling for a return to a. older values. b. normalcy. c. neutrality. d. both a and b e. both b and c 11. Which of the following resulted from the midterm elections of 1914? a. The Democrats gained sixteen seats in the Senate. b. The Republicans gained over sixty seats in the Senate. c. The Democrats lost control of the House. d. e. 12. a. b. c. d. e. The Republicans gained control of the House. The Democrats retained control of the House. The Great Migration involved African Americans. Mormons. German Americans. Mexicans. coal miners. 13. The purpose of the War Industries Board was to a. prevent strikes. b. coordinate industrial production. c. make decisions about rationing of goods. d. eliminate discriminatory hiring practices. e. set standards for wages and hours. 14. a. b. c. The National War Labor Board was headed by William Howard Taft. set standards for wages and hours. established a system by which blacks were brought into the work force. d. both a and c e. both a and b 15. The greatest animosity shown by Americans within the United States during the war was toward the a. French. b. British. c. Germans. d. Italians. e. Hungarians. 16. The revival of the Ku Klux Klan was a result of a. the NAACP's efforts to increase black voting. b. the Urban League's success in removing segregation legislation in the North. c. the popularity of The Birth of a Nation. d. the White House's public embrace of civil rights. e. the NAACP's attempt to stop lynchings. 17. In the area of birth control, Margaret Sanger a. spoke publicly to women to inform them about birth control methods. b. founded a clinic to distribute information about contraception. c. was jailed because of her efforts. d. all of the above e. none of the above 18. The Zimmerman Telegram a. announced Germany's European war aims. b. c. d. e. pledged Germany's intention to end the war quickly. proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico. had little effect on America's move toward war. both a and c 19. Which of the following describes the American home front during World War I? a. Americans observed "wheatless" and "meatless" days to help provide needed food for the Allies. b. A move to restrict the sale and use of alcoholic beverages developed during the war. c. Government management of the wartime economy was extremely successful from the beginning. d. The American rail system was never organized efficiently, and tie-ups were the norm even when the war ended. e. Most African Americans willingly fought in the war, especially after fighting units were integrated. 20. In order to persuade the Senate to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, President Wilson a. added prominent Republicans to his cabinet. b. went on a national speaking tour to influence public opinion. c. agreed to acceptance of the treaty without America joining the League of Nations. d. agreed to increase German reparations. e. told the American public that he was asking for treaty ratification and then challenged Senators to defy him.