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17b Test Bank 2: Chapters 20 - 22
CHAPTER 20
1. As president, Theodore Roosevelt did which
of the following in regard to African
Americans?
a. He invited Booker T. Washington and
W.E.B. DuBois to dine with him at the White
House to discuss their differences.
b. He named Langston Hughes poet laureate.
c. He called for soldiers in Brownsville, Texas,
to be reinstated in their units after they were
falsely accused of trying to kill some local
residents.
d. Roosevelt defended black appointees to
post offices and customs houses in the
South.
e. He defended African Americans who refused
to inform southern authorities as to the
whereabouts of black criminals, since he
knew that lynchings would probably result.
2.
b.
c.
d.
e.
During the early twentieth century,
Americans began to exhibit a great deal of
concern over
race relations and the treatment of
minorities.
corruption in politics.
the growth of big business.
both a and b
both b and c
3.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The author of The Souls of Black Folk was
Booker T. Washington.
William Lloyd Garrison.
W.E.B. DuBois.
Hinton Rowan Helper.
Upton Sinclair.
a.
4.
Which of the following best describes
Theodore Roosevelt's attitude toward big
business?
a. He believed that the federal government
should maintain a "hands off" policy toward
business matters.
b. He believed that business consolidations
should be strongly regulated by the federal
government and, in most cases, prohibited.
c. He was an advocate of Social Darwinism.
d. He began to see it as his responsibility as
president to establish the power of the
federal government to intervene in the
economy.
e. He believed that all large corporations
should be destroyed.
5.
The principle that government was
responsible for the general welfare of the
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
6.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
7.
nation was a part of the philosophy of
progressives.
Social Darwinism.
the Muckrakers.
Republicans.
the Social Gospel.
The initiative and referendum were first used
in the state of
South Carolina.
Texas.
Utah.
Kansas.
South Dakota.
c.
d.
e.
By the early 1900s, the main focus of
progressivism was becoming
prohibition.
oriented toward achieving change
nationally.
concentrated at the state level.
woman suffrage.
control of big business.
8.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The Hepburn Act gave more power to
the president.
the Senate.
the Interstate Commerce Commission.
the Federal Reserve Board.
muckrakers.
9.
The most radical wing of the American labor
movement was the
Knights of Labor.
Industrial Workers of the World.
International Ladies Garment Workers
Union.
American Federation of Labor.
American Railway Union.
a.
b.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
10. During the early Progressive Era, the
Supreme Court
a. upheld the majority of progressive laws.
b. upheld a New York law limiting the number
of hours that bakery employees could work.
c. invoked the Fourteenth Amendment in
some decisions.
d. struck down an Oregon statute that limited
the number of hours women could work.
e. held that the Employers Liabilities Act of 1906
was legal.
11. Which of the following helped found the
National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People?
a. W.E.B. Du Bois
b. Booker T. Washington
c.
d.
e.
Ida Tarbell
William Lloyd Garrison
all of the above
12.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The median age for Americans in 1900 was
thirty-three.
twenty-one.
twenty-three.
thirty.
eighteen.
13. During the Spanish-American War, it took
the battleship U.S.S. Oregon two months to
go from San Francisco Bay to Cuba. This
fact pointed out the need for
a. speedier ships.
b. better coordination between Washington and
the Navy.
c. the need for a Central American canal.
d. both a and b
e. both b and c
14. Whose series on fraud in patent medicines
led to the passage of the Pure Food and
Drugs Act in 1906?
a. Samuel Hopkins Adams
b. Ida Tarbell
c. Ray Stannard Baker
d. Upton Sinclair
e. Florence Kelley
15. Which of these companies distributed
several million metal advertising signs
around the country in 1913?
a. Gillette
b. Quaker Oats
c. Coca Cola
d. Kodak
e. Colgate
16. The key to Henry Ford's success in the
automobile industry was
a. union support for his efforts.
b. his new methods of financial accounting.
c. his formation of a holding company.
d. his use of mass production techniques.
e. his concern for his workers.
17. By 1910, the most popular form of city
government was the
a. city manager idea.
b. commission idea.
c. Galveston idea.
d. direct primary.
e. mayor-commission plan.
18. The Northern Securities Company case
involved a merger in the
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
steel industry.
rail industry.
coal mines.
banking industry.
electricity sector.
19. In 1904,
a. Roosevelt won reelection by a landslide.
b. the Socialists received 15 percent of the
popular vote.
c. the turnout of voters was the largest in
history.
d. both a and b
e. both b and c
20. In his regulation efforts, Theodore Roosevelt
a. prosecuted all trusts vigorously on the
grounds that bigness was bad.
b. distinguished between acceptable and
non-acceptable trusts, prosecuting only
the latter.
c. put muckrakers in charge of prominent
government regulation programs.
d. fought the Department of Justice when that
body refused to investigate railroad abuses.
e. both b and c
CHAPTER 21
1. Wilson's battles with Gifford Pinchot over
conservation were viewed by many as
a. indicative of his strength in the presidency.
b. at odds with the aims of the Republican
party.
c. an attack on one of Theodore Roosevelt's
key policies.
d. simply a case of Taft making his own mark
as president.
e. all of the above
2. The Anti-Saloon League
a. quarreled with the Woman's Christian
Temperance Union over tactics.
b. held a dominant position among those
groups advocating prohibition.
c. turned to statewide elections on prohibition
after local issues stalled.
d. both a and c
e. both b and c
3.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
A 1913 bill to impose a literacy test on
immigrants
passed the House but not the Senate.
passed both houses of Congress and was
signed by Taft.
passed both houses of Congress but was
vetoed by Taft.
never made it out of committee.
passed the Senate but not the House.
4. The fire that instigated reform efforts in New
York took place at
a. the Triangle Shirtwaist Company.
b. the Lawrence Textile Mill.
c. a West Virginia coal mine.
d. an upper East Side bakery in New York City.
e. none of the above
5.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Dollar diplomacy was applied to
Nicaragua.
China.
Mexico.
both a and b
both b and c
6.
Which of the following was true of the
Democratic convention in 1912?
The convention met in Detroit, Michigan.
Woodrow Wilson was a leading candidate as
the convention convened.
Wilson received the nomination on the basis
of his long-held policies of reform.
One politician whose name emerged as a
candidate was James Beauchamp Clark,
Senate Majority Leader.
Wilson earned the nomination after more
than three dozen ballots.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
7.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
8.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
9.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Wilson campaigned on the basis of a
program that he termed the
New Deal.
New Freedom.
New Nationalism.
New Democrats.
New Progressivism.
Which of the following was true of Woodrow
Wilson?
He had suffered several strokes before he
ran for president.
He could be stubborn, and he often ignored
unsolicited advice.
He consulted a wide variety of opinions
before making up his mind on any given
issue.
both a and b
both b and c
Which of the following reforms did Wilson
publicly embrace?
woman suffrage
child labor
prohibition
all of the above
none of the above
10. The company that produced the Radiant
Toaster was
a. Hoover.
b. General Electric.
c. Westinghouse.
d. Sears.
e. none of the above
11. Who said, "I am going to teach the South
American Republics to elect good men"?
a. Theodore Roosevelt
b. William Howard Taft
c. Woodrow Wilson
d. William Jennings Bryan
e. Henry Knox
12. The event that plunged the world into war in
1914 was the assassination of
a. Kaiser Wilhelm I.
b. Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
c. General Edward M. House.
d. Czar Nicholas II.
e. Georges Clemenceau.
13. Which of the following faced William H. Taft
as he entered the presidency?
a. Conservatives were expecting him to slow
the reform movement.
b. Progressives were seeking many new laws
and believed that he had promised his
support.
c. The tariff was in bad need of reform, and
feelings on each side were strong.
d. both a and b
e. both a and c
14. Which of the following states had not
enacted woman suffrage as of 1913?
a. Oregon
b. Washington
c. Kansas
d. Ohio
e. California
15.
a.
b.
c.
Woodrow Wilson was the first president to
have a daughter marry in the White House.
ride to his inauguration in an automobile.
travel outside the continental borders of the
United States.
d. both a and b
e. both b and c
16. Taft's battles with Gifford Pinchot over
conservation were viewed by many as
a. indicative of his strength in the presidency.
b. at odds with the aims of the Republican
party.
c. an attack on one of Theodore Roosevelt's
key policies.
d.
e.
simply a case of Taft making his own mark
as president.
all of the above
17. Which of the following was true of
immigration during the period of
progressivism?
a. Immigration increased markedly during this
period in comparison to the years before
1900.
b. Labor unions supported immigration, since
immigrants could take the lowest paying
factory jobs.
c. Immigrants settled pretty much equally in
urban and rural areas.
d. Some Progressives supported
immigration restriction on the grounds
that the new immigrants threatened the
traditional virtues they were trying to
endorse.
e. With President Taft's endorsement, a literacy
test was required of all seeking to enter the
United States on a permanent basis.
18. In the 1912 election, Democrats
a. looked with glee upon the split in the
Republican party.
b. viewed William Jennings Bryan as a viable
candidate because of his previous campaign
experience.
c. viewed Woodrow Wilson as a possible
candidate because he had captured the
governorship of New York.
d. gave the nomination to Wilson on the first
ballot, demonstrating the unity of their party.
e. both a and b
19. Wilson's first dealings with Congress after his
inauguration involved
a. income taxes.
b. the tariff.
c. foreign treaties.
d. trust busting.
e. woman suffrage.
20. The main American response to the outbreak
of World War I was
a. to enter the war on the British, French, and
Russian side immediately.
b. to enter the war on the German and
Austrian-Hungarian side at once.
c. to be surprised because Americans
assumed great nations would never have
to resort to war.
d. to cut off all immigration from Europe.
e. for Congress to begin to debate American
involvement.
CHAPTER 22
1. During the American period of neutrality
during World War I, which of the following
best describe(s) actions taken by the major
powers?
a. America continued to export goods to all
countries, although more went to Britain than
to any other nation.
b. Britain conducted an extensive propaganda
campaign in the United States to bolster
support for the Allied cause.
c. Germany used funds from its brewing
industry to support a propaganda campaign
in the United States.
d. both a and b
e. both a and c
2.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
3.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
In June 1915, the League to Enforce Peace
was formed, with what American as its
leader?
Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
Woodrow Wilson
William Jennings Bryan
Eugene V. Debs
As the war escalated in Europe, Woodrow
Wilson
sent Colonel Edward M. House to try to
broker a peace agreement in Europe.
went on a speaking tour to promote
preparedness.
warned Americans not to travel to Europe,
for their own safety.
both a and b
both b and c
4. As the 1916 election approached,
a. the Progressives once again nominated
Theodore Roosevelt.
b. Wilson campaigned on the themes of
"peace, prosperity, and progressivism."
c. relations between the United States and
Great Britain improved.
d. The Republicans nominated former New
York governor Charles Evans Hughes.
e. all of the above
5.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Which country experienced mutinies among
its fighting forces during 1917?
France
Germany
the United States
Great Britain
Italy
6.
During World War I, most African Americans
a. refused to serve in the military because of
discriminatory practices.
b. worked in defense industries, where whites
accepted them on an equal basis "for the
duration."
c. closed ranks and went into military
service without reservation.
d. both a and b
e. both b and c
7.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
8.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
9.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Who called his wartime committee "the
world's greatest adventure in advertising"?
Herbert Hoover
George Creel
William Howard Taft
Albert S. Burleson
Bernard Baruch
What was significant about Woodrow
Wilson's decision to attend the Paris Peace
Conference?
No American president had ever conferred
with leaders of other countries.
No American president had traveled
outside the Western hemisphere before.
No president had left the United States while
in office.
He formed a bipartisan committee of
prominent Republicans and Democrats who
accompanied him on his trip.
Wilson invited former President Taft to
accompany him.
What tragedy struck the United States during
the first year after the war's end?
a smallpox epidemic
the sinking of the Titanic
the Triangle Shirtwaist fire
an influenza epidemic
none of the above
10. Warren G. Harding campaigned for president
by calling for a return to
a. older values.
b. normalcy.
c. neutrality.
d. both a and b
e. both b and c
11. Which of the following resulted from the midterm elections of 1914?
a. The Democrats gained sixteen seats in the
Senate.
b. The Republicans gained over sixty seats in
the Senate.
c. The Democrats lost control of the House.
d.
e.
12.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
The Republicans gained control of the
House.
The Democrats retained control of the
House.
The Great Migration involved
African Americans.
Mormons.
German Americans.
Mexicans.
coal miners.
13. The purpose of the War Industries Board
was to
a. prevent strikes.
b. coordinate industrial production.
c. make decisions about rationing of goods.
d. eliminate discriminatory hiring practices.
e. set standards for wages and hours.
14.
a.
b.
c.
The National War Labor Board
was headed by William Howard Taft.
set standards for wages and hours.
established a system by which blacks were
brought into the work force.
d. both a and c
e. both a and b
15. The greatest animosity shown by Americans
within the United States during the war was
toward the
a. French.
b. British.
c. Germans.
d. Italians.
e. Hungarians.
16. The revival of the Ku Klux Klan was a result
of
a. the NAACP's efforts to increase black voting.
b. the Urban League's success in removing
segregation legislation in the North.
c. the popularity of The Birth of a Nation.
d. the White House's public embrace of civil
rights.
e. the NAACP's attempt to stop lynchings.
17. In the area of birth control, Margaret Sanger
a. spoke publicly to women to inform them
about birth control methods.
b. founded a clinic to distribute information
about contraception.
c. was jailed because of her efforts.
d. all of the above
e. none of the above
18. The Zimmerman Telegram
a. announced Germany's European war aims.
b.
c.
d.
e.
pledged Germany's intention to end the war
quickly.
proposed an alliance between Germany
and Mexico.
had little effect on America's move toward
war.
both a and c
19. Which of the following describes the
American home front during World War I?
a. Americans observed "wheatless" and
"meatless" days to help provide needed
food for the Allies.
b. A move to restrict the sale and use of
alcoholic beverages developed during the
war.
c. Government management of the wartime
economy was extremely successful from the
beginning.
d. The American rail system was never
organized efficiently, and tie-ups were the
norm even when the war ended.
e. Most African Americans willingly fought in
the war, especially after fighting units were
integrated.
20. In order to persuade the Senate to ratify the
Treaty of Versailles, President Wilson
a. added prominent Republicans to his cabinet.
b. went on a national speaking tour to
influence public opinion.
c. agreed to acceptance of the treaty without
America joining the League of Nations.
d. agreed to increase German reparations.
e. told the American public that he was asking
for treaty ratification and then challenged
Senators to defy him.