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```PreCalculus
Correlation of the ALEKS course PreCalculus to the Common Core
State Standards for Fourth Courses (2010)
Number and Quantity
= ALEKS course topic that addresses the standard
TD = Teacher Directed
N-CN: The Complex Number System
N-CN.3:
(+) Find the conjugate of a complex number; use conjugates to find moduli and quotients of
complex numbers.
Dividing complex numbers
N-CN.4:
(+) Represent complex numbers on the complex plane in rectangular and polar form (including real
and imaginary numbers), and explain why the rectangular and polar forms of a given complex
number represent the same number.
Plotting complex numbers
Writing a complex number in standard form given its trigonometric form
Writing a complex number in trigonometric form: Special angles
Writing a complex number in trigonometric form: Decimal answers
N-CN.5:
(+) Represent addition, subtraction, multiplication, and conjugation of complex numbers
geometrically on the complex plane; use properties of this representation for computation. For
3
example, (-1 + √3 i) = 8 because (-1 + √3 i) has modulus 2 and argument 120°.
De Moivre's Theorem: Answers in standard form
Finding the nth roots of a number: Problem type 1
Finding the nth roots of a number: Problem type 2
N-CN.6:
(+) Calculate the distance between numbers in the complex plane as the modulus of the
difference, and the midpoint of a segment as the average of the numbers at its endpoints.
TD
N-VM: Vector & Matrix Quantities
N-VM.1:
(+) Recognize vector quantities as having both magnitude and direction. Represent vector
quantities by directed line segments, and use appropriate symbols for vectors and their
magnitudes (e.g., v, |v|, ||v||, v).
Magnitude of a vector given in ai+bj form
Magnitude of a vector given in component form
Finding the magnitude and direction of a vector given its graph
Writing a vector given its magnitude and direction angle
N-VM.2:
(+) Find the components of a vector by subtracting the coordinates of an initial point from the
coordinates of a terminal point.
Writing a position vector in ai+bj form given its graph
Writing a vector in ai+bj form given its initial and terminal points
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Writing a vector in component form given its initial and terminal points
N-VM.3:
(+) Solve problems involving velocity and other quantities that can be represented by vectors.
Writing a vector to represent a force pushing or pulling an object
Finding magnitudes of forces related to an object suspended by cables
N-VM.4:
N-VM.4.a: Add vectors end-to-end, component-wise, and by the parallelogram rule. Understand that the
magnitude of a sum of two vectors is typically not the sum of the magnitudes.
Vector addition and scalar multiplication: ai+bj form
Vector addition and scalar multiplication: Component form
N-VM.4.b: Given two vectors in magnitude and direction form, determine the magnitude and direction of
their sum.
Finding the magnitude and direction angle of the resultant force of two vectors
N-VM.4.c: Understand vector subtraction v - w as v + (-w), where -w is the additive inverse of w, with the
same magnitude as w and pointing in the opposite direction. Represent vector subtraction
graphically by connecting the tips in the appropriate order, and perform vector subtraction
component-wise.
Vector addition and scalar multiplication: ai+bj form
Vector addition and scalar multiplication: Component form
Vector subtraction: Geometric approach
N-VM.5:
(+) Multiply a vector by a scalar.
N-VM.5.a: Represent scalar multiplication graphically by scaling vectors and possibly reversing their
direction; perform scalar multiplication component-wise, e.g., as c(v v ) = (cv cv ).
x' y
x'
y
Multiplication of a vector by a scalar: Geometric approach
N-VM.5.b: Compute the magnitude of a scalar multiple cv using ||cv|| = |c|||v||. Compute the direction of cv
knowing that when |c|v ≠ 0, the direction of cv is either along v (for c > 0) or against v (for c < 0).
Finding the magnitude and direction of a vector given its graph
N-VM.6:
(+) Use matrices to represent and manipulate data, e.g., to represent payoffs or incidence
relationships in a network.
Word problem involving multiplication of matrices
N-VM.7:
(+) Multiply matrices by scalars to produce new matrices, e.g., as when all of the payoffs in a game
are doubled.
Scalar multiplication of a matrix
N-VM.8:
(+) Add, subtract, and multiply matrices of appropriate dimensions.
Scalar multiplication of a matrix
Linear combination of matrices
Squaring and multiplying 2x2 matrices
Multiplication of matrices: Basic
N-VM.9:
(+) Understand that, unlike multiplication of numbers, matrix multiplication for square matrices is
not a commutative operation, but still satisfies the associative and distributive properties.
Squaring and multiplying 2x2 matrices
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N-VM.10: (+) Understand that the zero and identity matrices play a role in matrix addition and multiplication
similar to the role of 0 and 1 in the real numbers. The determinant of a square matrix is nonzero if
and only if the matrix has a multiplicative inverse.
Finding the inverse of a 2x2 matrix
Finding the inverse of a 3x3 matrix
N-VM.11: (+) Multiply a vector (regarded as a matrix with one column) by a matrix of suitable dimensions to
produce another vector. Work with matrices as transformations of vectors.
TD
N-VM.12: (+) Work with 2 x 2 matrices as a transformations of the plane, and interpret the absolute value of
the determinant in terms of area.
TD
Algebra
= ALEKS course topic that addresses the standard
A-REI: Reasoning with Equations & Inequalities
A-REI.8:
(+) Represent a system of linear equations as a single matrix equation in a vector variable.
Finding the inverse of a matrix to solve a 2x2 system of linear equations
Using the inverse of a matrix to solve a 3x3 system of linear equations
A-REI.9:
(+) Find the inverse of a matrix if it exists and use it to solve systems of linear equations (using
technology for matrices of dimension 3 x 3 or greater).
Finding the inverse of a 2x2 matrix
Finding the inverse of a 3x3 matrix
Finding the inverse of a matrix to solve a 2x2 system of linear equations
Using the inverse of a matrix to solve a 3x3 system of linear equations
Functions
= ALEKS course topic that addresses the standard
F-IF: Interpreting Functions
F-IF.7:
F-IF.7.d:
Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple
cases and using technology for more complicated cases.*
(+) Graph rational functions, identifying zeros and asymptotes when suitable factorizations are
available, and showing end behavior.
Finding the asymptotes of a rational function: Constant over linear
Finding the asymptotes of a rational function: Linear over linear
Finding horizontal and vertical asymptotes of a rational function: Quadratic numerator or
denominator
Finding the asymptotes of a rational function: Quadratic over linear
Graphing a rational function: Constant over linear
Graphing a rational function: Linear over linear
Transforming the graph of a rational function
Graphing a rational function: Quadratic over linear
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Graphing rational functions with holes
Graphing a rational function with more than one vertical asymptote
F-BF: Building Functions
F-BF.1:
Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.*
F-BF.1.c: (+) Compose functions. For example, if T(y) is the temperature in the atmosphere as a function
of height, and h(t) is the height of a weather balloon as a function of time, then T(h(t)) is the
temperature at the location of the weather balloon as a function of time.
Introduction to the composition of two functions
Composition of two functions: Basic
Composition of a function with itself
Expressing a function as a composition of two functions
Composition of two functions: Domain and range
Composition of two rational functions
Word problem involving composition of two functions
F-BF.4:
Find inverse functions.
F-BF.4.b: (+) Verify by composition that one function is the inverse of another.
Determining whether two functions are inverses of each other
F-BF.4.c: (+) Read values of an inverse function from a graph or a table, given that the function has an
inverse.
Inverse functions: Linear, discrete
F-BF.4.d: (+) Produce an invertible function from a non-invertible function by restricting the domain.
F-BF.5:
(+) Understand the inverse relationship between exponents and logarithms and use this
relationship to solve problems involving logarithms and exponents.
Converting between logarithmic and exponential equations
Converting between natural logarithmic and exponential equations
Evaluating logarithmic expressions
Solving an equation of the form log a = c
b
Solving a multi-step equation involving a single logarithm: Problem type 1
Solving a multi-step equation involving a single logarithm: Problem type 2
Solving a multi-step equation involving natural logarithms
Solving an equation involving logarithms on both sides: Problem type 1
Solving an equation involving logarithms on both sides: Problem type 2
Solving an exponential equation by using logarithms: Decimal answers, basic
Solving an exponential equation by using natural logarithms: Decimal answers
Solving an exponential equation by using logarithms: Exact answers in logarithmic form
F-TF: Trigonometric Functions
F-TF.3:
(+) Use special triangles to determine geometrically the values of sine, cosine, tangent for π/3, π/4
and π/6, and use the unit circle to express the values of sine, cosines, and tangent for x, π + x,
and 2π - x in terms of their values for x, where x is any real number.
Trigonometric functions and special angles: Problem type 1
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F-TF.4:
(+) Use the unit circle to explain symmetry (odd and even) and periodicity of trigonometric
functions.
Even and odd properties of trigonometric functions
F-TF.6:
(+) Understand that restricting a trigonometric function to a domain on which it is always increasing
or always decreasing allows its inverse to be constructed.
Values of inverse trigonometric functions
F-TF.7:
(+) Use inverse functions to solve trigonometric equations that arise in modeling contexts; evaluate
the solutions using technology, and interpret them in terms of the context.*
Using trigonometry to find angles of elevation or depression in a word problem
Solving a basic trigonometric equation using a calculator
Solving a trigonometric equation modeling a real-world situation
F-TF.9:
(+) Prove the addition and subtraction formulas for sine, cosine, and tangent and use them to
solve problems.
Sum and difference identities: Problem type 1
Sum and difference identities: Problem type 2
Sum and difference identities: Problem type 3
Sum and difference identities: Problem type 4
Solving a trigonometric equation using sum and difference identities
Geometry
= ALEKS course topic that addresses the standard
TD = Teacher Directed
G-GPE: Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations
G-GPE.3: (+) Derive the equations of ellipses and hyperbolas given the foci, using the fact that the sum or
difference of distances from the foci is constant.
Writing an equation of an ellipse given the foci and the major axis length
Writing an equation of a hyperbola given the foci and the vertices
Writing an equation of a hyperbola given the foci and the asymptotes: Basic
Writing an equation of a hyperbola given the foci and the asymptotes: Advanced
G-GMD: Geometric Measurement & Dimension
G-GMD.2: (+) Give an informal argument using Cavalieri's principle for the formulas for the volume of a
sphere and other solid figures.
TD
Note: The Statistics and Probability standards are not covered in ALEKS PreCalculus.
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