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```Math 9A: Quick Reminders
Rational Numbers
Example 2 1
+
5 2
2 2
5 1
= ( )( ) + ( )( )
2 5
5 2
4
5
=
+
10 10
9
=
10
Multiplying fractions
You need a common denominator.
a)
4
2
(− ) +
7
3
b)
5
2
− (− )
4
11
Multiply numerators and multiply denominators.
5
Example 3
× (− )
7
12
15
=−
84
5
=−
28
a)
3
1
( ) (− )
8
6
b)
1
1
2 × (−3 )
3
4
Dividing fractions Keep the first fraction the same, change the division to multiplication,
and take the reciprocal of the second fraction.
Example
4
5
) ÷ (− )
11
3
4
3
= (− ) × (− )
11
5
12
=
55
(−
a)
3
1
÷ (− )
10
4
b)
1
1
5 ÷( )
2
3
Order of Operations
Brackets, Exponents, Division/Multiplication (working left to right),
Addition/Subtraction (again, working left to right). BEDMAS.
2
Example 1 4
− × (− )
3 7
3
7 1
8
= ( )( ) −
7 3
21
7
8
=
−
21 21
1
=−
21
a)
b)
c)
3
1
3
− (− ) ÷
4
2
7
3 4 1
( − )
5 9 6
1
5 1
2 +4 −
3
6 2
Math 9A: Quick Reminders
Square Roots
Perfect Squares You need to memorize this! Practice by writing them all down on a piece
of paper to see how many you remember. You must know all perfect squares from 1 to 400.
Estimating Perfect Squares
squares.
Identify perfect square benchmarks, estimate non-perfect
Example Estimate the value of √0.3.
0.3 = 0.30
Benchmarks are 0.25 and 0.36
√0.25 = 0.5 and √0.36 = 0.6
√0.30 ≅ 0.55
a)
√0.75
b)
√1.2
c)
√80
d)
√2
e)
√17
Pythagorean Theorem
In a right triangle, 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 = 𝑐 2 , where 𝑐 is the hypothenuse.
Example Determine the missing value.
𝑏 2 + 122 = 152
𝑏 2 = 152 − 122
𝑏 2 = 225 − 144
𝑏 2 = 81
𝑏 = √81
𝑏 = 9 cm
Your Turn Calculate the missing value.
a)
«
b)
Math 9A: Quick Reminders
Composite Shapes
Example
Surface Area
Remember to subtract the overlap. Don’t forget units.
Calculate total surface area.
Calculate total surface area.
The prism 2(𝑏ℎ + 𝑏𝑤 + ℎ𝑤)
= 2(8 × 5 + 8 × 5 + 5 × 5)
= 2(40 + 40 + 25)
= 2(105)
= 210 cm2
a)
The cylinder 2𝜋𝑟ℎ
= 2𝜋(2)(4)
= 50.27 𝑐𝑚2
Total surface area
210 + 50.27 = 260.27 cm2
b)
Math 9A: Quick Reminders
Statistics
Definitions Make sure you can define the vocabulary terms in this unit. (See textbook page
423 for a list).
Bias Make sure you can identify the different forms of bias in a survey question (See
textbook page 432 for a helpful chart).
Histograms Make sure you can create and interpret a histogram.
Math 9A: Quick Reminders
Symmetry
Lines of Reflection
Make sure you can identify lines of reflection in an image.
Rotational Symmetry
Make sure you can identify the order of rotation and the angle of
rotation in an image.
Math 9A: Quick Reminders
Scale Factor
Similarity
When calculating scale factor, the original is the denominator.
Your Turn Determine the scale factor of
the reduction.
Example Calculating scale factor.
A 4- inch-by-6-inch picture is enlarged to measure 24
inches by 36 inches. What is the scale factor of the
enlargement?
The smaller picture is the original.
24
=6
4
The scale factor is 6.
Example Calculating a missing side.
A couch is 6 feet long. If John created a replica for his
dollhouse using a scale factor of 0.02, what is the
length of the scale couch?
a) One car of a train is 85 feet long. A
model train is created, using a
scale of 1:22. What is the length of
the model train?
(Original Measurement) x (Scale factor) = Scale
measurement
b) Barbie is 11.5 inches tall.
If the scale factor used is 1/12,
calculate Barbie’s height if she
were a real person.
(6)(0.02) = 0.12
The length of the couch in the dollhouse is 0.12 feet.
Similar Triangles Calculate the missing side with similar triangles.
Example
Determine the value of x.
Your Turn Determine the missing side.
a)
𝑥
16
=
21 24
𝑥=
16 × 21
24
𝑥 = 14
b)
Math 9A: Quick Reminders
Circle Geometry
Vocabulary Things you need to know:
In the diagram to the right:
- (Diameter is twice the radius)
- A point of tangency is B
- A tangent line is AC
- A chord is DE
Notes
In the following diagram:
Your Turn Calculate the size of angle
POQ.
Angle A is an inscribed angle.
Angle B is a central angle.
Angle B is twice Angle A.
Notes
Using the following diagram:
The angle between a radius and a tangent is
always 90°.
Your Turn Use the Pythagorean Theorem to
find the missing side.
```
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