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Test Review – Energy: Plant Form & & Function
Name __________________________________
Annual rings
dermal and ground tissue
guard cells
leaf arrangement: opposite/
palisade mesophyll/ layer
Pictures: Label the following the diagrams.
root cap
root hairs
spongy mesophyll/ layer
stoma/ stomates/ stomata
transpiration pull
vascular bundles/ tissues
Multiple choice & short answer review question:
1. In the leaf, chloroplasts are not found in the
a. guard cells
b. cuticle
c. spongy layer
d. palisade layer
2. The opening in the surfaces of the leaf are called
a. stomates
b. guard cells
c. veins
d. cuticles
3. In leaves, the conducting tissues are found in the
a. stomates
b. guard cells
c. veins
d. cuticles
4. The size of the stomata is controlled by the
a. veins
b. upper epidermis
d. guard cells
c. palisade layer
5. Plant structures that increase the surface area for absorption of water and minterals are
a. root hairs
b. chloroplast
c. guard cells
d. lenticles
6. The destruction of xylem tissues in a maple tree will most likely interfere with which plant structure?
7. Which physical factor associated with upward movement of water is most affected when leaves are
shed in the autumn?
8. Removing the tip of the stem in a young plant will most directly interfere with the production of
a. auxins
b. carbon dioxide
c. oxygen
d. neurontransmitters
9. Plant tropisms are caused by the unequal distributions of
a. xylem
b. starch
c. auxin
d. enzymes
10. Which will conduct food to the stem of a plant?
a. leaf veins
b. stomates
c. petals
d. root hairs
11. Which type of tissue is found in both the cambium and the growing tip of a root of a plant?
a. epidermal
b. meristematic
c. xylem
d. phloem
12. Two important functions of plant roots are
a. storage & food making
b. growth & photosynthesis c. water absorption & anchorage
13. The diameter of the stem increases primarily due to division in the cells of the
a. xylem
b. phloem
c. cambium
d. cortex
14. Water enters the plant by the process of
a. transpiration
b. osmosis
c. synthesis
15. Plants that lack true roots, stems, and leaves are called
a. bacteria
b. vascular
c. nonvascular
d. hydrolysis
d. fungi
16. The physical factors believed to be most directly responsible for the rise of water in trees are