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Gnlika and Mandi There are two subplanets which are the representatives of Saturn. They have no physical existence although they behave as extremely malefic planets. Several authorities on astrology, including Parashara, hold that the two are not separate but one and the same thing, and their malefic results because of their occupation of a house or association with other planets are the same. However, according to some, they are to be calculated in different ways and we shall describe here the methods of their calculation. Before the actual calculation of their position, however, it is important to realise that according to classic Vedic astrology a day of twenty four hours extends from one sunrise to the next sunrise (not from midnight to midnight). Thus a day birth would be a birth taking place between sunrise and sunset, and a night birth between sunset and sunrise. Another concept is of importance; that is, that instead of considering 24 hours as the duration of the day and night, the ancient system considers it as 60 Ghatis. Thus, each one hour is equivalent to 2.5 Ghatis, or a Ghati equivalent to 24 minutes. A Ghati is further divided into 60 Palas (Vighatis), each Pala being equivalent to 24 seconds. A Pala is further divided into 60 Vipalas (each being 0.4 seconds). Thus, One Ghati One Pala One Vipala 24 minutes 24 seconds 0.4 seconds The hours can be easily converted into Ghatis by multiplying them by 2.5; and Ghatis can be converted into hours by divid• ing them by 2.5. The Gulika :The following steps are to be gone through. (a) Divide the duration of day (in case of daytime birth) or night (in case of night-time birth) in eight parts. (b) Each part belongs to a planet, starting from the lord of the day (e.g., Sun for Sunday, Moon for Monday, Mars for Tuesday, and so on) in case of day time birth, or from the 5th from it (e.g., Jupiter for Sunday, Venus for Monday, Saturn for Tuesday, and so on) in case of night time birth. The eighth part is without a lord. (c) Saturn's part is known as the Gulika. A lagna or ascendant is cast for the time when Gulika (i.e., Saturn's part) begins. This represents the longitude of the Gulika. The Mandi:When day and night are of equal duration (12 hours or 30 Ghatis each), the Mandi rises at 26 Ghatis on Sunday, at 22 Ghatis on Monday, at 18 Ghatis on Tuesday, at 14 Ghatis on Wednesday, at 10 Ghatis on Thursday, at 6 Ghatis on Friday, and at 2 Ghatis on Saturday, in case the birth occurs during daytime. In case of night time birth on any given day, consider the values given for the day falling 5th from itself, i.e., 10 Ghatis for Sunday, 6 for Monday, 2 Ghatis for Tuesday, 26 Ghatis for Wednesday, and so on. When the duration of the day or of the night is not exact 30 Ghatis as is usually the case, the time for Mandi should be appropriately altered. An 'ascendant' calculated for the time of rise of Mandi gives the position of Mandi. The formula for the calculation of Mandi: (a) Day time birth : Duration of day in Ghari-Palas x 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6 or 2 30 depending upon the day of birth from Sunday onwards. (b) Night time birth : Duration of night in Ghati-Palas X .10, 6, 2, 26, 22, 18 or 14 30 depending upon the day of birth from Sunday onwards. Results ofGulika in several houses as appropriate to medical astrology: Just as malefics produce good results and promote health when placed in houses 3, 6, 10 and 11, so also Gulika is favourable in these houses according to the sage Parashara. In the remaining houses, however, it only yields adverse results as given below. First house Ailing and miserable Second House Disabled Fourth House and 'Pitta' (bile) Diseased body with excess of 'Vaata' (wind) Fifth House Short-lived Seventh House Weak bodied Eighth House Easily provoked to anger and impotent Ninth house Twelfth House Weak of body and mind Disabled and ugly in looks Mandi in several houses of the horoscope: Mantreshwara, in the Phaladeepika, describes the results of Mandi in different houses. Those results as are relevant to medical astrology are given below. First House Second House Third House Fourth House Fifth House Sixth House Seventh House Eighth House Ninth House Tenth HouseEleventh House Twelfth House Thin, built, diseased eyes Harsh speech, poor intellect Conceited, for health Bereft of home comforts good Pervert thinking, unstable mind, short life Good for health Poor intellect Short stature, diseased face and eyes Suffers deprivations of various sorts Indulges in unscrupulous deeds, not bad for health Good for health Miserable As can be seen, there is a lot of overlap in the results of Gulika and Mandi as described in the classical texts. Either or both may be considered in a horoscope for purposes of medical astrology. Conforming with the view of Parashara, we feel that the two are in fact identical and must be calculated according to the method for Gulika calculation as mentioned above.