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Early Civilizations of Africa
Turn to pages 56—57 in the Atlas. Use the timeline at the top of the page to sequence the
following events in African history in chronological order. Write 1 next to the event that occurred
first and 5 next to the event that occurred last.
Saladin captures Jerusalem.
The Bantu begin migrating from their homeland.
Mali Empire begins.
Songhai falls.
North Africa is invaded by Muslim Arabs.
Islamic Kingdoms of North Africa
Turn to pages 58—59 in the Atlas. Use map B, "North African Islamic Empires," to sequence the
following events in chronological order. Write 1 next to the event that occurred first and 5 next to
the event that occurred last.
Almohads overthrow Almoravids.
Almoravid Empire is established,
Fatimids establish their caliphate.
Saladin abolishes the Fatimids.
Arab Muslims reach Spain.
Empires of West Africa
Turn to pages 60-61 in the Atlas. Read the introduction. Use the information to complete the
following sentences.
Western African empires developed in the____________________region, south of the
These new kingdoms gained wealth through controlling ____________________.
The first empire to control the areas that produced gold and the southern Saharan trade
routes was ____________________. After Ghana lost its power, the empires of
____________________and ____________________ thrived in the same area.
African States and Trade
Use map B, "Bantu and East African States," to match each state listed below with its
State (word bank)
Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Congo River
Its neighbor was Lunda
Blue Nile formed part of its northern border
Located south of the Zambezi River
Lake Chad was inside its territory
White Nile and Blue Nile joined inside this territory
Located on the Red Sea
Look at map D, "African Trade." Fill in the blanks below with the city or cities between the
starting and ending points of the trade routes provided. Then, write the sources of trade found
along each route.
Trade Route
Timbuktu to Rome
Gao to Baghdad
Lagos to TImbukto
Elmina to Cadiz
Sofala to Kilwa
Bissau to Gao
Cities along Route
Sources of Trade
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