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Why do they conduct a GD session in the first Place?
The Group discussion is a task, which is generally aimed at
understanding and evaluating candidate’s behavior in a group.
Through this method, interviewers can compare and assess a
candidate’s knowledge, communication, and mental strength. It
is quite obvious through the name that Group discussion
involves more than one members and it happens within a group.
To define…
"Group" is a collection of individuals who have regular contact
and frequent interaction and who work together to achieve a
common set of goals. "Discussion" is the process whereby two
or more people exchange information or ideas in a face-to-face
situation to achieve a goal. The goal (CONSENSUS), or end
product, maybe increased knowledge, agreement leading to
action, disagreement leading to competition or resolution or
perhaps only a clearing of the air or a continuation of the statusquo.
Some of the personality traits they
(HR) are trying to gauge may include:
* Communication skills
* Interpersonal Skills
* Leadership Skills
* Motivational Skills
* Team Building Skills
* Analytical /Logical Skills
* Reasoning ability
* Different Thinking
* Initiative
* Assertiveness
* Flexibility
* Creativity
* Ability to think on ones feet
Key Roles to Perform
1. Initiator
You start the GD only when you are sure of starting it sensibly. Do not
forget to greet everyone when you start the GD
2. Contributor
You give valuable inputs time to time and make it point to speak
3. Channelizer
You bring the discussion back on track if there is a deviation from the
main topic
4. Loan Taker
If you are not familiar with the topic then you can borrow points from
others and present it sensibly in your own language
5. Confrontationist
You confront others with statements like “I do not agree with you”, “Can
you prove it?”, “Your point is ridiculous” etc.*
6. Moderator
You try to give others a chance to speak. You request the group for one
discussion etc.
7. Concluder
You conclude only when invited by the group to conclude. While
concluding you present the team’s point of view and not yours
Roles to avoid (consciously): (1)
Some members in the group like to control the discussion. They think
whatever they are saying should be approved by others.
This person considers himself All in All. They give orders to others in
the group and want everyone to act according to them.
Fault Finder:
There are some group members who intentionally find fault in
everything that the other person is saying. They have objection on
anything and everything about other’s pint of view.
Question Mark:
This kind of people, always question others. He/she sometimes irritate
other group members by questioning even for a simple understood
Roles to avoid (consciously): (2)
These members easily get annoyed and get antagonistic at times.
They care less about other’s points, sentiments, feelings, and
values. They attack verbally in their counterparts and harsh in their
They do not have their own substantial views and opinions. They
hardly speak up and hardly make any difference.
This category of people are unlikely to get selected as they are very
much indecisive and having a fickle mind.
This kind of group members does not take any initiative to present
their views. They are lacing innovative or rather any ideas, opinions
and logical views. They do not contribute any positively to the
Tips for Students 1
On the day of GD, wear formal clothes.
Be confident but avoid being over- confident
Talk sensibly. Avoid superficial talk
Listen carefully and speak only at the appropriate time
Be very sure of what you are speaking
Use easy-to-understand English
Speak loudly and clearly
Do not be deterred by other members’ aggressive or submissive
Try to be the first and the last to speak (if confident)
Tips for Students 2
Accommodate diverse view points
Put forth your points without being aggressive and emotional
Give importance to others view. However, stick to the point you have
Do not allow yourself to be diverted by other people’s points
Do not be distracted. Your concentration should be solely on the
If you do not know something, keep mum (collect data from others).
Try to maintain a balanced tone throughout time.
Try to contribute maximum throughout the discussion (but let others
speak as well)
Dos and Don’ts in Group Discussion (in a
1. Keep eye contact while speaking.
2. Allow others to speak.
3. Speak Clearly.
4. Make sure to bring the discussion on track.
5. Listen carefully to others.
6. Don’t interrupt in the middle.
7. Don't take the discussion personally.
8. You need to be assertive.
9. Be as natural as possible and don’t try to be someone you are not.
10.Be alert always.
11. Never be rigid in group discussions.
12. Well, Nice, I do agree with the point, It would be better to add my
suggestion such phrases can
be used during the discussion.
13. Don’t bluntly refuse others’ points, Deny their points politely.
14. Keep cool and calm.
15. Body language shouldn’t divert other participants attention.
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