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Name_______________________________________Date______________________#______________
Weather Study Guide
1.
List the gases that make up air.
a)__________________b)__________________c)___________________d)________________
2.
Label the arrows. Show how oxygen and carbon dioxide move between plants and animals.
______________________
PLANTS
ANIMALS
______________________
3.
Circle the points at which air pressure would be lowest. Draw a box around the point at
which air pressure would be highest.
TOP OF A MOUNTAIN
BOTTOM OF A MOUNTAIN
4.
5.
Read the clues. Then identify the layer of the atmosphere that is being described.
CLUE
LAYER OF THE ATMOSPHERE
a. Coldest layer
b. The layer in which weather occurs
c. The layer in which space shuttles orbit
d. The layer that keeps some harmful rays of
Sun from reaching the Earth
a. ____________________
b._____________________
c. _____________________
d. _____________________
What are the three states of water?
a.________________________________________
water is changing from a liquid to a gas
b.________________________________________
water is changing from a gas to a liquid
c. _______________________________
any form of water that falls from clouds to Earth.
Draw a diagram of the water cycle. Use arrows to show the movement of water as it
evaporates, condenses, and falls to the ground as precipitation.
Draw each kind of cloud. Tell what kind of weather each type brings.
a.
Cirrus clouds:__________________________________________________
b.
Cumulonimbus clouds:_________________________________________________
c.
Cumulus clouds:_________________________________________________________
d.
Stratus clouds: ______________________________________________________________
Read each clue. Identify the type of precipitation being described. Precipitation is any form of
water
that falls from clouds.
CLUE
TYPE OF PERCIPITATION
a.
___________________
Forms when drops of rain freeze and
are tossed up and down in a cloud
many time
b. Most common form of precipitation
c. Rain that freezes as it falls
d. Falls when water vapor in a cloud forms
ice crystals
___________________
___________________
___________________
Describe the stages of the water cycle.
a. Water ____________________________ from bodies of water.
b. It ________________________ in the air and forms _______________________.
c. The droplets become heavier and heavier. They fall to Earth’s surface as
_____________________________________.
Label each weather instrument. Tell what it measures.
a.
Instrument __________________________ measures: ________________________
b.
Instrument: __________________________ measures:_________________________
c. Instrument:__________________________ measures:____________________________
Wind is caused by air that is moving
A.
B.
C.
D.
From areas of low pressure to areas of high pressure
From areas of high pressure to low pressure
From dry areas to wet areas
From warm areas to cool areas
The air in an air mass has about the same (a)______________________________(b)________________
(C) ____________________________
Complete the diagram to describe a cold front.
A.
A cold air mass meets a ________________________ air mass.
B. The cold air moves _________________ the warm air, pushing it up.
C. As the warm air rises _______________________ form and _______________________ occurs.
Complete the diagram to describe a warm front.
A.
A warm air mass pushes into a _______________________ air mass.
B.
The warm air moves ___________________________ the cold air.
C.
Layers of __________________________ form and _____________________ falls.